Fürsteneck Castle (Eiterfeld)
Fürsteneck Castle - aerial view
|Creation time :||around 1200, mentioned in 1309|
|Castle type :||Hilltop castle|
|Conservation status:||Educational institution 1952/53. Modernization 2004–2007|
|Standing position :||Clergy, nobles|
|Construction:||predominantly quarry stone (basalt and sandstone), sandstone blocks, corner blocks|
The castle was founded as a border fortification of the Fulda monastery and has been the property of the state of Hesse since secularization . Since 1952 it has been a Hessian folk high school and academy for professional and musical-cultural further education.
The hilltop castle is located in the Hessian skittles on the western edge of the small Wittfeld plateau. It is located on the north-western edge of the hamlet of Fürsteneck, 1.8 km north-northeast of the core town of Eiterfeld, on the local mountain ( ).
Fürsteneck and the surrounding villages are given to the Fulda monastery in 845 in exchange for three villages from Württemberg by Ludwig the German . Until the secularization in 1802, the castle remained almost continuously in the possession of the Fulda monastery.
Abbot Heinrich V. Graf von Weilnau accepts Berthold von Buchenau as Burgmann in 1290. Towards the end of the 13th century, the castle was built, presumably under Prince Abbot Heinrich V von Weilnau, as a border fortification for the Fulda Monastery (first mentioned in 1309). Due to incessant financial worries, the Fürsteneck office was ceded to different masters until the 16th century, including:
- 1324 Pledging of the office to Berthold von Wiesenfeld
- 1358 Transfer of the castle and office to Otto von Buchenau
- 1440 Sale of the Hersfeld Monastery
- 1450 Sale of the castle and the surrounding area for 910 guilders to the "von der Tann"
In 1460, the Fulda abbot Hans von der Tann installed as bailiff on Fürsteneck. Count Heinrich von Henneberg failed in 1463 when attempting to conquer Fürsteneck Castle.
The Fulda monastery bought the castle back in 1532. From then on, only the responsible officials sit on Fürsteneck.
In 1603, 17 places belong to the Fürsteneck office: Arzell, Bodes, Betzenrod, Dittlofrod, Eiterfeld, Hausenmühle, Körnbach, Igelsrod (desert), Leibolz, Leimbach, Malges, Mengers, Ober- and Unterufhausen, Oberweiseborn, Reckrod, Wölf.
During the Thirty Years War , the castle was partially destroyed to the ground. The surrounding villages are partly deserted. Three male residents are still registered in Eiterfeld. Abbot Adalbert von Schleifras acquires Fürsteneck Castle in 1708 and rebuilds it. The coat of arms of the Prince Abbot von Schleifras testify to the reconstruction. The curtain wall with the castle gate comes from earlier times.
With the secularization in 1802, Fürsteneck lost its official function as "office" to Eiterfeld, which from now on administered itself. Fürsteneck is leased as a state domain in 1818. The castle is now called: "Fürstenecker Herrschaftliche Meyerei" and becomes an agricultural property, the fields and meadows of which are leased to the subjects for an annual fee of 1210 guilders.
From 1925 until the end of the Second World War , the domain tenant and later district farmer leader Salzmann ran the estate on the castle and turned it into a control center for Nazi activities and attacks in the Hünfeld district . Together with others, he erects a gallows on the market square in Eiterfeld, on which a sign is placed with the request to hang three Jewish citizens of Eiterfeld.
Between 1952 and 1953, the run-down castle was converted into a folk high school through the initiative of Ministerialratin Johanna Spangenberg, Professor Hermann Schektiven and the later first headmaster Gustav Huhn . Otto Bartning, who is close to the Bauhaus, is won as the architect . Since 2003 all parts of the building have been renovated with the support of the State of Hesse.
The castle was first mentioned in a document in 1290. But there are indications that she is a lot older:
In the wall above the main entrance on the south side there is a Romanesque Einstein twin window (1), which experts attribute to the 12th century. A similar window can be found on the south side of the Fulda Cathedral. Another Einstein window (2) can be found in the west wall of the castle.
Another indication of the old age of the castle complex could be that only castles from the time before the Crusades have towers that are flush with the outer wall , instead of towers protruding from the wall: the north tower is in line with the two outer walls . The same applies to the old keep to the right of the entrance gate.
The current outer gate (3) was subsequently widened at a time when the castle had long since ceased to serve as a fortified castle .
The actual passage should have been a fairly narrow gate, which in case of doubt was easy to defend.
The same applies to the actual castle gate (4). The original gate should have been much lower and narrower. The loopholes in the kennel (5) on the left are so deep that you can assume you are standing on a layer of rubble.
On top of the wall is an old battlement (6) that originally went over the lower outer gate. On the west side of the battlements there is a round corner (7) with the small coat of arms of the Fulda prince abbot Johann Bernhard Schenk zu Schweinsberg .
Above the castle gate is a wall with bricked-up windows, presumably for living rooms, which indicate how often and extensively the castle has been rebuilt over the centuries.
The smaller building in front of the manor house is the old keep (8) with thick humpback blocks on all four edges (see also the same humpback blocks on the northern fortification tower) and thick walls. It is believed that it was originally higher than the manor house and, together with the north tower, formed the defense center of the castle.
Different colored stones are built into the castle walls: dark basalt rubble and lighter sandstone blocks. The wounds of the old walls can be clearly seen on the basis of the lighter "repairs" and give an impression of the renovation work that Adalbert von Schleifras had carried out in the 18th century.
Adalbert von Schleifras has put his coat of arms above the door frame of the manor house (9) :
DoMVs haeCCe restaVrata (= MDCCX)
DICtVs soYsberg per prINCIpeM (= MDCCX)
Abbatem Adalbertum ex stirpe
pleno jure venandi acquisitus est
(In the year in which this house, called Soisberg, was renovated,
it was by Abbot Adalbert from the von Schleifras family
The chronogram shows the year 1710 in the second and third lines; the Y is calculated as a double I.
In front of the farm building (10) there is another coat of arms of Adalbert von Schleifras'. Originally there were probably no buildings here, only walls and battlements. However, an extension must have taken place at an early time, because you can bricked on the outside wall of economic tract loopholes discovered.
In the 19th century, when Fürsteneck was an agricultural property, the forge and the pigsty were located here.
The north tower (11) follows. In the 19th century it was half disintegrated and without a roof. At the time when it was still used as a defensive structure, it hadn't fallen apart, but it was also without a roof, but with many loopholes. The outside staircase to the tower was also built quite late, as was the entrance door to the tower, while the window above the door should be older.
The north gate (12) is probably more recent and will have been built at the time when the domain owners or workers had to go to their northern fields with carts and horses.
A third coat of arms of Schleifras can be found above the entrance to the conference building (13) with the hall, a former barn, as well as other seminar rooms and rooms for the participants:
Adalbertus DG Abbas Fuldensis SR
Imperii Princeps D Augustae Archicancellarius
Per Germaniam et Galliam Primas MDCCIX
(Adalbert, by the grace of God Abbot of Fulda, Prince of the Holy Roman Empire,
A few steps further to the left of the entrance to the conference building is the former, now walled-up entrance to the hall in the form of a pointed arched door vault (14).
In 1957, a chapel was set up in the vaulted cellar (15) for prayer and reflection.
Fürsteneck Castle is today an independent educational institution with a supra-regional, non-partisan and non-denominational orientation. The fundamental conversion to an educational facility was carried out in 1952/53 by the architect Otto Bartning .
Every year almost 4,000 participants attend 175 courses with 15,000 days of occupancy.
The program includes events as part of educational leave , courses on key professional qualifications such as communication , creativity or management as well as professional or cultural training courses . The main focus is on musical and cultural education with offers on dance , music (folk, drone and early music, rock, pop, jazz), theater, rhythm, ceramics, painting, drawing, film and photography. There are also courses on nature and ecology, leisure and health, on questions of lifestyle and orientation and weeks for families. Special training courses for social, educational, nursing and psychological professions complete the overall offer.
The Hessian Student Academy has also been located in the castle since 2004 .
The sponsoring association
The educational establishment is supported by the non-profit association Hessische Heimvolkshochschule Burg Fürsteneck e. V. The association was founded in 1952 as a round table of different social groups.
The purpose of the statutes is the implementation of youth and adult education measures based on a holistic understanding of education. The aim is the integration of political-social, musical-cultural and vocational education, with musical-cultural education being a special focus.
- Rudolf Christl et al. (Ed.): 1150 years village and market Eiterfeld. Office and court of Fürsteneck. 845 - 1995. Eiterfeld 1995
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , p. 192.
- Rolf Müller (Ed.): Palaces, castles, old walls. Published by the Hessendienst der Staatskanzlei, Wiesbaden 1990, ISBN 3-89214-017-0 , p. 96.
- August Straub : Castles and palaces in Hessenland. 3. Edition. Melsungen undated
- August Weber: The history of the Hünfeld district. Fulda 1960
- "Since 2004 the Hessian school academies for the upper level have been taking place at BURG FÜRSTENECK, since 2011 there has also been an academy for the intermediate level. In 2014 the alumni and support association was founded." ( The Hessian Student Academy , accessed on March 31, 2017)
- Entry from Jens Friedhoff to Fürsteneck b. Eiterfeld in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- "Fürsteneck Castle, Fulda District". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 15, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Fürsteneck Castle, Academy for professional and musical-cultural training
- Fürsteneck Castle , on burgenwelt.org