Červený Hrádek (Jirkov)
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Ústecký kraj|
|Area :||289.2137 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||169 (2011)|
|Postal code :||431 11|
|License plate :||U|
|Street:||Jirkov - Pyšná|
Ústí nad Labem – Chomutov
Chomutov – Jirkov
Červený Hrádek is located one and a half kilometers north of the city center of Jirkov and extends at the foot of the Bohemian Ore Mountains along the Podkrušnohorský přivaděč canal between the confluences of the Lužec ( Aubach ) and Zámecký potok ( castle stream ). To the west of the village is the Červený Hrádek castle by the Zámecký rybník pond. To the east is the Novomlýnský rybník swimming pond and to the south-east is the Újezd reservoir . To the north rises the Mufloní pahorek (466 m), in the northwest of the Na Skalce ( Wachhübel , 541 m). Ervěnický koridor begins two and a half kilometers to the east, and the Kyjice railway station is also located there .
Neighboring towns are Pyšná in the north, Drmaly , Nové Drmaly and Vysoká Pec in the northeast, Vrskmaň and Zaječice in the southeast, Nový Mlýn and Jirkov in the south, Vinařice in the southwest, Jindřišská in the west and Boleboř in the northwest.
The first written mention of the village comes from 1321.
Originally Borek Castle stood on the site of the castle. There is no evidence of the founding of this castle. Presumably this was built by Dietrich Kraa before 1413. In 1415, Kraa received the castle and two parts of the village of Borek as a fief from King Wenceslaus IV . His wife Katharina sold everything to Wenzel von Morawes and Kopitz in 1417. Since Wenceslaus was Catholic, he fought on the side of Emperor Sigismund during the Hussite Wars . In 1421 the castle and the settlement of Borek were burned down by the Hussites . After the castle was restored, it was painted red. From then on it was called the Red Castle (Červený Hrádek).
The further fate of the place was essentially connected with the history of Červený Hrádek Castle . In 1577 Bohuslav Felix von Lobkowitz and Hassenstein bought the property. He also owned Komotau (Chomutov), with whose fate Rothenhaus (Červený Hrádek) was connected until 1605. After the death of his wife, Bohuslaus' son Joachim exchanged ownership with his relative Georg Popel von Lobkowicz . He received Jung-Bunzlau ( Mladá Boleslav ) for it. At that time most of the population was Protestant. Georg Popel was a staunch Catholic and tried to catholicize the population. The Jesuits , whom he called to Komotau and who founded a Jesuit college there, were supposed to help him . In 1591 there was an uprising, the Jesuit college and the castle were looted. The uprising was then put down and the insurgents severely punished. The town of Chomutov lost many privileges and had to pay heavy fines, but was released from them after 2 years when Booger fell out of favor and his property was confiscated.
In 1605 the large estate was gradually sold. Rothenhaus (Červený Hrádek) with Görkau (Jirkov), Platten ( Blatno ) and 24 villages was bought by Adam Herzan von Harras . During the Thirty Years' War that followed, the castle was repeatedly besieged, conquered, looted and burned down twice. In 1646, Johann Adam von Herzan took over the castle, which in the meantime had become an irreparable ruin. Johann Adam built a new castle from 1655 to 1675. The appearance of the building, which was probably designed by Antonio della Porta , has hardly changed since then.
The castle and the lordship were bought in 1707 to Johann Adam Andreas Prince of Liechtenstein and, through his daughter Marie Dominika von und zu Liechtenstein, who was married to Heinrich Joseph Prince of Auersperg , to the Prince of Auersperg . During the War of the Austrian Succession , the castle was occupied alternately by French, Saxon and Bavarian troops. During the Seven Years' War it was occupied by Prussian troops in 1762 and looted for about three weeks. From 1766 the castle was renovated again by the heir Johann Adam von Auersperg . This sold the rule to Johann Alexander von Rottenhan in 1771 .
This marked the beginning of the era of the barons and imperial counts of Rottenhan at Rothenhaus Castle . After six years, his son Heinrich Franz von Rottenhan took over the rule. He was one of the most important men of his time and one of the founders of the textile industry in the Saaz district . He also had the English garden laid out. In 1809 his daughter Marie Gabrielle von Rottenhan (1784–1863), married to Georg Franz Graf von Buquoy, inherited the Rothenhaus estate. In 1832 she had the district road from Görkau via Rothenhaus and Göttersdorf to Kallich built.
After the abolition of patrimonial Rothenhaus / Červený Hrádek formed a municipality in the Komotau district from 1850 . In 1861 a fire destroyed the stables of the castle, several houses as well as the weaving mill and the school. Two years later the granddaughter, Gabriela von und zu Trauttmansdorff-Weinsberg, who was married to Prince Ludwig Karl zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg , took over the estate. The eldest son Gottfried had six children, from whom Max Egon zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg received Rothenhaus Castle. In 1938 he organized the meetings between Lord Walter Runciman and Konrad Henlein .
In the 1840s, the "Franz Xaver" open-cast lignite mine was briefly operated near the village. In 1869, Stolzenhan and Türmaul were connected to Rothenhaus as districts. In 1871 the school was rebuilt, prior to which lessons took place temporarily in Türmaul. In 1880 Rothenhaus consisted of 55 houses and had 508 inhabitants. In 1890 Türmaul broke up, ten years later also Stolzenhan and formed their own communities. In 1930 the village had 422 residents and consisted of 63 houses. After the Munich Agreement , the community was added to the German Reich in 1938 and belonged to the Komotau district until 1945 . In 1939 Rothenhaus had 380 inhabitants. After the Second World War , the castle was expropriated and nationalized. At the beginning of 1961, Červený Hrádek was incorporated into the town of Jirkov. In 1991, Červený Hrádek consisted of 51 houses in which 139 people lived. The village consists of 65 houses in total.
Development of the population
- The baroque castle Rothenhaus was rebuilt from the largely destroyed castle in 1655–1675 according to plans by Antonio della Porta . It has been owned by the city of Jirkov since 1996. After that, the entire castle was extensively restored by 2006. In addition to a large park, the gallery, an exhibition, the courtyard and the palace chapel can be visited today.
- Statue of St. Johannes von Nepomuk on a pedestal with the coat of arms of the Auersperger on the village square, created around 1750.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Ferdinand Maximilian Brokoff (* 1688, † 1731), German-Bohemian sculptor
- Michael Balling (born March 17, 1776, † 1848), German-Bohemian chemist, Oberhüttenamts director in Zbirow
- Viktor Karell : Castles and palaces of the Ore Mountains and Egertal. Vol. 1, Vinzenz Uhl Verlagbuchhandlung, Kaaden , 1935. (Rothenhaus Castle, pp. 66–69)
- Rothenhaus Castle (accessed February 9, 2017)
- Rothenhaus Castle (Červený Hrádek) (accessed on February 9, 2017)
- Zámek Červený Hrádek - Castle history (accessed on February 9, 2017)
- Zámek Červený Hrádek (Czech) (accessed February 9, 2017)
- Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869-2015. Český statistický úřad, December 18, 2015, accessed on January 17, 2016 (Czech).