Bath (Maine)

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Nickname : City of Ships
Bath, City Hall (Town Hall)
Bath, City Hall (Town Hall)
Location in Maine
Bath (Maine)
Basic data
Foundation : February 17, 1881
State : United States
State : Maine
County : Sagadahoc County
Coordinates : 43 ° 56 ′  N , 69 ° 51 ′  W Coordinates: 43 ° 56 ′  N , 69 ° 51 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 8,514 (as of 2010)
Population density : 361.2 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 34.24 km 2  (approx. 13 mi 2 ) of
which 23.57 km 2  (approx. 9 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 10 m
Postal code : 04530
Area code : +1 207
FIPS : 23-03355
GNIS ID : 582343
Website :

Bath is a city in Sagadahoc County in the US state of Maine , in the United States of America . In 2010 there were 8,514 inhabitants in 4,437 households on an area of ​​34.24 km². This makes it the largest city in the county and at the same time its Shire Town .


According to the United States Census Bureau , Bath has a total area of ​​34.24 km², of which 23.57 km² is land and 10.67 km² consists of water .

Geographical location

Bath is located on the west bank of the Kennebec River , about 20 km upstream from its confluence with the Atlantic, in central Sagadahoc County. The urban area is an average of 10 m above sea level and is rather flat. In the west of Bath the Androscoggin River flows into the Kennebec River. Sidearms of the Kennebec River extend into the city of Bath. Bath borders on Cumberland County .

Neighboring communities

All distances are given as straight lines between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.

Larger cities in the wider area are:

City structure

There are two settlement areas in Bath : Bath and North Bath . North Bath was formerly called Ireland .


Bath's climate is largely mild due to its proximity to the Atlantic. The average annual rainfall is 1220 mm. The mean mean temperature in Bath ranges from −6.7 ° C (20 ° F ) in January to 21.1 ° C (70 ° F) in July. This means that the place is around 9 degrees cooler than the long-term average in the USA. The snowfalls between October and May are up to two and a half meters, more than twice as high as the average snow depth in the USA; the daily sunshine duration is at the lower end of the range in the USA.


The Abenaki called the area in which Bath lies Sagadahoc (mouth of the great river). That referred to the Kennebec River , which flows into the Atlantic here. The river was explored by Samuel de Champlain in 1605 and two years later Popham Colony and Fort St. George were founded a little downstream from Bath . Due to the difficult weather and poor management, the settlement failed. Nevertheless, the colonialists went down in history as the first Europeans to build an ocean-going ship, the Virginia of Sagadahoc , in the New World . The ship brought the settlers back to England.

The area was repopulated around 1660. The land was bought by the settlers from the Indian chief Robinhood. In 1753, Bath was founded as part of Georgetown . On February 17, 1781 Bath received the title town and was detached from Georgetown. The head of the local post office, Dummer Sewell, named the city Bath , after the English city of Bath of the same name .

On February 14, 1844, the previous district of West Bath was also spun off from the city as a town . Bath received its actual city charter , the title city , on June 14, 1847 and since 1854 the city has been the seat of Sagadahoc County . In the following year the city parish reunited part of West Bath. The city subsequently became an industrial location. In addition to wood processing, which is widespread in Maine, iron and brass factories also set up shop .

In addition, shipbuilding has been based in Bath since 1743. Due to its geographical location near the mouth of the navigable Kennebec River and the local iron and wood industry, Bath became the fifth largest shipyard in the United States in the mid-19th century. It mainly produced clippers . More than 200 shipbuilding companies were temporarily based in Bath, the best known and largest being Bath Iron Works , which was founded in 1884 and is still an important employer in the region today. Many military ships were also built by this company. During the Second World War , a ship left the shipyard every 17 days. The city's last wooden shipbuilding company, Percy & Small Shipyard , was acquired by the Maine Museum of the Sea in 1971 and has survived.

Population development

Census Results - City of Bath, Maine
year 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790
Residents 949
year 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
Residents 1,225 2,491 3,026 3,773 5.141 8,020 8,076 7,371 7,874 8,723
year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Residents 10,477 9,396 14,731 9.110 10,235 10,644 10,717 9,679 10,246 9,799
year 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090
Residents 9,266 8,514

Culture and sights


The history of Bath as a seafaring city is documented in the Naval Museum, here mainly paintings and models of ships and sailors built in Bath can be found. The marine museum is directly adjacent to the " Bath Iron Works " shipyard downstream .


Bath is a city with a distinctly New England cityscape; almost half of all houses were built before 1940. The two neo-Gothic churches, one of which, the Chocolate Church, have meanwhile been included in the list of buildings of the Library of Congress worthy of protection are particularly striking. Today it is no longer used as a church, but serves as an art center with permanent and changing art exhibitions.

The preservation of the historical buildings of the city and the surrounding area is supported by a private company founded in 1971, the Sagadahoc Preservation.

In Bath, several structures, a ship and districts have been listed and listed on the National Register of Historic Places .


Economy and Infrastructure

Bath has two particularly important industries: on the one hand the shipyard " Bath Iron Works ", which mainly processes orders from the US Navy, and tourism. The unemployment rate in 2005 was 3.2%.


Bath Harbor, on the Kennebec River, is the city's main transport hub. It has three piers with a water depth of 10 m (30 ft) each; the city front can be used as a landing stage for about one kilometer by pleasure boats. The Kennebec is navigable upstream to Augusta .

The air connection is ensured by four small airports (Westport Airport, Portland Jetport, Augusta Airport and Lewiston Airport) in the area, where business planes can take off and land. The airports are between 10 and 35 minutes' drive from Bath. A major Navy airport, on which all types of aircraft can operate, is located in Brunswick; however, it is not a public airport.

A rail link that has existed since 1849, the Portland – Rockland line , connects Bath with Brunswick and Portland in the west and, since 1871, with Rockland in the east. In 1927 the bridge over the Kennebec River was inaugurated, replacing a railway ferry . The section leading through Bath is now part of the Maine Eastern Railroad , which also operates a seasonal passenger service from Brunswick to Rockland. In Bath there is a stop on this connection. Due to damage to the track, the route is only passable at 35 mph instead of the designed 59 mph.

Bath had a tram operation from the mid-1890s to 1937 .


The city has a local television station, Bath Community Television. It is a publicly supported offshoot of Susquehanna Communications . A local weekly newspaper, The Coastal Journal, appears every Thursday; a local newspaper does not exist.

Public facilities

There are several medical institutions or hospitals in Bath.

In Bath is the Patten Free Library . The building was built in 1890.


Bath is part of Regional School Unit 1 (RSU 1) with Arrowsic, Georgetown, Phippsburg, West Bath and Woolwich.

The following schools are offered in the school district:

  • Dike Newell School in Bath, with school classes from pre-kindergarten through grade 2
  • Fisher Mitchell School in Bath, with classes from grades 3 to 5
  • Bath Middle School in Bath, with school classes from grades 6 to 8
  • Morse High School in Bath, with grades 9 to 12
  • Phippsburg Elementary School in Phippsburg, with school classes from pre-kindergarten to grade 5
  • Woolwich Central School in Woolwich, with school classes from pre-kindergarten through grade 8


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site


  • The tallest crane in the USA rises on the site of the Bath Iron Works.
  • Sumner Sewall , governor of Maine from 1941 to 1945 , was born and died in Bath.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Bath in the United States Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System , accessed January 18, 2020
  2. Maine 2010 Census Results ; official publication of the Census Authority, (English; PDF; 32.5 MB)
  3. Coordinates of the locations of the Census Authority 2010
  4. ^ Bath, Sagadahoc County - Maine Genealogy. In: Retrieved January 19, 2020 .
  5. a b Bath, Maine (ME 04530) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders. In:, accessed on January 18, 2020 .
  6. ^ Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). In: Doris A. Isaacson: Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland ME: Courier-Gazette, Inc., pp. 248-252.
  7. Population 1840-2010 according to census results
  8. WD Crooker House 79000165
  9. William T. Donnell House 89000840
  10. John EL Huse Memorial School 16000438
  11. Hyde Mansion 78000197
  12. Gov. William King House 76000112
  13. Captain Merritt House 85000243
  14. US Customhouse and Post Office 70000064
  15. Winter Street Church 71000044
  16. Mary E. (Schooner) 100004471
  17. Bath Historic District 73000261
  18. Percy and Small Shipyard 71000043
  19. Trufant Historic District 03001402
  20. ^ Patten Free Library. In: Patten Free Library, accessed January 18, 2020 (American English).
  21. rsu 1. In: Retrieved January 18, 2020 .