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district of Ludwigshafen
DEU Ludwigshafen COA.svg
coat of arms map
coat of arms Location in Ludwigshafen
Area : 5.2 km²
Residents : 9314
Population density : 1869 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 67069

Oppau is a district of Ludwigshafen am Rhein , in which BASF opened another plant in 1913. As a result, the farming village became an industrial community, which was united with the community of Edigheim in 1928 and received town charter in 1929 . In 1938 Oppau was incorporated into Ludwigshafen.


Precipitation diagram 1961–1990

The annual precipitation is 550 mm. The rainfall is low. They are in the lower quarter of the values ​​recorded in Germany. Lower values ​​are registered at 11 percent of the measuring stations of the German Weather Service . The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June. In June there is 2.4 times more rainfall than in February. The rainfall varies greatly. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at 70 percent of the measuring stations.


Oppau was mentioned on June 10, 808 in a document of the Lorsch Codex on the occasion of a donation to the Lorsch Monastery as Opfowa or Opphowa . Later name variants are Oppaw, Opphauus and Oppawin.

On April 1, 1928, the previously independent community of Edigheim was incorporated and in 1929 Oppau was elevated to town. In 1938 Oppau was incorporated into Ludwigshafen.

Charlotte Klamroth lived in Oppau, who was briefly the oldest person in Germany in 2015.


Oppau plant after the 1921 explosion

In 1914, a plant for the production of saltpeter (camouflage name : white salt factory ) was built in Oppau in great haste and put into operation on February 9, 1915. Saltpetre is essential for the manufacture of explosives . In 1915, a contact furnace that was tested with compressed air exploded, destroyed the factory hall and killed seven employees.

561 people died in the explosion of the nitrogen works in Oppau on September 21, 1921 in the northern part of the BASF plant. This chemical accident is considered the greatest industrial catastrophe in German history. From 1922 to 1925, the architect Prof. Albert Boßlet was in charge of the rebuilding of the destroyed Oppau.

207 people died in the tank car explosion at BASF on July 29, 1948, including numerous foreign workers . The detonation shattered numerous window panes in Oppau.

On October 23, 2014 there was an explosion in Edigheim (district in the Oppau district) while work was being carried out on a 67- bar pressure gas line, which caused a 200-meter high jet flame in a residential area. 26 people were injured and a construction worker died on November 12th. In addition to the injured, there was numerous property damage to houses, cars and streets within a radius of around 300 meters. Some residential buildings became uninhabitable. There was a crude oil pipe and a fiber optic pipe next to the gas pipe . The laid fiber-optic cables were also damaged in the explosion, as a result of which the telephone connections in the northern districts of Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Frankenthal and Worms failed.


Local advisory board

The political body for the local district (which also includes Edigheim and Pfingstweide ) is the Oppau local council and the local councilor . The local council has 15 members. He can be heard on all important questions relating to the local district.

For the composition of the local council, see the results of the local elections in Ludwigshafen am Rhein .


The mayor of Oppau is Frank Meier (SPD). In a runoff election on June 16, 2019, he prevailed with 62.92% of the vote. This election became necessary after none of the original three applicants achieved the necessary majority in the local elections on May 26, 2019 . Meier is the successor to Udo Scheuermann (SPD), who had not run again after more than 25 years in office.


A partnership initiated by BASF has existed since 1998 between Oppau and the French municipality of Breuil-le-Sec , in which a BASF plant is located. In 2008 the square in front of the Oppau town hall was named after Breuil-le-Sec.

Cultural monuments

Karl Otto Braun Museum

Fur sewing machine in the museum

The teacher and local researcher Karl-Otto Braun (1873–1953) founded a local history museum in which, in addition to documentation of the local history, a geological-paleontological and archaeological collection, living rooms and facilities of bourgeois and rural living culture as well as agricultural equipment can be seen. The Karl Otto Braun Museum, local history museum for Oppau, Edigheim and Pfingstweide, is located in the Oppau town hall, Edigheimer Straße 26. It is open on Sundays from 10:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.


From 1891 to 1939 Oppau had a rail connection with the narrow-gauge Frankenthal – Großkarlbach local railway to Frankenthal and then via tram tracks to downtown Ludwigshafen. At the end of 1938 the renaming of the Oppau train station to Ludwigshafen-Oppau had been decreed for the timetable change in May 1939, but on May 14, 1939 the traffic was stopped.


  • PBC Red Lion Oppau (Billiards Club)
  • Modern wind orchestra "Kurpfalz" 1956
  • Turnerbund 1889 Oppau
  • BSC 1914 Oppau
  • DJK SG 1919 Oppau
  • 1. TTC 1948 Oppau
  • Young Choir TakeFour - Singer Land Oppau 2005
  • DRK local association Oppau-Edigheim-Pfingstweide
  • Tennis-Club Ludwigshafen-Oppau
  • Singer Association Oppau 1900
  • Rabbit Breeding Association P52 Oppau
  • NaturFreunde Oppau / Edigheim
  • Liederkranz 1843 Oppau
  • Association for the promotion of the Karl Otto Braun Museum eV
  • Association for Sport and Body Care 1900 eV


  • City archive of the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Stefan Mörz , Klaus Jürgen Becker (eds.): History of the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein: Vol. 1. From the beginnings to the end of the First World War . Ludwigshafen am Rhein 2003, ISBN 3-924667-35-7 .
  • Christian Haller: The explosion at BASF on September 21, 1921. Disaster perception and processing in the press, politics and experts. In: Zeitschrift für die Geschichte des Oberrheins, 161, 2013, pp. 325–375.

Web links

Commons : Ludwigshafen-Oppau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Oppau district pass ( Memento from February 23, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Würzburg, State Archives, "Codex Laureshamensis" - Lorsch, approx. 4th quarter of the 12th century.
  3. Minst, Karl Josef [trans.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 2), Certificate 597, June 10, 808 - Reg. 2984. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 216 , accessed on March 12, 2016 .
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 463 .
  5. Ludwigshafenerin is now the oldest German. ( Memento from February 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Stuttgarter Zeitung, February 24, 2015
  6. ↑ The oldest German died at the age of 111., May 19, 2015
  7. Hans-Erhard Lessing / FAS February 8, 2015 (p. 52): Until nature bowed
  8. ^ After a gas explosion in Ludwigshafen: second construction worker died. Verlagsgruppe Rhein Main , November 13, 2014, accessed on November 13, 2014 .
  9. ^ Explosion in Ludwigshafen: One dead and numerous injured on from October 23, 2014
  10. ^ After the gas explosion in Ludwigshafen: Devastating explosion in Ludwigshafen - police report new gas leak. Focus , October 23, 2014, accessed October 23, 2014 .
  11. ^ Ludwigshafen: Injured and one dead in the explosion in Oppau. (No longer available online.) Die Rheinpfalz , October 23, 2014, archived from the original on September 24, 2015 ; accessed on October 23, 2014 .
  12. ^ City of Ludwigshafen am Rhein: Main statute for the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein. § 2, main statute of July 22nd, 1974, last amended by statute of May 15th, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019 .
  13. ^ The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. Ludwigshafen, see fourth row of results. Retrieved October 10, 2019 .
  14. ^ Oppau Info: Oppau: New mayor sworn in. June 26, 2019, accessed October 10, 2019 .
  16. ^ City of Ludwigshafen
  17. Deutsche Reichsbahn-Gesellschaft (Ed.): Official Gazette of the Reichsbahndirektion Mainz of December 31, 1938, No. 61. Announcement No. 834, p. 388.

Coordinates: 49 ° 31 ′ 12 ″  N , 8 ° 24 ′ 7 ″  E