City of Aachen
|Height :||146 m|
|Area :||8.8 km²|
|Residents :||12,507 (2015)|
|Population density :||1,421 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||52080|
|Area code :||0241|
Location of hair in Aachen
The former municipality of Haaren is four kilometers northeast of Aachen city center and has been part of the city of Aachen as a district since January 1, 1972.
As of December 31, 2015, the town had 12,507 inhabitants and an area of 880 ha.
In the Carolingian period (768–814), today's local area belonged to the Aachen royal court and the royal wilderness forest and probably also to the Würselener Königsgut Wormsalt . The first documentary mention can be found in 1152 in the Annales Rodenses , the Klosterrath yearbooks. Up until the 18th century, Haaren and Verlautenheide formed one of the quarters of the Aachen Empire . In 1792 and again in 1794 the area was occupied by the French. Haaren and Verlautenheide became independent Mairie Haaren and belonged to France since 1801 ( Peace of Lunéville ) and to Prussia since 1814 ( First Peace of Paris ).
In the 1920s, Haaren was mainly a workers' suburb for the factories on Jülicher Strasse in the north-east of Aachen. At that time, Haaren was a stronghold of the KPD .
In October 1944, Haaren was occupied by American troops and came under American and later British administration. With the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Haaren community became independent within the Aachen district. On January 1, 1972, it was incorporated into the city of Aachen due to the Aachen Act .
On December 31, 2015, 12,507 people lived in Aachen-Haaren.
Structural data of the population in hair:
- Population density: 14.2 inhabitants per hectare (Aachen average: 15.8 inhabitants per hectare)
- Average age: 41.73 years (Aachen average: 40.63 years)
- Proportion of foreigners: 15.6% (Aachen average: 16.9%)
- Unemployment rate: 9.6% (Aachen average: 8.9%)
A striking building in the center of the village is the old Zehnthof with its massive arcades. The Catholic parish church of St. Germanus is a neo-Gothic brick building (built 1889–92 according to plans by Heinrich van Kann , badly damaged in 1944, rebuilt in 1948). The Peace Chapel was consecrated in 1969.
Well Überhaaren is on the street Auf der Hüls , formerly Südstraße. The keystone of the gateway bears the year 1692. The manor is already mentioned in the list of imperial court fiefs of the imperial city of Aachen towards the end of the 13th century .
The Welsche Mühle in the Haarbachtal is the only watermill in Aachen whose mill wheel is still in operation.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Peter Joseph Beduwe (1805–1871), entrepreneur
- Viktor Brack (1904–1948), SS-Oberführer and convicted war criminal
- Kurt Capellmann (1923–1995), wagon manufacturer and equestrian sports official
- Jakob Dautzenberg (1897–1979), communist and resistance fighter
- Carlo Graaff (1914–1975), politician (FDP), Member of the Bundestag, Lower Saxony Minister of Economics
- Bert Heller (1912–1970), painter
- Berta Kals (1923–2016), artist
- Hans Kals (1927–1989), economist, writer, dialect poet
- Heinrich van Kann (1861–1941), architect, lived and worked in hair
- Josephine Koch (1815–1899), Catholic founder of the order, grew up with hair
- German Hubert Christian Maaßen (1825–1910), Catholic pastor and ancient historian
- Johannes Nollé (* 1953), ancient historian, epigraphist and numismatist
- Émilie Schneider (1820–1859), nun of the daughters of the Holy Cross, superior of the Theresien Hospital in Düsseldorf
- Heinrich Xaver Sieger (1811–1901), entrepreneur
- Josef Vassillière (1897–1967), architect
- Helene Weber (1881–1962), a hair teacher for many years
Haaren has a total of four schools: the community elementary school Am Haarbach, the Lindenschule (special school with a special focus on language) as well as the vocational schools Mies-van-der-Rohe-Schule and the vocational college for design and technology.
In hair there are u. a. the DJK FV Haaren 1912 e. V. The association offers the competitive sports of soccer, tennis and Hap-Ki-Do. He is also active in popular sports (dance gymnastics, athletics).
The independent sports badge base in Haaren has existed since 1967. In the Haaren sports center (Neuköllner Str. 9) you can take the athletics exams for the German sports badge every year from mid-April to mid-October from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m.
There is also the Haarener Turner Eintracht (HTE), each of which has a department for gymnastics, dancing and basketball, and the Haarener Turnverein von 1862 e. V. (HTV).
The federal highway 264 runs through Haaren ; it leads from Liège (Belgium, national road 3) via Aachen, Eschweiler , Düren and Frechen to Cologne . This road already existed at the time of the Roman Empire . The Reichstrasse and Bundesstrasse 1 ran on the same route through Haaren, coming from the Dutch border, Vaals via Würselen-Broichweiden towards Jülich and Neuss.
In local public transport , Haaren is served by the ASEAG lines. There are the stops Haaren Haarberg, Haaren Denkmal, Haaren Markt and Tonbrennerstraße. Articulated buses run every half hour on lines 11 ( Hoengen / Mariadorf- Schmithof) and 21 ( Übach-Palenberg / Herzogenrath -Aachen Siegel), hourly solo buses on route 1 ( Stolberg -Lintert) and hourly solo buses on routes 16 ( Verlautenheide ) only Monday to Friday during the day - Aachen Hauptbahnhof ) and 46 (Verlautenheide-Aachen Waldfriedhof ).
- Population. (PDF) Retrieved April 16, 2018 .
- Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X .
- Haaren before the gates of the city of Aachen , Heimatverein Haaren / Verlautenheide, volume 2, 1987
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 305 .
- haaren-aachen.de - Website of the interest group trade, craft and trade Haaren e. V. with lots of information about the location (photos, history, politics, clubs, etc.)
- City of Aachen, district of Haaren
- haaren-verlautenheide.de - Website of the Heimatverein Haaren / Verlautenheide 1984 e. V. with information and publications on the history of the two districts