Biliner Sauerbrunn

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Biliner Sauerbrunn
Country Czech Republic
country Bohemia
city Bílina
source BJ6 bilin
- Chemical composition
pH 7.33
Calcium (Ca) 133.8 mg / l
Chloride (Cl - ) 230.1 mg / l
Hydrogen carbonate (HCO 3 ) 4471 mg / l
Lithium (Li) 3.67 mg / l
Magnesium (Mg) 45.14 mg / l
Potassium (K) 90.76 mg / l
Sodium (Na) 1743 mg / l
Dissolved substances (TDS / total mineralization) 7357 mg / l
- Homepage

Biliner Sauerbrunn ( Bílinská kyselka in Czech ) is a strongly mineralized, alkaline medicinal and mineral water that is extracted from the town of Bílina in the Bílina valley near the Borschen mountain in the Czech Republic at a depth of 190.8 m.


In the subsurface of the Bílin Valley, crevices and quartz passages intersect . Water circulates in this system and is brought to the surface at suitable points. The mineral water of the Franz Josef Spring is particularly rich in sodium , calcium , potassium , magnesium and lithium as cations and the anions such as hydrogen carbonate , sulfate and chloride .

The temperature of the mineral water directly in the spring is between 17 ° C and 20 ° C. The carbon dioxide content is inherent in the source at its origin and is bottled in its natural state.


The bottling plant of the "Biliner Sauerbrunnen" is located in the Bohemian Central Mountains on the outskirts of the town of Bílina. The spa was built by the noble family Lobkowicz and later known nationwide through the spa doctor Franz Ambrosius Reuss . In the 16th century, the mineral water was drawn off in clay jugs, doused with wax and sent to customers in the wider area.

The first written records can be found in the chronicle of Wenceslaus Hajek von Libotschan from 1541, where he describes the story of a dispute from 761 about “special water from Bilin, where it was possible to extract the salt through evaporation” . The first business activities of the Biliner Sauerbrunnen are documented in the archives of the noble Lobkowitz family since 1664.

Advert from 1900

At the beginning of the 18th century, "Biliner Sauerbrunn" was also used for domestic use due to the lack of drinking water. It was not until 1761 that the mineral water was cleared of "wild waters". The three springs were brought together in sandstone basins and surrounded by a wall.

Two decades later, the “Biliner Sauerbrunn” also had customers abroad. Due to the increasing sales, new packaging and delivery houses were built, which is why it became the most modern company of its kind in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and was considered a symbol of purity. The springs were converted by Prince Franz Joseph Maximilian von Lobkowitz , owner of Bilin. The spring was decorated with a temple supported by four pillars. 42,000 jugs were shipped in 1786; in 1850 there were 109,559 and in 1900 4,315,307 jugs. In 1870 the clay jugs were replaced by glass bottles .

The company traded with the Russian Empire at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries. For this reason, the company registered its trademark and product for this market in 1910. The Sauerbrunnen experienced its greatest boom at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. To the present day , the well company exports worldwide, including to Stockholm and Rio de Janeiro .

Beneficial properties and healing effects have been known since 1782, as evidenced by originally Latin inscriptions on a marble slab at the head of the spa terrace. The geologists , balneologists , mineralogists and doctors Josef von Löschner , Franz Ambrosius Reuss and his son August Emanuel von Reuss played a major role in the distribution and use of the mineral springs . August Emanuel von Reuss later worked as a spa doctor in Bilin. In the middle of the historical spa facilities there is a “Reuss monument”.


Description of the shipping box: “Bílinská Kyselka natural mineral water. Excellent diet drink. Hygiene exhibition in Dresden, a gold medal in 1911. "

The "Biliner Sauerbrunn" took part in exhibitions, where it was awarded various medals from 1862 to 1926 . These included gold medals from London (1862), Trieste (1882), Teplitz (1895), Innsbruck (1896), Paris (1896), Milan (1906), Dresden (1911), Vienna (1913) and Lwów (1926). However, the First and Second World Wars, as well as the communist era in Czechoslovakia, interrupted this tradition.

Healing effects

Doctors recommended "Biliner Sauerbrunn" as a medicinal water for gout , kidney, urinary, intestinal, stomach, bladder and urinary tract problems (especially when stone and sand are present), diabetes , respiratory diseases , early stages of pulmonary tuberculosis , rheumatism and neurotic disorders like hysteria and hypochondria .

Biliner digestive tentacles

Historical flyer of the Biliner digestive tents

In the 19th century, digestive tents (also called "Biliner Pastilles" or more often "Pastilles digestives de Bilin") were made from evaporation residues from the "Bilin Sauerbrunnen". They were marketed as a remedy for indigestion, heartburn and stomach ailments. At the end of the 19th century, 200,000 boxes of these “digestive tents” were shipped annually. The production of the "digestive tents" ceased after the First World War .


  • Josef Löschner: The Sauerbrunnen at Bilin in Bohemia described therapeutically. ( online ).
  • Franz Ambrosius Reuss: The mineral springs to Bilin. ( online )
  • Franz Ambrosius Reuss: Natural history of the Biliner Sauerbrunnen in Bohemia. ( online ).

Web links

Commons : Bílinská kyselka  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. . Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved May 6, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. ^ Walter Carlé : The mineral and thermal waters of Central Europe. Geology, chemism, genesis. Knowledge Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart 1975, p. 277, ISBN 3-8047-0461-1 .
  3. a b c Beginnings of the spa . Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 6, 2013. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ A b Author collective: Meyers Konversationslexikon. Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig and Vienna, 1885–1892, ( online ).
  5. M. Kral, Vienna - BILINER Sauerbrunn - excellent representative of the alkaline acid . Accessed on June 11, 2013.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /  
  6. Erhard Krause: The landscapes of the old homeland. Bilin and the borsch. In: Sudetenpost. Volume 26, No. 17, September 4, 1980, p. 3, ( PDF; 10.4 MB ).
  7. Löschner, Josef: The Sauerbrunnen at Bilin in Bohemia described therapeutically. FA Credner, Prague 1859, ( online ).