Trujillo - town view with churches and castle
|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Extremadura|
|Comarca :||Tierra de Trujillo|
|Coordinates||39 ° 28 ′ N , 5 ° 53 ′ W|
|Height :||564 msnm|
|Area :||649.51 km²|
|Residents :||9,012 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||13.88 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||10200|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||10195|
Trujillo is a southwestern Spanish city and a municipality (municipio) with a total of 9,012 inhabitants (at January 1, 2019) in the province of Cáceres in the autonomous region of Extremadura . The historic center of the small town, which is also known as the “cradle of the conquistadors ”, is recognized as a cultural asset ( Bien de Interés Cultural ) in the Conjunto histórico-artístico category .
Location and climate
The small town of Trujillo is about 1 km west of the A-5 (also E 90 ) at an altitude of about 564 m . The closest major city is the provincial capital of Cáceres, about 46 km to the west . The climate in winter is harsh, but in summer it is dry and warm; Rain (approx. 500 mm / year) falls mainly in the winter half-year.
The mechanization of agriculture and the abandonment of small farms in the second half of the 20th century resulted in a decline in purchasing power, which also led to a decline in the population in the small town.
The area around Trujillo is largely agricultural, with livestock traditionally playing an important role; the place offered the necessary regional services in the fields of handicraft and trade. The region around Trujillo belongs to the Montánchez subzone in the Ribera del Guadiana wine-growing region . For a long time the tourism sector was only of minor importance.
In Roman times the city was known as Turris Iulia , from which the current name is derived, while in the 2nd century Ptolemy mentioned a city called Turgalium . No finds have been made from the Visigothic period . A Moorish fortress was built in the 10th century . During the Arab rule over Spain, the city was known as Torgiela . During the Christian reconquest reconquista Trujillo was founded in 1186 by Alfonso VIII. Of Castile occupied shortly afterwards (in 1189) but back to the Almohad lost. In 1232, the final reconquest by Christian knights took place. In 1431, John II of Castile gave Trujillo city rights . In the 16th century, numerous conquerors of the " New World " set out from here .
- The medieval Castillo de Trujillo occupies the slightly higher neighboring hilltop. It stands on the site of a Moorish fortress from the 9th century.
- Almost all of the city's significant buildings are located on the main square (Plaza Mayor) , including numerous palaces and arcaded houses from the time of the conquest ( conquista ) , including the Palacio de commissioned by Hernando Pizarro , a brother of the conquistador Francisco Pizarro , in 1562 Los Marqueses de la Conquista . The equestrian monument diagonally opposite shows the conquistador himself. The side streets also offer a lot of atmosphere.
- The Iglesia de San Martín de Tours , built from around 1450 to 1564, dominates the square. Its interior has a single nave, but has several side chapels; it is spanned by a late Gothic star vault.
- The three-aisled Iglesia Santa María la Mayor from the 13th century was built during the transition from Romanesque ( bell tower ) to Gothic ( nave ). The central nave has a rich star vault from around 1540, while the side aisles show simpler ribbed vaults . The church has several altars (retablos) , but the main altar is particularly impressive with its numerous picture panels from the 16th century.
- The Museo Casa Pizarro is located in the house where Francisco Pizarro was born and offers a wealth of information on the history of the conquest of the Inca Empire. The large-format wall painting of an Indian woman with all the fruits that came to Europe from South America is quite instructive; next to it a European with the plants that were transferred from Europe to America ( Columbian Exchange ) .
- The Museo de la Coria presents various things that have to do with the Spanish conquest of America.
- Batalha , Portugal
Born in Trujillo
- Juan Carvajal (around 1400–1469), cardinal and papal diplomat
- Francisco de Las Casas , Conquistador in New Spain (Mexico) and Honduras
- Francisco Pizarro (1476 or 1478–1541), Conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire
- Gonzalo Pizarro (1502-1548), Conquistador
- Hernando Pizarro (around 1500 – around 1578), Conquistador
- Diego García de Paredes (1506–1563), Conquistador
- Francisco de Orellana (1511-1546), Conquistador
- Alonso de Sotomayor y Valmediano (1545-1610), Conquistador
The hero in the movie Gladiator comes from near the ancient city of Turris Julia .
- Trujillo, sights - photos + information (arteguias, spanish)
- Trujillo, Sightseeing - Video (Spanish)
- ↑ Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- ↑ Trujillo - climate tables
- ^ Trujillo - population development
- ↑ Trujillo History
- ^ Trujillo - Church of San Martín de Tours
- ^ Trujillo - Iglesia de Santa María Mayor