Wildeck Castle (Wildeck)
Wildeck castle ruins - the later Blumenstein Castle
|Alternative name (s):||Flower stone|
|Creation time :||around 1250|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Standing position :||Ministeriale|
|Construction:||Quarry stone masonry, fountain|
The castle Wildeck is the ruin of a Spur castle of the 13th century in Richelsdorfer Mountains in the Hessian community Wildeck in the district of Rotenburg . The Blumenstein hunting lodge was built in its place from 1727 .
The castle stood in the southern part of the Richelsdorf Mountains in the Wildecker district of Raßdorf . Surrounded by forest, it was located at about high mountain spur of the Schloßberg , which advances in the southern part of the Wildecker valley above the Suhl to the west.
Wildeck Castle was probably built by the Thuringian landgraves in the 13th century. It was first mentioned in a document in 1289 when Landgrave Albrecht II transferred the castle to his son Apitz. In 1301 the castle came into the possession of the Fulda Abbey . However, this led to disputes between Fulda and the diocese of Würzburg . The bishopric occupied the castle in 1316, but it was quickly recaptured by Fulda. The castle, which was probably destroyed afterwards, was rebuilt and in 1337 came into the possession of the Lords von Trott and von Boyneburg as a divided Fulda fief . From 1323 Obersuhl belonged to the administrative district Schloss und Burg Wildeck , the "Amt Wildeck". After the town of Hönebach came to the Wildeck office in 1363 through the transfer of the Lords of Uffhausen, this was given to the Lords of Trott as a fief by the Abbot of Fulda in 1364. Both places were separated from each other by the Thuringian office of Gerstungen (Bosserode, Raßdorf, Großensee). In 1406, Landgrave Hermann II of Hesse redeemed the castle that was in pledge possession and enfeoffed the Lords of Trott with the castle. The Wildeck office fell to the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1412 . In 1413 Fulda sold the castle to Landgrave Hermann II, but it was pledged again in 1445 (until 1544). The castle was destroyed during the Peasants' War in 1525. It then served the notorious robber Wilde Sau and his gang as a shelter. From 1579 the Obersuhl court was included in the Rotenburg office .
Blumenstein Hunting Lodge
In 1627 the ruin came into the possession of the partially sovereign Landgraviate Hessen-Rotenburg (Rotenburger Quart) created by Landgrave Moritz von Hessen-Kassel to care for his sons from his second marriage with Juliane von Nassau-Dillenburg . In 1727, Landgrave Ernst II Leopold von Hessen-Rotenburg had a hunting lodge built on the ruins of Wildeck Castle, which he named Blumenstein .
- « The castle complex is quite difficult to recognize from the individual construction periods. It is oriented northwest-southeast in the main axis and is overlooked by the mountain ridge that extends east into the valley, from which it separates a deep trench uphill . [...] You can now see an outer wall and ditch (now leveled), which measures about 360 meters around. From this grows up the girdled stronghold, which takes up about 120 meters in a rectangle, while the kennel itself is about 180 meters in circumference. The already mentioned gateway that climbs through the Zwinger leads up to the stronghold. The stronghold is protected to the northwest by strong walls and still has a rectangular tower stump. It seems only a northwest leaning against the wall Palas of about 20:10 meters dimensions and the courtyard were to be had. The hall has a cellar and in the courtyard an allegedly 40 meter deep well slopes steeply into the mountain interior. Everywhere you can discover the work of earlier and later times on only ajar, not interlocked walls and the changeable wall thicknesses. »(Hermann Nebe 1925)
Only the foundations of the rectangular enclosing walls and a stone-covered well have been preserved from the castle complex. The builders of the later hunting lodge used the ruins as a quarry. Most of the ruins now visible come from the hunting lodge - a cellar on the north side. The archway on the access path has also been preserved. All remnants of the wall are received on their own initiative with the help of donations, from associations and citizens of the surrounding communities.
- Barbara Händler-Lachmann (Ed.): Culture - History: historical sites, monuments, forgotten places and museums in the Hersfeld-Rotenburg district. P. 261–263, Hessian Institute for Teacher Training Branch Bad Hersfeld, 1995, ISBN 3-9804841-0-6
- Rudolf Knappe: Medieval castles in Hessen. 800 castles, castle ruins and fortifications. 3. Edition. Wartberg-Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-228-6 , p. 177.
- Hermann Nebe: Wildeck-Blumenstein . In: Thuringian castle trips . Third episode. Publisher by Hugo Brunner, Eisenach 1925, p. 26-32 .
- Wildeck Castle at burgenwelt.de
- The saga of the wild sow and the saga of the Blumenstein (PDF file, 4.5 MB, p. 19 f.)
- Legend of the Blumenstein Castle
- "Burg Blumenstein (Raßdorf), Hersfeld-Rotenburg district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- "Rotenburg an der Fulda, district of Hersfeld-Rotenburg". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of December 4, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).