from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ærø municipality
Ærø municipality
Waters Baltic Sea
Archipelago Danish South Seas
Geographical location 54 ° 52 '  N , 10 ° 24'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 52 '  N , 10 ° 24'  E
Location of Ærø
length 30 km
width 6 km
surface 88 km²
Residents 5956 (January 1, 2020)
68 inhabitants / km²
main place Marstal
Map from 1665
Map from 1665

Ærø (pronounced Aero , from Danish AER " Maple " and Ø "island", so literally Maple Island , German Arroe), not to be confused with Årø , is a Baltic Sea island and a large community of Denmark with 5,956 inhabitants (1 January 2020). It belongs to the administrative district Region Syddanmark .

Ærø is marketed as particularly “ hyggelig ” in the tourism industry , meaning “particularly idyllic” and “typically Danish”.


Ærø is about 30 km long and up to 6 km wide and covers an area of ​​88 square kilometers. The island is located at the southern entrance to the Little Belt and is surrounded by Fyn (Danish Fyn ) in the north, Langeland in the east, Schleswig-Holstein in the south and Alsen ( Als ) in the west.

While the north-west of the island is lively hilly terrain (Synneshøj, 68 m), the south part is characterized by a gently sloping ridge to the south-west. Beach hooks are formed on the northeast coast , while a cliff coast has formed in the southwest near Voderup.

There are three small port towns, 14 villages and numerous individual farms on the island.

Bent landscape of the island Inselrø, here in the southeast.
House in Ommel


Marstal in the east is an important port and largest town . Here the port with its shipping companies, shipyards and the nautical school is dominant. The historical center is the picturesque town of Ærøskøbing with its narrow streets and listed half-timbered houses from the 18th century. The “fairytale city” has had city rights since 1522. Today Søby is the economic center and fishing port on the northern tip of the island. The peace bench by the sculptor Erik Brandt is located near the central town of Olde on the highest point of the island . It should invite people to think about world peace while looking over this island and the sea .

Transport and technology

Like Samsø, Ærø is one of the larger Danish islands in the Baltic Sea that is not connected to the outside world by a bridge. As a result, there is no through traffic and road traffic is limited.

There are car ferry connections to Als and Funen. Ærø is located in the popular sailing area of ​​the so-called Danish South Seas ( Sydfynske øhav ).

The journey from Germany takes place via the A7 (or the train) to Flensburg and from there via Sønderborg to Fynshav on the island of Alsen . From here the municipal shipping company Ærøfærgerne takes the Ellen ferry . The journey time is 60 minutes.

In addition to the route from Fynshav, Ærøfærgerne operates two other routes between Ærø and Fyn : from Faaborg to Søby and from Svendborg to Ærøskøbing. The connection between Marstal and Rudkøbing on Langeland was closed on January 21, 2013. Until the end of the butter trips in 1999, the Fair Lady transported passengers and bicycles between Kiel and Marstal.

According to the company, Ærø has the largest solar energy system (heat) in the world with an area of ​​18,365 m². It covers a third of the heating requirements of the largest city, Marstal (over 2,000 inhabitants).

A railway connection with the help of railway ferries existed from 1931 to 1995 (see Railway on Ærø ).

The electricity tax for ships over 500 tons has been waived. An electrically powered ferry powered by batteries is currently being developed for the island. The commissioning of the first of a further 3 ferries was planned for November 2017 for the journey from Fynshav on the mainland 10.7 nm to the island. A 4.2 MWh Li-Ion battery (G / NMC) and 3.9 MW charging capacity is planned; the project is funded by EU Horizon 2020 . The ship batteries are to be supplied by Leclanché (CH).

In August 2019 the Ellen , allegedly the largest fully electric ferry, started its ferry service between the southern Danish ports of Fynshav ( Als) and Søby (Ærø). It has a 4.3 MWh battery and can carry 200 passengers and 30 cars.


The Ærø airfield ( Danish Ærø Flyveplads ; ICAO code EKAE ) is located near Marstal and has a 789 meter long runway made of grass. However, this grass runway serves rø visitors more as a starting point for sightseeing flights over the South Funen archipelago. There is also a helipad at the airfield .


There are archaeological finds that prove a settlement over 10,000 years. There are several megalithic tombs in the southeast of the island . These include a passage grave at Kragnæs and long dolmen of Lindsbjerg Bakke, Risemark and Tingstedet . As the name suggests, the latter is said to have been a thing site .

Søby Volde, ramparts from the 12th century.

As early as the 14th century, Ærø was connected to the Duchy of Schleswig and became it for good after King Erik of Pomerania had to give up his last Schleswig possessions.

The unofficial flag of Ærø goes back to a ducal banner from the 17th century.

Little is known about the local history until the 16th century. It is not even known for sure whether the former town of Vysbye is identical to Ærøskøbing , although this is very likely. Several monasteries on the island of Fyn ( Funen in German  ) and some noble estates from Schleswig had possessions on the island. Only one independent Ludsgaard estate is known.

The country's divisions of the Duchy of Schleswig of 1490, 1523 and 1544 Ærø remained at the royal Danish share, however, was in 1564 the brother of King Frederick II. , The younger Johann left. He bought all the grit on the island and merged the area into three large fiefdoms, which were named after the main estates Söbygaard, Gravenstein and Gottesgabe. After the death of the duke, the island passed to his eldest son Christian and was henceforth an independent duchy, which remained subordinate to the Schleswig rulers, like the entire Sonderburger property since 1564, since the estates did not want to tolerate another ruler .

In 1629 a fire destroyed the island metropolis Ærøskøbing. Otherwise Ærø was spared from devastation.

In 1633 Duke Christian died and his four brothers divided the island. The Gravenstein fiefdom had meanwhile been divided, so that with Vodrup a fourth district was created. Since the Sonderburger and the Plön dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Plön sold their possessions to their brothers from Norburg and Glücksburg , the island was now divided into three parts, as the former owned Söbygaard in the north and God's gift with Marstal in the south, the latter in the middle. From 1676 to 1729 the first two parts mentioned belonged to the new Duchy of Norburg-Plön and became royal after its end. In 1749 the duke of Glücksburg sold his property to the king.

In 1773 the island was combined in an administrative unit that belonged to the Norburg office , but as a landscape had a status similar to that of the North Sea islands of Sylt and Osterland- Föhr . In contrast to the other cities of Schleswig, Ærøskøbing had to submit to the regional jurisdiction. Until 1864 Ærø belonged to the Duchy of Schleswig . In the border regulation in the Peace of Vienna , it went directly to the Kingdom of Denmark.

After solving the Duchy of Schleswig and the integration into the Kingdom was Ærø part of Svendborg County that the southern part of Fyn ( German  Funen ) and the southern islands included. As is customary in Denmark, the parish communities ( Danish : Sogn ) were responsible for rural local government. Søby Sogn , Tranderup Sogn , Rise Sogn , Bregninge Sogn , Marstal Sogn and Ærøskøbing Sogn made up the rural communities, while the town of Ærøskøbing and the Flecken (a Schleswig-Holstein form of commune, which corresponds to the Handelsplads in the kingdom ) Marstal retained their special status. In legal and ecclesiastical terms, the island as a whole was given the status of Harde ( Ærø Herred ).

In the following years, ørø had to struggle with its border location, as the historical connections across the Little Belt had become very difficult and the island was in an uncomfortable peripheral location with respect to Funen and the rest of Denmark. The Marstal trading post, which had been important until then, was hit hard.

During the administrative reform in 1970 , the Marstal area merged with the rural parish to form the Marstal municipality , while the other island municipalities were merged to form Ærøskøbing municipality . Both municipalities became part of the new Fyns Amt based in Odense . At the beginning of 2006, one year before the Danish municipal reform on January 1, 2007 , the two municipalities merged to form Ærø Kommune , which one year later became part of the new region of Syddanmark with the municipal reform .

A more recent important date is the year 2000, in which a citizens' movement of the islanders saved the maritime school in Marstal from being closed. The landscape, a lighthouse, two museums, a few mills, village churches (Rise from the 12th century is the oldest), the Voderup Klint and a trip to the island of Birkholm promote Ærø.

The Danish author Carsten Jensen wrote the book "We Drowned". It tells the story of the residents of Marstal from 1848 to the end of the Second World War . It became a bestseller and has been translated into more than ten languages.


Beach house, Ærø Hale, Marstal

See also

Web links

Commons : Ærø  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b statistics banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BEF4: Folketal pr. January 1st demands på øer (Danish)
  2. Danmarks Statistics : Statistical Yearbook 2009 - Geography and climate, Table 3 Area and population. Regions and inhabited islands (English; PDF; 39 kB).
  3. Suspension of the ferry, last timetable., archived from the original on November 3, 2013 ; Retrieved September 6, 2016 (Danish).
  4. The ferry is discontinued at (Danish) .
  5. New ships: First electric powered ferry to Ærø in 2017 January 7, 2015, accessed November 11, 2017.
  6. E-ferry ferryboat electric, February 25, 2017 accessed 11 November 2017th
  7. Leclanché charges his batteries on, July 2, 2015, accessed November 11, 2017.
  8. Denmark: World's largest electric ferry goes into operation . In: , August 20, 2019. Accessed August 27, 2019.
  9. Ærø Guide 2007 (PDF; 7.7 MB), p. 3.