Legend of origin

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Origin forecast or myth of origin refers to a meaningful narrative ( narrative ), by means of which individuals or family groups , clans or tribes (an incredible ) famous ancestors or entire nations as their putative progeny or side lines connect, as Ansippung to another " family ". In order to construct a common origin , extensive family trees are drafted or adopted by others (“ fictitious genealogy ”). Social groups refer to such a mythical origin in order to strengthen their sense of togetherness and their cultural cohesion as an ingroup and to differentiate and emphasize themselves from other groups and cultures (foreign groups). The identity- creating stories can be in the form of a saga or legend or a myth or a literary motif , and some etiological stories are also part of it ( explanatory sayings ). The ethnologist Bronisław Malinowski (1884–1942) referred to myths of origin or origin, which are used to justify the legitimacy of individual rituals , property claims or social institutions ( institutions ), as charter (compare “ Charter ” as a basic document).

Often the contents of such legends were first handed down orally and in the process deformed and adorned in each new generation before they were recorded in writing; other narratives took up stories presented or written down by others in order to interweave them with their own. Sometimes the myths are also associated with religious rituals and are withheld from strangers.

A well-known example of an origin myth is the father's story about Abraham and his descendants, which in the three Abrahamic religions Judaism, Christianity and Islam serves in different ways to establish identity (compare identity politics ). In a well-known founding myth , the Greek city of Athens is derived from the combative goddess Athena .

Political myths and continuity theories often follow similar patterns, such as the nationalism of the 19th century, the derivation of the "origin" of Germans, Hungarians, Greeks and other peoples. Such ideologies relate to coherent but only partial historical or linguistic knowledge; they are characterized by an absolute claim with a simultaneous immunization strategy against contradicting research results.

Historical examples

Current political examples

Related topics






Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Charlotte Seymour-Smith: Dictionary of Anthropology. Hall, Boston 1986, ISBN 0-8161-8817-3 , p. 130 (English); Quote: "Genealogical fiction: A phenomenon related to Genealogical Amnesia, whereby genealogies may be adjusted to suit better the requirements of the present-day social and kinship structure or the interests of the person or group concerned. Actual genealogical ties may be forgotten or suppressed and new ones substituted. This process of readjustment or reconstruction of genealogies reveals aspects of the interplay between the "ideal models" or kinship structure and the realities of relationships between persons and groups. (See Descent: Lineage Theory) ”.
  2. ^ Bronisław Malinowski : Magic, Science and Religion, and other essays. Waveland, Glencoe IL 1948, pp. 64, 85, 91 and 93 (English; reprint: Read Books 2013, ISBN 978-1-4733-9312-7 ; references in the Google book search ).
  3. Compare Jacques Benoist-Méchin , Eric Baschet (Ed.): Turkey 1908–1938. The end of the Ottoman Empire. A historical photo report. Swan, Kehl 1980, ISBN 3-89434-004-5 , pp. ??.