St. Valentin on the Haide

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St. Valentin on the Haide
Italian name : San Valentino alla Muta
Sankt Valentin, dorpszicht2 foto3 2012-08-13 12.45.JPG
St. Valentine
Country Italy
region Trentino-South Tyrol
province South Tyrol  (BZ)
local community Graun in Vinschgau
Coordinates 46 ° 46 '  N , 10 ° 32'  E Coordinates: 46 ° 45 '50 "  N , 10 ° 32' 8"  E
height 1472  m slm
surface 26.42 km²
Residents 891 (2015)
Population density 34 inhabitants / km²
Demonym Hoader (Heider)
patron Valentin of Raetia
Church day January 7th
Telephone code 0473 CAP 39027

St. Valentin on the Haide ( Italian San Valentino alla Muta ) is a village in South Tyrol and a fraction of the municipality of Graun in Vinschgau . The village is located on the Malser Haide in Vinschgau or Vinschger Oberland , the highest section of the Adige Valley .

St. Valentin is located at 1472  m above sea ​​level on the Etsch, directly between the Haidersee and Reschensee . The village has about 800 inhabitants, who mainly live from summer and winter tourism and agriculture.


St. Valentin on the Haide from the north. Watercolor by Siegfried Schieweck-Mauk, Eichstätt (Bavaria)
Haidersee with a view of St. Valentin, in the background the Klopaierspitze , Endkopf and Pleisköpfl

Hamlets and farms belonging to St. Valentin

  • Dörfl (Monteplair)
  • Kashon
  • Padöll, Plagött
  • Fishermen's houses
  • Stockerhöfe
  • Greinhof
  • Thönihof

Adjacent factions / places

Mountain peaks

  • Elferspitze 2926 m
  • Seebodenspitze 2857 m
  • Grosshorn 2630 m
  • Pleisköpfl
  • Habicherkopf 2901 m


The latest findings bear witness to the first settlement in St. Valentin from Roman times . At that time there is said to have been a horse-drawn carriage station for the Romans in today's district of Dörfl ( Monteplair ).

The first settlement in today's town center goes back to a hospice that the wealthy and pious Burgeois Ulrich Primele founded in 1140 to rescue and take in travelers. In the Middle Ages, a hospice or Xenodochium ( hospitale pietatis, refrigerium pauperum xenodochium ) was a kind of inn for strangers, pilgrims, hikers, the sick, the poor and those in need. In addition to the St. Bernhard hospice in Switzerland, the St. Valentin hospice was one of the first of its kind. In addition to the southernmost lake of the then three lakes, the first chapel dedicated to St. Valentine was built in 1140 near the hospice. The current name of the village derives from the St. Valentin Hof and the St. Valentins Chapel. The village has appeared as a municipality since 1314 and since 1408 with the epithet auf der Haid .

Ski pioneers in St. Valentin, around 1900 - inscription St. Valentin on the Haid winter sports ground of the spa town of Merano

The Saint Valentine will come from today's Netherlands. As an apostle of Rhaetia, he evangelized around 435 in Vinschgau and the nearby Engadin . He died as a bishop in 470 near Meran and was buried at the Zenoburg. St. Valentin on the Haide owes its name to the hiking bishop of Raetia.

The different place names over time:

  • 1140: Hospice with chapel dedicated to St. Valentine
  • 1489: Sant Valtins on the Haid
  • 1576: Gmain allda on Mallserhaydt
  • 1584: On the Hait
  • 1592: Sant Valleintin on the Haydt
  • 1646: Haid
  • 1921: Official name: St. Valentin on the Haide
Seeheim with a view of St. Valentin, around 1900

Traditionally, St. Valentin auf der Haide is still spelled with “ai” instead of “ei”.

The residents of St. Valentine (popularly known as "Hoader") lived from agriculture for centuries. In times of need, the meager yields of the sun-scorched pastures and fields were increased by smuggling in nearby Switzerland and Austria. Numerous legends, myths and true traditions still bear witness to the times of poverty, when poaching and smuggling were an important part of life on the Reschen Pass.

In 1888 the St. Valentin volunteer fire brigade was founded on the Haide. The first St. Valentine's Tourist Association was founded in 1904 under the name “pro loco”, followed by the founding of South Tyrol's first ski club, the Haid Ski Club, in 1905. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, tourism in the Upper Venosta Valley increased established. There was also a tourist boom with the construction of the Vinschgau Railway in 1905, when St. Valentin was advertised as the winter sports resort of the Churort Meran . Tourism steadily gained in importance, be it as a winter sports resort or as a climatic health resort and a place for summer vacation. The first ski lift was built in St. Valentin in 1957, followed by the expansion of the Haideralm ski area in 1962 . In the meantime, the ski area has been merged with the neighboring Schöneben ski area and connected with a connecting gondola lift. The volunteer fire department of St. Valentin has maintained a partnership with the volunteer fire department of the municipality of Überlingen (Baden-Württemberg) since 1965 .


St. Valentin looking south, in the background the Ortler group
  • Hospice in St. Valentin, now houses a retirement home
  • Parish Church of St. Valentine
  • Lourdes Chapel, Oberdorf
  • Chapel in fishermen's houses
  • Chapel to the post office
  • Schlossberg, inner Talai
  • Hoch-Kreuz on the Malser Haide
  • St. Florian Chapel in the Dörfl

The remains of the highest castle in the Alps are on the Schlossberg. The at 1830 above sea level. d. M. located ruin, there are only foundation walls, was probably a protective tower. Certainly the famous via Claudia Augusta passed him by.

The high cross is on the upper Malser Haide. The high wooden cross still represents the border point between the communities of Mals and Graun. The origin of the cross can be traced back to the St. Valentin hospice. The operator of the hospice was obliged to pick up and look after those in need with horse-drawn sleighs in all weather conditions up to this point of the Malser Haide. For a long time the cross was considered to be the border point between the Upper Court of Nauders (Naudersberg) and the Court of Glurns .


Legend of Zerz , The farmer's wife from the Zerzerhof, Gasthof zur Forelle, The witch from Simeta Hof, The shepherd from Schlossberg

Economy and tourism

Haider Alm cable car (valley station)

Thanks to its access to the Schöneben ski area, St. Valentin has a flourishing tourism with numerous inns.

In the industrial area of ​​St. Valentin there are several wood processing companies as well as construction companies and mechanics' businesses.




  • Franz Friedrich Kohl , scientist, historian, author, singer (born January 13, 1851, † December 15, 1924)
  • Marian Stecher , musician, cathedral music director (* 1754, † 1832)

Visual arts


  • Elisabeth Kraushaar-Baldauf , doctor and author (* 1915, † 2002 in Basel / Riehen)
  • Hansjörg Waldner , Germanist and author (* 1954, lives in Meran; publications: "Germany looks at us Tyroleans". South Tyrol novels between 1918 and 1945, Vienna 1990; "Ei nun". Poetry and texts, Innsbruck 2001)

Individual evidence

  1. Traismauer death register 03/11 fol. 31. Retrieved on July 2, 2017 (German).

Web links

Commons : St. Valentin auf der Haide  - collection of images, videos and audio files