|ZH is the abbreviation for the canton of Zurich in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Grüningen .|
|Canton :||Zurich (ZH)|
|BFS no. :||0116|
|Postal code :||8627|
|Coordinates :||700151 / 237906|
|Height :||502 m above sea level M.|
|Height range :||450–554 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||8.79 km²|
|Residents:||3475 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||325 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|13.2% (December 31, 2018)|
|Mayor :||Carlo Wiedmer (SVP)|
View of the town of Grüningen
|Location of the municipality|
Grüningen is a political municipality (with historical town charter) in the district of Hinwil in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland .
coat of arms
- In green a soaring silver, gold-tongued and armored lion
The lion as an animal on the municipal coat of arms can be identified on a seal for the first time in 1370, making it the second oldest coat of arms in the canton after Winterthur . The heraldic animal can probably be traced back to the Habsburg lion, because Grüningen was Austrian from 1274–1408. The green background indicates the name Grüningen. The city coat of arms also corresponds to that of the later Zurich Landvogtei. All contemporary documents (heraldic books, heraldic disks, maps, seals, etc.) show the lion on the green background.
The community is located on the northeast flank of the Pfannenstiel in the valley floor of the Zurich Oberland , which is criss-crossed by flat hills , between Pfannenstiel and Bachtel . Highest point on average at around 500 m above sea level. M. lying municipality is the Schlüssberg ( 554 m above sea level ), the lowest point is 453 m above sea level. M. at the point where the Aabach leaves the municipality to Gossau ZH and at the same time changes its name to Grüningerbach .
Neighboring communities are clockwise, starting in the north: Gossau ZH and Bubikon ; Hombrechtikon and Oetwil am See in the Meilen district , as well as Egg in the Uster district , with a common border of only about 380 meters.
The core of the community is the town of Grüningen ( Stedtli ), which has had town charter since the Middle Ages. The two larger villages of Binzikon and Itzikon are located immediately south and east of the core settlement. The localities Adletshausen ( Adletshusen ) and Bächelsrüti are located on the southeast and northwestern edge of the municipality. Other settlements are hamlets and individual farms, including Buechholz, Büel, Reipen, Richttanne, Holzhusen and Niggenberg.
On December 31, 2011, 50.1 percent of the population belonged to the Evangelical Reformed Church and 22.5 percent to the Roman Catholic Church .
In Grüningen there is also the Chrischona Free Church .
The mayor is Carlo Wiedmer ( SVP ) (as of 2019).
|Members of the Grüninger Municipal Council (2018-2022)|
|Surname||Taking office||function||Political party|
|Walter Pfister||2006||Vice President and Building Construction||FDP|
|Andreas Spring||2018||Civil engineering||SVP|
|Sascha-Max Steinegger||2018||Welfare and property||PDP|
|Rubino Marconi||2014||Finances and works||FDP|
Important key data from history:
- 1038 First documentary mention. The development of a city is not known.
- In 1279 the office and town of Grüningen were owned by the Habsburgs; various pledges followed.
- 1408 Sale of the pledge by the Gessler brothers to the city of Zurich, establishment of the Landvogtei Grüningen . It covered almost the entire south-east of the Zurich landscape, from the Pfannenstiel to the Schnebelhorn and from the Hörnli to Lake Zurich. Besides Kyburg, Grüningen was the only bailiff that had its own blood court until the fall of the old Swiss Confederation.
- 1440 First siege of Grüningen during the Old Zurich War .
- 1443 Second siege of Grüningen during the Old Zurich War.
- 1551 First town fire
- 1610 construction of a church and formation of an own parish
- 1685 Second town fire
- 1798 end of the Landvogtei . Heinrich Lavater from Zurich was the last bailiff to leave Grüningen Castle.
- 1802 formation of the political community
- 1831 Relocation of the district administration to Hinwil due to the stagnation in industrial development
- 1844 Construction of the dam ( "In 1844, with the state force 'Forever this bridge' was made. There was no entrance here before, you had to go through the gate above." ) And the street Stedtli-Binzikon
- 1903 Opening of the Wetzikon-Meilen-Bahn (WMB)
- 1950 Closure of the World Cup and foundation of the Zürcher Oberland transport company (VZO)
- 1954 Municipality issues protection ordinance for the town
- 1960 Enactment of the building and zoning regulations, corresponding change in the income structure of the municipality
- 1970 church fire
- 1976 Grüningen received the Wakker Prize from the Swiss Homeland Security for special services to the protection of the local image
From 1903 to 1950 Grüningen was on the Wetzikon-Meilen-Bahn .
The following bus lines are operated by the Zurich Lake and Oberland Transport Authority (VZO):
- 845 Uster train station - Sulzbach - Bertschikon - Gossau - Grüningen - Oetwil am See
- 867 station Wetzikon - Grüt - Gossau - Grüningen - Oetwil am See
- Gilles Roulin , ski racer, Olympian
- Emil Gehri, village historian, Ehm. Parish clerk
- Hermann Gessler, Habsburg bailiff in Grüningen, was the model for the person of Hermann Gessler in the Wilhelm Tell myth
- Konrad Grebel , co-founder of the Anabaptist movement
- Grüningen Castle with reformed church
- Botanical garden in Eichholz
- Töbeliweiher and Giessenweiher
From 1903 to 1950 the Wetzikon-Meilen-Bahn ran through the town as a tram. Today, the Oetwil am See - Wetzikon bus route operated by the Zurich Lake and Oberland transport companies runs there . The section of the main street in the formerly fortified part is called "Stedtligasse". On the northeast side of the street are the inns Zum Bären and Hirschen .
- Castle Museum
- Tin Figure Museum
- Beekeeping Museum
Grüningen is known far and wide for its markets:
- Spring market on the last weekend of April
- Autumn market on the second weekend in October; historical market activity on Chratzplatz and in Herrenbaumgarten
- Christmas market on the first Sunday of Advent
- Markus Brühlmeier: Grüningen. History and stories. Zürcher Oberland Buchverlag, Wetzikon 2008, ISBN 978-3-85981-231-4 .
- Hermann Fietz: The art monuments of the canton of Zurich, Volume II: The districts of Bülach, Dielsdorf, Hinwil, Horgen and Meilen. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 15). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1943. DNB 365803049 .
- Official website of the community of Grüningen
- Geo-referenced, historical photo of the community of Grüningen
- Statistical data from the community of Grüningen
- Martin Illi: Grüningen (municipality). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- ↑ Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ Data on the resident population by home, gender and age (community profile). Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- ↑ How the community got their coat of arms. In: The Landbote . June 22, 2017. Retrieved September 21, 2018 .
- ↑ http://www.statistik.zh.ch/internet/justiz_inneres/statistik/de/aktuell/mitteilungen/2012/bev_2011.html (accessed on February 27, 2012).
- ↑ http://www.chrischona-grueningen.ch/ (accessed on February 27, 2012).
- ↑ grueningen.ch:  , accessed on March 31, 2014, published on March 31, 2014 in the Zürcher Oberländer
- ↑ http://www.grueningen.ch/xml_1/internet/de/application/d11/f12.cfm