Jaworzyna Śląska

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Jaworzyna Śląska
Coat of arms Jaworzyna Śląska (new)
Jaworzyna Śląska (Poland)
Jaworzyna Śląska
Jaworzyna Śląska
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Lower Silesia
Powiat : Świdnica
Gmina : Jaworzyna Śląska
Area : 4.34  km²
Geographic location : 50 ° 55 '  N , 16 ° 26'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 55 '0 "  N , 16 ° 26' 0"  E
Height : 220 m npm
Residents : 5185 (Dec. 31, 2016)
Postal code : 58,140
Telephone code : (+48) 74
License plate : DSW
Economy and Transport
Street : Wroclaw - Jelenia Góra
Rail route : Wrocław – Wałbrzych
Świdnica – Legnica
Next international airport : Wroclaw
Website : www.jaworzyna.net

Jaworzyna Śląska [ javɔ'ʒɨna 'ɕlõska ] ( German royal tent ) is a city in Poland and the seat of the municipality of the same name . It lies halfway between Strzegom ( Striegau ) and Świdnica ( Schweidnitz ) in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship and belongs to the Powiat Świdnicki .


When the Breslau – Waldenburg railway line (initially between Breslau and Freiburg in Silesia ) was built in 1843 , the important cities of Striegau and Schweidnitz were ten kilometers off the route. To connect these cities, a cross connection (which later became part of the Kattowitz – Liegnitz railway ) was built, which crossed the main line in the fields of the village of Bunzelwitz . A train station was created around which a railway settlement quickly developed .

It was named Königszelt in memory of the Bunzelwitz camp, where Frederick II's tent stood there in 1761 during the Seven Years' War . There, in Bunzelwitz, the king concluded the first Prussian-Ottoman alliance, which of course remained ineffective.

Königszelt developed into a railway junction . In 1853 the route from Freiburg to Waldenburg was continued, in 1855 the Schweidnitz route was extended to Reichenbach in the Eulengebirge and in 1863 to Neisse . The Striegau route was opened in 1856, the railway line via Striegau and Jauer to Liegnitz . The excellent transport connections for the time favored the establishment of the Königszelt porcelain factory in 1860 , which in 1886 formed a public limited company. The Karolina company, which continued to be active beyond 1945, is one of the three largest still producing companies of this type in Silesia.

Until 1945 Königszelt belonged to the district of Schweidnitz . As a result of the Second World War , it fell to Poland in 1945 together with almost all of Silesia and was renamed Jaworzyna Śląska . The German population was expelled.

In 1954 Jaworzyna Śląska received town charter and the area of ​​the town increased by 1.34 km² to almost 4 km². 1975-1998 Jaworzyna Śląska belonged to the Wałbrzych Voivodeship ( German  Waldenburg ). Since the administrative reform in 1999 it has belonged to the Powiat Świdnicki .


The Muzeum Przemysłu i Kolejnictwa na Śląsku ( German  Museum of Industry and Railways in Silesia ) commemorates the city's time as a railway junction.

Population development

  • 1885: 1,382 inhabitants
  • 1905: 3.335
  • 1939: 3.866
  • 1961: 5.206
  • 1970: 5,379
  • 2013: 5,226

Twin cities


Jaworzyna Śląska is the administrative seat of Gmina Jaworzyna Śląska ( Polish: gmina miejsko-wiejskade / town and country municipality ) with the town of Jaworzyna Śląskaden itself and the localities:

sons and daughters of the town


Web links

Commons : Jaworzyna Śląska  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. About us. Aim and mission of the Industry and Railway Museum in Silesia. Retrieved October 7, 2016 .