The Herrenhäuser Allee is a four-row avenue from Linden in the Hanover district of Nordstadt . It is located in the Georgengarten and leads in a straight line with a length of around two kilometers from Königsworther Platz to the library pavilion in the Berggarten . The Herrenhäuser Allee is closed to motor traffic. The western row with its asphalt surface is integrated into the Hanover cycle path network. The remaining rows are equipped with water-bound surfaces. Among other things, pétanque is played on these rows .
At (today's) Königsworther Platz, the road to Nienburg originally forked with two older avenues: the southern path led through the Masch to the Jägerhof (today's street name: Jägerstraße ), the northern path along an avenue that was bent twice on the Maschrand (today partly the Nienburger Straße ). Between these two paths, the horticultural artist Ernst August Charbonnier created the Herrenhäuser Allee for the Duke of Hanover in 1726/27 as a visible connection between the Leineschloss in the city and the summer residence in the Great Garden, which was isolated in the river floodplains of the Leine .
1,300 linden trees were planted in rows on four strips of lawn a total of 100 feet wide. In the middle there was a 60-foot-wide open avenue "The great journey" for the stately carriages and equipages on the gravel main path. Of the two lateral, closed avenues, the eastern one was reserved for riders , the western one was for pedestrians . The avenues were initially fenced in at the sides, and barriers at both ends prevented unwanted entry.
At the same time as Herrenhäuser Allee , Contre- Allee was planted between Herrenhausen Palace and Nienburger Allee .
During the foreign rule , under which the city of Hanover initially suffered from Prussian and then French occupation during the Napoleonic Wars from 1801 to 1813 , Johann Gerhard Helmcke bought all the trees on the avenues in 1805, 1807 or 1810 and saved them from being cut down by the French troops (Hanover honored this patriotic act in 1928 with the Helmcke monument ).
From 1817 to 1820 Georg Ludwig Friedrich Laves built the apartment for the second garden master of the Herrenhausen Gardens , which was later used as a library pavilion , as one of his first major works in Hanover . The building formed the architectural prelude to the Berggarten in a main axis of the Great Garden in Herrenhausen and lay in the visual axis and as the end point of Herrenhäuser Allee .
Also in the 19th century, the meadows and scattered gardens of the aristocracy on the side of the avenue were merged to form the Georgengarten , which now ran through the entire length of the Herrenhäuser Allee. So between 1830 and 1860 the side fencing of the avenues was given up.
In 1856 the lattice gate was erected at the entrance to the avenue by Laves , which Laves had originally created in 1816 for Montbrillant Castle . After Herrenhäuser Allee was shortened several times in the course of the expansion of Königsworther Platz, the entrance gate was also moved back in 1929.
After the end of the Second World War , the avenue was demarcated with barbed wire in 1946 and was used by the British occupying forces to park their large military vehicles. Shortly afterwards, the war - damaged Helmcke memorial was renewed in 1950 by Friedrich Adolf Sötebier, among others . A little later in 1959, the entrance gate of the avenue to the Great Garden was moved.
From 1972 to 1974 the old trees on Herrenhäuser Allee were cut down - for safety reasons and against numerous protests from the townspeople - and only around 1,205 lime trees were replanted. The renovation of Contre-Allee follows in 1998. However, some of the trees originally planted in 1726/27 have survived on Königsworther Platz.
From 2001 to 2007, the reconstructed entrance gate to Herrenhäuser Allee was moved back to the current entrance on Königsworther Platz.
One of the two closed avenues , to the right of it a rentable cab
View in spring towards Königsworther Platz, Villa Simon in the background
Arnold Nöldeke : The art monuments of the city of Hanover , part 2, monuments of the incorporated suburbs , self-published by the provincial administration, Schulzes bookstore, Hanover 1932
- Neudruck Verlag Wenner, Osnabrück 1979, ISBN 3-87898-152-X
- Hinrich Ewert, Holger Horstmann: Restless days in a provincial capital. March 1920 between Königsworther Platz and Herrenhäuser Allee , in Adelheid von Saldern et al. : Everyday life between Hindenburg and Haarmann. Another city guide through Hanover in the 20s , publisher: Geschichtswerkstatt Hannover, Hamburg: VSA-Verlag, 1987, ISBN 3-87975-397-0 , pp. 83-88
- Helmut Knocke : Herrenhäuser Allee. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 288.
- Hugo Thielen , Helmut Knocke: Herrenhäuser Allee. In: Hannover Art and Culture Lexicon , p. 117 u.ö.
- Wolfgang Leonhardt : “Hanoverian stories” / reports from different parts of the city , ed. from the Working Group District History List , Norderstedt: Books on Demand GmbH, 1st edition 209/2010, ISBN 978-3-8391-5437-3 , pp. 256-257, online via Google books
- NN : Herrenhäuser Allee: The almost two kilometer long Herrenhäuser Allee was laid out in 1726 as a connection between the city and the palace on hannover.de
- Brief description at hannover.de
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Helmut Knocke: Herrenhäuser Allee (see literature)
- ↑ NN: Herrenhäuser Allee: The almost two kilometer long Herrenhäuser Allee ... (see web links).
- ^ Klaus Mlynek: Napoleonic Wars Franz. And Prussia. Crew. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , pp. 459f.
- ^ Klaus Mlynek : Helmcke, Johann Gerhard. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 , p. 162 and others, online via Google books
- ↑ 1810. In: Hannover Chronik , p. 111 online .
- ^ Helmut Knocke: Library Pavilion. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover , p. 66.
- ^ See photography by Heinz Koberg in the Stadtlexikon Hannover, p. 288
- ↑ see contemporary articles, for example in the Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung
Coordinates: 52 ° 22 ′ 54.6 " N , 9 ° 42 ′ 59.2" E