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Coat of arms of Świeradów-Zdrój
Świeradów-Zdrój (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Lower Silesia
Powiat : Luban
Area : 20.77  km²
Geographic location : 50 ° 55 ′  N , 15 ° 21 ′  E Coordinates: 50 ° 55 ′ 0 ″  N , 15 ° 21 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 450-710 m npm
Residents : 4147
(June 30, 2019)
Postal code : 59-850
Telephone code : (+48) 75
License plate : DLB
Economy and Transport
Next international airport : Wroclaw
Gminatype: Borough
Residents: 4147
(June 30, 2019)
Community number  ( GUS ): 0210021
Administration (as of 2012)
Mayor : Roland Marciniak
Address: ul. Piłsudskiego 15
59-850 Świeradów-Zdrój
Website : www.swieradowzdroj.pl

View of Świeradów-Zdrój
Kurhaus, built in 1899
Wandelhalle in the Kurhaus
Villa Pintsch, built in 1901

Świeradów-Zdrój [ ɕfʲɛˈraduf ˈzdruɪ̯ ] (German Bad Flinsberg ) is a town and a health resort with 4240 inhabitants (as of December 2016) in south-western Poland in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship . It is a member of the Neisse Euroregion .


Świeradów-Zdrój is located in the extreme southwest of Poland in the powiat Lubański in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship. The urban area borders directly on the Czech border in the west . The place is in the middle of the Jizera Mountains on the Queis River .

Wroclaw as the voivodeship capital is 150 km east of Świeradów-Zdrój. The district town of Lubań is about 30 km north of the spa. The two national roads Droga wojewódzka 358 and Droga wojewódzka 361 run through the health resort .

On the southern territory of today's city, directly on the border north-east of Klein Iser - formed by the Iser - lies the now deserted former farming village of Groß Iser , which was devastated shortly after the end of the Second World War .


The village on the eastern slopes of the 1,107 meter high Heufuders (Stóg Izerski), the neighboring summit of Tafelfichte , was first mentioned in the 1337th In the 17th century, the population increased significantly in Bohemia, triggered by the Counter Reformation, with the immigration of exiles . On July 15, 1682, the exiles and village judge of Rochlitz ad Iser , George Gernert the Younger , brought two hundred exiles and 300 cattle to the village lord of Uechtritz . The Silesian reformer Kaspar von Schwenckfeld and the chronicler Friedrich Lucae drew attention to a healing spring in the 17th century. The doctor Leonhard Thurneysser recognized the healing properties of spring water as early as 1572 .

After the publication of a memorandum by the Wigandsthal doctor Dr. Weist in the year 1738 began the spa operation in the Silesian place at the old triangle with Saxony , Silesia and Bohemia . In 1763 Flinsberg became a spa and bathing resort.

The fountain house at the upper fountain was built in 1768 and the first bath house in 1795. In 1811 a second healing spring was discovered, which from 1824 was also used for bathing.

In addition to the acidic springs (carbonated springs), seven steel springs (iron-containing springs) were used, two of which, the Heinrich-Quelle and the Julius-Quelle, were highly radium- containing and thus radioactive . The waters were used therapeutically for drinking cures and brine baths. In the following years, more bath houses were built, such as the Leopoldsbad (1838), the Ludwigsbad (1879) and the Marienbad (1904).

In 1895 large parts of the spa and bathing facilities burned down. A new prestigious spa house was inaugurated in 1899, and a radium bath was built in 1934. With around 3,000 inhabitants, 25,000 spa and recreational guests were counted in 1938.

In 1909, the Isergebirgsbahn AG established a railway connection between Friedeberg and Flinsberg .

Will-Erich Peuckert , who worked as a primary school teacher in Groß Iser between 1914 and 1921 , dealt intensively with the legends of the place.

In 1945 Bad Flinsberg, which had belonged to the Silesian district of Löwenberg , became part of Poland. It was named Świeradów-Zdrój and in the same year the city charter .

The Stóg cable car leads to the Heufuderbaude at 1060 m npm.

Population development

1786: 1,294 inhabitants
1825: 1,542
1905: 1,910
1939: 2,803
1961: 3,085
1970: 2,982
2004: 4,577
2005: 4,556
2008: 4,308

Twin cities

sons and daughters of the town

local community

The mountain cottage Chatka Górzystów on the Great Iserwiese.

The municipality ( gmina miejska ) Świeradów-Zdrój covers an area of ​​20 km² with 5,157 inhabitants. Świeradów-Zdrój is the second richest municipality in Poland (2019). These include the town of Świeradów-Zdrój and the village of Czerniawa-Zdrój ( Bad Schwarzbach ). To the south the community extends to the Czech border, there is also the lonely mountain chalet Chatka Górzystów , the former school of the village Groß Iser , which was the only building in this abandoned village to be preserved.

Web links

Commons : Świeradów-Zdrój  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • City website (German, Polish, English)
  • Kurhaus, Kuranlage and Wandelhalle [1]

See also

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. Karina Blüthgen: Expulsion: Lawless and Powerless in Years of Fear . Mitteldeutsche Zeitung , February 10, 2004, accessed on February 17, 2020
  3. E. Krause: The healing springs of the Jizera Mountains Bote from the Queistale March 1961, pp. 1–2
  4. Say. Birth and Answer of the Mythical World. Introductory volume to the European legends series . E. Schmidt, Berlin 1965 (p. 26 ff.)