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Marstal coat of arms
Marstal (Denmark)
Basic data
State : DenmarkDenmark Denmark
Region : Syddanmark
(since 2006) :
Municipality / Office :
(until the end of 2005)
Marstal Commune
Fyns Office
Harde / Amt:
(until March 1970)
Ærø Herred
Svendborg Office
Sogn : Marstal Sogn
Coordinates : 54 ° 51 ′  N , 10 ° 31 ′  E Coordinates: 54 ° 51 ′  N , 10 ° 31 ′  E
Population :
Postal code : 5960 Marstal
Sister cities : GermanyGermany Elsfleth (1999-2014)
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Marstal is a port city on the southeastern tip of the Danish island of Ærø . On January 1, 2020, 2111 inhabitants lived in Marstal.

The city forms its own parish municipality ( Danish : Sogn ) Marstal Sogn and belongs to the Ærø municipality in the Syddanmark region . Like all Ærø which own - until 1864 the city belonged Harde Ærø Herred made - to Nordborg Office of the Duchy of Schleswig , then to the Danish administrative reform from 1970 to Svendborg County . Through this, Marstal became the administrative seat of the independent Marstal municipality in what was then Fyns Amt , until it was merged with the neighboring municipality of Ærøskøbing municipality to form Ærø municipality on January 1, 2006 before the Danish administrative reform of 2007 .

Town twinning

Marstal is a port city and houses a nautical school . Because of this common ground, among other things, a town partnership with Elsfleth in Lower Saxony was decided on January 13, 1999 .

In 2006 the island's independent municipalities were merged into a single administrative unit, the municipality of Ærø . The town twinning was therefore converted into a town twinning with the new municipality of Ærø on May 11, 2007 with retroactive effect from January 1, 2006. At the end of 2014 this twinning was canceled by the Danish side.


The Maritime Museum in Marstal

From approx. 1860 to the 1920s, the Marstaler shipowners owned the second largest shipping association of the Danish merchant fleet after Copenhagen ; 300 large sailing ships had their home port here . From 2008 to 2012, the schooner Bonavista was restored on behalf of the Danish National Museum on Eriksens Plads in Marstal, where ships have been built and launched since 1855 . The work could be followed from a visitor platform. Information boards provided information about the process. Today the Bonavista has her berth on the quay next door. On the Eriksens Plads was subsequently the ribs skeleton of Bonavista rebuilt, again viewed by interested parties.

The Marstaler Maritime Museum, founded in 1929 as a collection in a ship's shop and the neighboring packing house, documents the development of shipping, especially in Denmark, in extensive collections with original artifacts - ship models and portraits / photos, ships in bottles , seaman's boxes , etc. After including neighboring properties, the museum now has over 30 exhibition rooms, including a sailing and rope-making workshop in the attic of one of the buildings and a navigation room with nautical charts, sextants , octants and handwritten navigation books.


One of the most important historical buildings is the church, built in 1738 and expanded in 1772, which was only given a tower in 1920 on the occasion of the reunification of North Schleswig with Denmark as a result of the First World War . In the church there is a medieval baptismal font , an altarpiece of Greenland - and marine painter Carl Rasmussen (1841-1893) and a Frobenius - organ of the 1,973th

Economy and Transport

Beginning in the 1990s, a large solar thermal system including seasonal heat storage was installed in Marstal in several construction steps , which supplies the Marstal heating network with solar district heating . By 2012 this system had been expanded to a thermal output of a good 23 MW. In addition, there are also biomass boilers and a central heat pump heating system on site , so that the heating network is completely supplied with renewable heat . For a few years, this solar thermal open-space system was the largest system of this type in Europe.

Marstal was connected to Rudkøbing on Langeland by a ferry . This connection was discontinued on January 21, 2013.

sons and daughters of the town

In the literature

Carsten Jensen's novel Vi, de druknede (German: We Drowned ) from 2006 tells the story of Marstal from the battle in Eckernförde to the end of the Second World War - representative of the history of modern Denmark .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
  2. ^ Town twinning. City of Elsfleth, archived from the original on January 23, 2012 ; accessed on August 5, 2017 .
  3. Ærø, Elsfleth announces the town twinning., accessed on August 5, 2017 .
  4. a b c d e Free brochure Maritime Experiences 2016. Course on the coast of Funen. P. 45 (circulation: 45,000; editorial deadline 6 February 2015) by Maritimt Center Danmark / SvendborgEvent,
  5. Viktor Wesselak , Thomas Schabbach , Thomas Link, Joachim Fischer: Handbuch Regenerative Energietechnik , Berlin / Heidelberg 2017, p. 419f.
  6. Volker Quaschning , Regenerative Energy Systems. Technology - calculation - simulation . 8th updated edition. Munich 2013, p. 101.
  7. Ferry News 12/2012 - Ferry connection Rudkøbing (Langeland) - Marstal (Ærø) is closed. ( Memento of the original from March 18, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed March 15, 2013
  8. Carsten Jensen : We drowned . 1st edition. Knaus, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-8135-0301-2 (Danish: Vi, de druknede . Translated by Ulrich Sonnenberg).

Web links

Commons : Marstal  - collection of images, videos and audio files