Humboldt Gymnasium Leipzig
Gymnasium in Leipzig
|type of school||high school|
|Coordinates||51 ° 19 '48 " N , 12 ° 24' 27" E|
|carrier||City of Leipzig|
|student||930 (school year 18/19)|
|Teachers||77 (school year 18/19)|
|management||Miss Dr. Kathrin Mayer|
The Humboldt-Schule, Gymnasium of the city of Leipzig is a school under municipal sponsorship in the Leipzig district of Reudnitz-Thonberg . It is named after the natural scientist and geographer Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859). The grammar school offers a scientific and an artistic profile.
About 950 pupils are currently attending the grammar school, which consists of two separate buildings.
In 1908, construction began on a school building at Möbiusstrasse 8, which was inaugurated on April 5, 1910. The design and the construction management were in the hands of the city building council Scharenberg and the council architect Czapek. The street-side decorative gables were modeled on the renaissance gable of the meat banks in Reichsstraße 3/5, which at the same time had to give way to the new building of the Städtischer Handelshof exhibition center . Material from it was even used in the school gables.
The V. Realschule (municipal high school with a reform high school in the middle class) moved into the new building . From 1927 this was called the Lessing School .
Around Easter 1920, eight years of schoolchildren who lived in the east of Leipzig were separated from the Leibniz School on Leipzig's Nordplatz and settled in an old elementary school building on Stephaniplatz in Reudnitz as a secondary school in the east . Two years later, this secondary school was given its own building at Oststrasse 27/29 and was renamed the Humboldt School after Alexander von Humboldt in 1927 .
In 1935 the Humboldt School was merged with the Lessing School at their location at Möbiusstrasse 8. However, only the secondary school classes and part of the teaching staff of the Lessing School were taken over. The high school classes were given to the Ostwald School. The school on Möbiusstrasse was now called the Humboldt School. In the building in Oststrasse, a secondary school called " Hans-Schemm-Schule " was established.
In the course of the standardization of the school system, the Humboldt School was converted into a "higher boys' school of the main form" in 1937. There were now 20 classes with 534 students, who were taught from sixth grade to upper prima with a final Abitur.
During the Second World War, from 1943 onwards, some of the students were deployed in the Luftwaffe as anti-aircraft helper . These boys were housed in the flak position south of Leipzig and were briefly instructed by their teachers there on a visiting basis. From January 1945, some of them were even assigned to the Eastern Front near Frankfurt an der Oder.
On December 4, 1943, there was a heavy bombing raid on Leipzig , which also badly affected the Humboldt School. Four schoolchildren, a teacher and the caretaker, who were assigned to night air raid duty, prevented major damage by extinguishing the fires caused by incendiary bombs in the attic. They couldn't save the gym, it burned out.
In March 1945, the school service was stopped and the school building was converted into a military hospital and hospital.
School operations resumed on October 1, 1945. The destroyed former Hans-Schemm-Schule in Oststraße was combined with the Humboldtschule in the building in Möbiusstraße. This was the first time that girls came to the Humboldt School, which until then had been a school for boys. The young predominated for a few years. In 1954 an all-boys class reached the Abitur.
In 1946 the “ Law for the Democratization of German Schools ” was passed in the Soviet occupation zone , which formed the basis for the single school dominated by the SED in a centralized school system. All teachers of the NSDAP had been members or any of its organizations were dismissed and new teachers replaced. The school structure now consisted of an eight-grade elementary school, which, if the students were admitted, was followed by a four-grade high school. The Humboldt School was also given a primary and a high school section with two directors, two offices, etc., whereby the neighboring school building on the same property was also used.
On September 1, 1958, the Humboldtoberschule was merged with the Nikolaischule from Heinrichstraße to form a high school in Möbiusstraße 8. At that time the school had 536 students in 18 classes. The teaching staff comprised 30 full-time teachers, one part-time employee and one full-time FDJ secretary. In order to be able to accommodate the 18 classes, the Humboldt Elementary School was closed and distributed to neighboring elementary schools.
In 1959, with the law on the socialist development of the school system in the German Democratic Republic, the elementary school was replaced by the ten-class Polytechnic Oberschule (POS). The transition to high school continued after the eighth grade. The high school was now called the Extended High School (EOS); from the Humboldt High School which was Advanced secondary school (EOS) Humboldt .
1992 – today
The 27th POS "Kurt Günther" (named after Kurt Günther (1895-1940), LVZ editor, Nazi opponent and victim) existed in the western of the two main buildings until 1992 as one of the few schools in which from the 3rd Russian was taught in class ( see: School with Extended Russian Lessons ).
The POS building became a primary school after 1992, which fell victim to the school closings due to declining birth rates after reunification, whereupon the Humboldt-Gymnasium received the entire building for use.
In 2003 it was merged with the Felix-Klein-Gymnasium. Its building was initially retained as a secondary location, but was closed for the 2006/2007 school year.
In 2006 the school successfully tested the all-day school for lower secondary level and block teaching, with two hours of the same subject being carried out in a row.
In the scientific profile, the students deepen their skills in interdisciplinary thinking and working, develop communication and problem-solving skills, and acquire skills in the application of technical and experimental methodology.
In the artistic profile , students expand and deepen their knowledge and skills based on the subjects of performing games, music and art, but above all their aesthetic, artistic and cultural practice.
The following foreign languages are taught at the Humboldt School:
As the first foreign language from grade 5:
As a second foreign language from grade 6:
- French (possibility to prepare for the DELF certificate)
In addition to the usual foreign language classes, the Humboldt School is increasingly offering afternoon classes in the native language for children with a migration background.
Outside of class
The school library, which has existed since 1991, is the first of its kind at a Leipzig grammar school. It has an extensive inventory of specialist literature and fiction for students of all grades. With 35 workstations and ten computer workstations with internet access, the library offers enough space for an entire class or a course and is often and often used by students and teachers in specialist classes as well as in free work, in free periods, breaks or during project days.
The student council is actively involved in the school organization. The student representatives have at least one weekly meeting with the school management and meet every one to two months with all class representatives; they call a general assembly at least twice during the school year.
The so-called school club is the most important continuous working group of the student council. This consists of the student representatives and other permanent employees from all years, as well as the acting liaison teacher. The school club organizes, among other things, school festivals and provides essential impulses for school life.
The youth choir of the Humboldt School Leipzig was formed in the school year 1987/88. The choir's repertoire includes a cappella choral music from various eras. Above all, the cooperation with the youth chamber orchestra "musica viva" offers the choir the chance to perform choral symphonic music, for example the Mass in F major by Joseph Haydn or cantatas by other composers. Concert tours led to Argentina and Switzerland, among others. The choir's first CD recording was made in the 1994/1995 school year, when Mozart's Requiem was performed in Leipzig's Lukaskirche in co-production with the West Saxon Philharmonic and several soloists . The youth choir no longer exists in this form.
The school conducts student exchanges with partner institutions in different countries.
In order to offer conflict strategies, students are trained as so-called mediators. They are there for classmates who can turn to them as mediator in the event of a conflict. The Humboldt School relies on these so-called peer educators - young people who are trained to advise their age group - because experience has shown that many disputes can be resolved more democratically and sustainably without adults.
School without racism - school with courage
Since March 8, 2003 the Humboldt-Gymnasium Leipzig has been a member of the largest German school network Schools without Racism - Schools with Courage . The students and teachers commit themselves to take active action against racism and to promote human rights education with appropriate projects and student- specific activities .
The Humboldt-Gymnasium eV association exists at the Humboldt-Schule. Its purpose is to provide ideal and material support for the Humboldt-Gymnasium's school work. This is done in particular through the effort to obtain funding and other financial resources to be raised, which, like the annual fees of the association members , can be used to promote the school's tasks by the board of directors by resolution of the general meeting in consultation with the school conference .
The members of the association can also support the Humboldt School in its content-related work. They also pay attention to equal opportunities for all children and young people while maintaining their individuality.
- Wolfram Behrendt - doctor, director of the ENT University Clinic Leipzig
- Katharina Bendixen (* 1981) - author
- Wolfgang Bock (1935–2008) - neurosurgeon, director of the neurosurgical university clinic in Düsseldorf
- Christoph Göbel - composer
- Bruno Griesel - painter, draftsman and printmaker
- Beate Hanspach - dramaturge
- Susanne Heinrich - writer
- Gerhard Helbig - Germanist, founding father of the first chair in the entire German-speaking area for German as a foreign language at the Herder Institute in Leipzig
- Manfred Kobuch - historian
- Heinz Lohse - mathematician and educationalist, initiator and main author of the commemorative publication for the 100th anniversary of the school building (see under literature)
- Artur Lösche - physicist, founder of the Leipzig School of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy at the University of Leipzig
- René Meyer - journalist and author, curator of the House of Computer Games
- Rudolf Münze - chemist, member of the Academy of Sciences of the GDR
- Horst Schumann - mathematician, director of the mathematics section of Karl Marx University Leipzig
- Rudolf Skoda - architect of the New Gewandhaus Leipzig
- Johannes Wenzel - Germanist, Director of the Herder Institute Leipzig
- Eberhard Zeidler - mathematician, first managing director of the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Natural Sciences in Leipzig
- List of Alexander von Humboldt schools
- List of Humboldt schools
- ↑ school management. In: www.sachsen.schule. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .
- ↑ https://www.schule.sachsen.de/1796.htm
- ↑ https://www.schule.sachsen.de/lpdb/web/downloads/2236_lp_gy_schulspecific_Profil_2018.pdf?v2
- ↑ https://www.schule.sachsen.de/lpdb/web/downloads/2236_lp_gy_schulspecific_Profil_2018.pdf?v2
- ↑ School flyer of the Humboldt School
- ^ Entry of the Humboldt-Gymnasium Leipzig at the SOR-SMC federal coordination
- ↑ Statutes of the Humboldt-Gymnasium e. V.
- Heinz Lohse et al: The Humboldt School through the ages - On the 100-year history of a Leipzig high school, Part 1 1910–1960. 3rd, revised. and exp. Edition, Leipzig 2011, DNB 102528447X .