Augusta (Maine)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Augusta, photographed from the bridge
Augusta, photographed from the bridge
Location in Maine
Augusta (Maine)
Basic data
Foundation : 1628
State : United States
State : Maine
County : Kennebec County
Coordinates : 44 ° 20 ′  N , 69 ° 44 ′  W Coordinates: 44 ° 20 ′  N , 69 ° 44 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 19,136 (as of 2010)
Population density : 133.4 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 150.9 km 2  (approx. 58 mi 2 ) of
which 143.4 km 2  (approx. 55 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 37 m
Postal code : 04330
Area code : +1 207
FIPS : 23-02100
GNIS ID : 0581636
Website :
Mayor : David Rollins
Augusta mainestatehouse.JPG
Maine State House

Augusta [ ɑːˈgʌstə ] is a city in Kennebec County in the state of Maine in the United States . In 2010 there were 19,136 inhabitants in 8,802 households on an area of ​​150.9 km². Augusta is the Shire Town of Kennebec County and has also been the capital of the US state of Maine since 1831 . Augusta is on the Kennebec River .


According to the United States Census Bureau , Augusta has a total area of ​​150.9 km², of which 142.79 km² is land and 7.51 km² consists of water .

Geographical location

Augusta is located on the Kennebec River , which flows north-south through the area of ​​the City, in central Kennebec County. In the east of the area there are several larger lakes, such as the Togus Pond , the Little Togus Pond , the Threecornered Pond and others. The surface is flat, without any significant elevations.

Neighboring communities

All distances are given as straight lines between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.

City structure

There are several settlement areas in Augusta : Augusta , Bolton (formerly a post office), Coombs Mills (Coombs' Mills), Hallowell Court House (formerly a post office), Kennebec (former railroad station) and North Augusta .


The mean average temperature in Augusta ranges from −6.1 ° C (21 ° Fahrenheit ) in January to 20.6 ° C (69 ° Fahrenheit) in July. This means that the place is around 6 degrees cooler than the long-term average in the USA. The snowfalls between October and May are up to two and a half meters, more than twice as high as the average snow depth in the USA; the daily sunshine duration is at the lower end of the range in the USA.


The area of ​​the present city has been explored by European settlers since 1607. They were based in the settlement known as Sagadahoc or Popham Colony , which existed only for a short time . The first settlers in the area came from the Plymouth Colony . They set up a trading post on the Kennebec River around 1628, for the trade of agricultural products for furs with the Indians living here. The trading post was abandoned between 1669 and 1676.

In addition to the English, there were also French influences in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Jesuit Father Gabriel Dreuillettes visited the area in 1646 and set up a mission for the Kennebec Indians. At this time the name Cushnoc ( Coussinoc or Kouissnoc ) was coined for the Plymouth Colony trading post.

Fort Western was built in 1754 during the Seven Years War in North America in Augusta, near the former trading post, to protect the first settlers. During the American Revolutionary War , Benedict Arnold and his troops traveled through Fort West on their way to Quebeck. The fort lay below the falls and also served as a supply depot for Fort Halifax. After the end of the war, Captain James Howard, the former commander of the fort, remained as the first permanent settler and used the main building of the fort as a residence and business.

In 1771 the area was organized under the name Hallowell and in 1797 the northern part of Hallowell was organized as an independent town under the name Harrington . The name was changed to Augusta on June 9, 1797 .

Augusta became the Shire Town of Kennebec County in 1799 and in 1827 Augusta was named the capital of Maine, which in 1820 became the 23rd state to join the Union. The first session of the Maine government was held in Augusta in 1832. Augusta was organized as a city on August 20, 1849.

From 1890 to 1932 Augusta operated the Augusta tram.

Four Augusta locations have National Historic Landmark status , including the James G. Blaine House , which serves as the governor's residence , and the Kennebec Arsenal . 42 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 5, 2018).

Population development

Census Results - City of Augusta, Maine
year 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
Residents 1211 1805 2457 3980 5314 8225 7609 7808 8665 10527
year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Residents 11683 13211 14114 17198 19360 20913 21680 21945 21819 21325
year 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090
Residents 18560 19136


Municipal council

The City Council consists of eight members, one member each representing one of the four districts of the city and four other members. You have a three-year term and can only serve in that position for three consecutive terms.


Mayor of Augusta is David Rollins. He took up his post on November 6, 2014. Rollins was born in Augusta and was a member of the City Council before he was elected mayor.

Culture and sights


The Maine State Museum is the official museum of the state of Maine. It is next to the Maine State House. The collections focus on the prehistory, history, and natural sciences of the state.

Another museum is the Children's Discovery Museum which has exhibits and activities that promote children's developmental skills, including social, cognitive, problem-solving, and peer interaction.

The Maine Military Historical Society Museum is a military and aviation museum located in Augusta.


A number of districts and buildings in Augusta have been listed and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


The botanical garden Viles Arboretum , formerly also called Pine Tree State Arboretum , with an area of ​​90.6  hectares is worth seeing .

Economy and Infrastructure

The paper, steel, food and computer industries are based in Augusta.


The Interstate 95 runs north-south through Augusta on the western shore of the Kennebec River. On the eastern bank, US Highway 201 also runs north-south in a north-south direction. The US Highway 202 crosses both roads and runs from west to east. Several Maine State Routes meet in central Augusta.

Augusta State Airport is located to the west of Augusta, close to the interstate. He bears the IATA code AUG.

Augusta is connected to the freight network through the Maine Eastern Railroad .


The Kennebec Journal is the daily newspaper for Augusta and the surrounding area.

Several radio stations are located in Augusta, and the television station WCBB channel 10 is the local broadcaster of the Maine Public Broadcasting Network.

Public facilities

There are several medical facilities and hospitals in Augusta that are also available to residents of the neighboring towns.

Three public libraries are located in Augusta, the Maine State Library on State House Station, the Lithgow Library on Winthrop Street, and the University of Maine Library at Augusta.


The Augusta School Department is responsible for school education in Augusta.

The following schools are located in Augusta:

  • Lincoln School, with school classes from kindergarten through 6th grade
  • Lillian P. Hussey Elementary School, with school classes from Kindergarten through 6th grade
  • Sylvio Gilbert Elementary School, with school classes from pre-kindergarten through 6th grade
  • Farrington Elementary School, with school classes from Kindergarten through 6th grade
  • Cony High School, with classes from 7th to 12th grade.

The private, Catholic St. Michael School offers school classes from pre-kindergarten through 8th grade.

The University of Maine at Augusta is located in Augusta .


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site

Web links

Commons : Augusta (Maine)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Augusta in the United States Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System , accessed July 7, 2018
  2. Maine 2010 Census Results ; official publication of the Census Authority, (English; PDF; 32.5 MB)
  3. Coordinates of the locations of the Census Authority 2010
  4. a b Augusta, Kennebec County | Maine Genealogy. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  5. a b Augusta, Maine (ME 04330) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders. In:, accessed on July 7, 2018 (English).
  6. a b c d Augusta s Beginnings Long before Europeans came up the Kennebec River to the head of the tide Algonquian speaking Indians, considered Wabanaki or People of the Dawn were already here. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  7. ^ History of Augusta, Maine . ( ).
  8. List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 5, 2018.
  9. Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 5, 2018.
  10. Population 1800–2010 according to census results
  11. ^ Home - Maine State Museum. In: Maine State Museum, accessed July 7, 2018 (American English).
  12. Childrens Discovery Museum | Where Children Come to Play, Learn and Grow! In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 (American English).
  13. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  14. MPBN - WCBB Channel 10 Television. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  15. ^ Maine State Library Home. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  16. ^ Lithgow Public Library. In: Lithgow Public Library, accessed July 7, 2018 (American English).
  17. ^ Katz and Nottage Libraries - University of Maine at Augusta. In: Library, accessed July 7, 2018 (American English).
  18. Welcome to Augusta Schools. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .
  19. ^ Saint Michael School. In: Retrieved July 7, 2018 .