eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality

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EThekwini Metropolitan Municipality
eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality
Map of KwaZulu-Natal with eThekwini highlighted (2016) .svg
coat of arms
Coat of arms or logo
Basic data
Country South Africa
province KwaZulu-Natal
Seat Durban
surface 2297 km²
Residents 3,442,361 (October 2011)
density 1499 inhabitants per km²
key ETH
ISO 3166-2 ZA-KZN
Website (English)
mayor Mxolisi Kaunda
Political party African National Congress
GDP 137.600  million  R
39,973 R per capita

Coordinates: 29 ° 52 ′  S , 31 ° 1 ′  E

The eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality (short eThekwini ) is a Metropolitan Municipality in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal , the center of the city of Durban is formed. It has 3,442,361 inhabitants (as of October 2011) on an area of ​​2297 square kilometers (as of August 2016) and is the third largest municipality in South Africa in terms of population after the metropolitan communities of Johannesburg and Cape Town . The seat of the metropolitan municipality is in Durban. Mxolisi Kaunda ( ANC ) is the mayor .

In 2016, parts of the disbanded local church Vulamehlo came to eThekwini.


The origin of the name and the name itself are disputed. In Zulu , ethekwini is the locative form of itheku or amatheku . The two words stand for port or lagoon or animal or man with a testicle . When former mayor Obed Mlaba noticed this importance in 2007, he campaigned for the district to be renamed. However, the plans were not implemented.


Preparations for a municipal area structure reform in South Africa have been underway since 1998. This also resulted in six metropolitan communities. The name Ethekwini was proposed for the Durban metropolitan area in August 2000 . In December 2000 the metropolitan municipality was founded. Local elections were held across the country on December 5th that year.

The most populous neighborhoods in eThekwini are Durban , Umlazi , Phoenix , KwaMashu , Inanda , Pinetown , Ntuzuma, and Mpumalanga . In addition to these parts, which are generally perceived as the urban area of ​​Durban, eThekwini also includes the coastal towns of Amanzimtoti and Umhlanga with significant beach tourism, as well as Umkomaas , which is known for its cellulose factory . The suburbs of Hillcrest and Cato Ridge , which are further inland and higher up, can be found on the traffic routes towards Pietermaritzburg . In the coastal city of Verulam there is a Hindu temple opened by Mahatma Gandhi in 1913 . Tongaat , close to King Shaka International Airport , is the headquarters of Tongaat Hulett , one of the largest agricultural groups in southern Africa .


The greatest concentration of population in the area of ​​eThekwini is in the central and northern districts. The metropolitan municipality has seen strong population growth since 2001, mainly due to internal migration from other parts of the KwaZulu-Natal Province and a smaller proportion from abroad.

Most of the population is black African (73.8%), a significant minority are Indians and Asians (16.7%), the white population is 6.6%. The Indian population lives mainly in the Phoenix and Chatsworth districts .


The city administration built 57,500 public toilets, where faeces and urine are collected and collected separately. The system was a latrine eThekwini known

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The Local Government Handbook. South Africa: eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality (ETH) . on (English).
  2. ^ A b Statistics South Africa : Ethekwini . at (English).
  3. eThekwini Municipality Mayor Cllr Mxolisi Kaunda . at (English), accessed June 13, 2020.
  4. So is it eThekwini or bull's testicle? ( English ) Independent Online . August 23, 2007. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
  5. SA row over 'bull testicle' name ( English ) BBC NEWS . August 23, 2007. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  6. ^ SAIRR : South Africa Survey 2000/2001 . Johannesburg 2001, pp. 534, 573.
  7. SAIRR: South Africa Survey 2001/2002 . Johannesburg 2001, p. 78.
  8. South Africa: Ethekwini / Durban. In: City Population. 2011, accessed September 26, 2015 .
  9. Michael Sutcliffe, Sue Bannister: Case Study Metropolitan Governance eThekwini (Durban), South Africa . Paris, Nairobi, Eschborn 2015, online at (English, PDF); PDF document p. 14.
  10. Census 2011: Durban. Accessed May 17, 2019 .
  11. Diane Stinton (Ed.): African theology on the way: current conversations. ISG 46. SPCK, 2012, ISBN 978-0-2810-6536-3 . Excerpts from
  12. Bookboon: Sanitation & Water Supply in Low-income Countries. Bookboon, ISBN 978-8-776-81866-1 , p. 42 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  13. United Nations Human Settlements Program: Global Atlas of Excreta, Wastewater Sludge, and Biosolids Management. UN-HABITAT, 2009, ISBN 978-9-211-32009-1 , p. 514 ( limited preview in Google book search).