from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kutno coat of arms
Kutno (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Łódź
Powiat : Kutno
Area : 33.60  km²
Geographic location : 52 ° 14 ′  N , 19 ° 22 ′  E Coordinates: 52 ° 14 ′ 0 ″  N , 19 ° 22 ′ 0 ″  E
Residents : 44,033
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 99-300 to 99-302
Telephone code : (+48) 24
License plate : EKU
Economy and Transport
Street : Warsaw - Poznan
Łódź - Plock
Rail route : Warsaw – Poznan
Kutno – Toruń
Kutno – Sierpc
Next international airport : Warsaw Airport
Gminatype: Borough
Surface: 33.60 km²
Residents: 44,033
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1311 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 1002011
Administration (as of 2015)
City President : Zbigniew Burzyński
Address: pl. Piłsudskiego 18
99-300 Kutno
Website : www.um.kutno.pl

Kutno is a city in central Poland with almost 45,000 inhabitants. Kutno is a county seat in the Łódź Voivodeship .


Kutno Ghetto

The first written mention of the place comes from the year 1301, however, it is assumed that Kutno was founded in the 12th century. The city charter was granted in 1432. In the years 1626–1629 the area around the city was devastated in a war between Poland and Sweden . This caused Kutno's economic decline.

In 1809, General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski took up residence in Kutno, the town's population at that time was just over 2,000. In 1827 there were 4,620 inhabitants. In 1862 the railway line from Bydgoszcz to Warsaw , running through the city, was opened.

At the beginning of the Second World War , an offensive by the Polish army under General Tadeusz Kutrzeba against the German army took place near Kutno from 9 to 19 September 1939 . This offensive is known today as the Battle of the Bzura . After the annexation of western Poland, Kutno belonged to the Reichsgau Wartheland and was the seat of the German district of Kutno from 1939 to 1945 . In 1945 Gustav Kilian became the city's mayor for a short time. At the end of the war the city became part of Poland again.

local community

Kutno Town Hall


The city of Kutno forms an independent municipality ( gmina miejska ).

Rural community

The rural community ( gmina wiejska ) Kutno has an area of ​​122.31 km². 31 localities with a Schulzenamt belong to it .


The most important industrial companies in the city include Teva Kutno SA , Fresenius-Kabi SA and Polfarmex SA , which belong to the pharmaceutical industry. POLMOS SA is active in the food industry, Kofola SA is a major beverage manufacturer, Polsad - Renault Trucks and AMZ-Kutno are active in vehicle construction. There is also a branch of the Kellogg Company here , where, among other things, Pringles chips are manufactured for the European market. There is also the IDEAL bicycle factory and a subsidiary of BASF .

At the European route 30 in Kutno there is an industrial area which is part of the Special Economic Zone Łódź ( Łódzka Specjalna Strefa Ekonomiczna ). The site has an area of ​​40.66 hectares and offers tax breaks for investors.


railway station

Kutno is a railway junction on the Warszawa – Poznań railway line . Here route 16 branches off to Łódź, route 18 via Bydgoszcz to Piła and route 33 to Brodnica .

DK 60 (Łęczyca - Kutno - Płock - Ostrów Mazowiecka), DK 92 (Rzepin - Świebodzin - Miedzichowo - Poznań - Konin - Kutno - Łowicz - Warszawa) and DW 702 (Kutno - Piątek - Zgierz) continue through the village. .

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Kutno  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. ^ City website, Prezydent Miasta , accessed March 11, 2015
  3. Website of the special economic zone  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.sse.lodz.pl