Neal Town Stephenson (born October 31, 1959 in Fort Meade , Maryland , USA ) is a writer living in Seattle . His experiments with new media such as virtual reality and the World Wide Web are reflected in his science fiction novels . He is therefore one of the main representatives of cyberpunk . The term avatar , meaning animated profiles, goes back to his work Snow Crash .
Neal Stephenson comes from a family of engineers and scientists. His mother worked as a biochemist in a laboratory, his father taught electrical engineering, and his grandfathers were professors of physics and biochemistry. In 1960 the family moved with him to Champaign , Illinois , where he grew up until 1966. He then lived in Ames , Iowa , and graduated from high school there in 1977 . He studied physics first, then geography at Boston University until 1981 .
He worked as a consultant for the private space company Blue Origin , founded by Jeff Bezos , and is co-founder of the software company Subutai Corporation . From December 2014 to June 2020 he was Chief Futurist of the US company Magic Leap .
In Stephenson's books, historical elements are often mixed with futuristic technical fantasies; in The Diamond Age , for example, he portrays a society that makes use of highly developed nanotechnology but pays homage to a Victorian - Puritan role model. Stephenson has been devoting himself to historical material since the late 1990s, but with the sensitivity of a science fiction writer. Like many authors, Stephenson thinks little of strict genre boundaries. Superficially, the Cryptonomicon and the Baroque cycle can be assigned to the genre of the historical novel , but both works are saturated with typical SF motifs.
His novel Snow Crash takes place in an America that is fragmented into innumerable mini-nations that are operated as large corporations' franchises , and that has been completely privatized right down to the police and penal system. An advanced virtual reality system that goes hand in hand with a flourishing hacker culture plays an important role in this . There are further references to Sumerian mythology with its god Enki .
In 1995/1996, Stephenson went on a world tour on behalf of Wired magazine and, as a hacker tourist, explored the technical, economic and historical aspects of laying submarine cables on the basis of the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe project . His essay was published in December 1996 under the title Mother Earth - Mother Board . He brought some of the experiences he made on the trip to his next book.
His Cryptonomicon deals with the topic of cryptography in two timelines (1940s and 1990s) . Here he interweaves the life story of Lawrence Pritchard Waterhouse, a fictional mathematician who was involved in deciphering the " Enigma " during World War II, with the story of his grandson Randy Waterhouse, who wants to build a data port in Southeast Asia . The Riemann ζ function and the Solitaire encryption algorithm designed by Bruce Schneier play a central role in the novel .
The eight novels of the Baroque cycle were published in three volumes, Quicksilver , Confusion and Principia and are set in the mid-17th to early 18th centuries. In several storylines, they tell the stories of the member of the Royal Society Daniel Waterhouse, the schemer Eliza, who rose to the nobility by chance, and the vagabond Jack Shaftoe, and offer an extensive history of the families that also appear in Cryptonomicon . The epoch from 1655 to 1714 is presented by Stephenson with multilayered and detailed researched background knowledge with its religious, political, social, economic, cultural, scientific and technical upheavals on a total of more than 3000 pages in several parallel, interwoven storylines. In particular, the presentation of the development of the modern financial system (global trade, banking and stock exchange) are more than just a novel background and still explain current mechanisms and relationships.
Stephenson posted on the Internet In the Beginning ... Was the Command Line (in German Dictatorship of beautiful appearance. As graphical user interfaces, the computer user incapacitate ), in contrast to his other works, not a novel, but an essay on free software . In particular, the operating systems Mac OS Classic , Linux , Microsoft Windows and BeOS are represented metaphorically.
Reamde ( German Error ) is an action novel that, similar to Cory Doctorow's novel For the Win, takes place against the backdrop of a fictional MMORPG . In Reamde , however, computer games and equipment only serve as a loose framework for an action characterized by detailed action scenes. Unlike his novels such as Snow Crash or Diamond Age, the text hardly contains any visionary or science fiction elements.
Seveneves ( German Amalthea ) describes the survival of mankind after the moon has broken and falls in pieces to the earth, making the earth's surface uninhabitable for thousands of years. Part of humanity is fleeing into space stations, part lives underground and part adapts to life underwater. Most of the novel deals with the almost complete (self) extinction of space refugees. The second part takes place thousands of years later and describes the beginnings of the return of space dwellers to earth and their contact with other groups of people (previously unknown to them). All three groups have grown apart socially and / or biologically.
- The Big U (dt. Big U ) - (1984 ISBN 0-380-81603-2 , English edition)
- Zodiac: The Eco-Thriller ( German Volles Rohr ) - (1988 ISBN 0-553-57386-1 , English edition)
- Snow Crash ( Eng.Snow Crash ) - (1992 ISBN 3-442-45302-X )
- Interface - (1994, as Stephen Bury (with George Jewsbury as J. Frederick George) ISBN 0-553-38343-4 , English edition)
- The Diamond Age (dt. Diamond Age. Die Grenzwelt ) - (1996 ISBN 3-442-45154-X )
- Cobweb - (1998, as Stephen Bury (with George Jewsbury as J. Frederick George) ISBN 0-09-947885-4 , English edition)
- Cryptonomicon (German Cryptonomicon ) - (1999 ISBN 3-442-54193-X )
- Quicksilver: Volume One of the Baroque Cycle (Eng. Quicksilver ) - (2003 ISBN 3-442-54568-4 )
- The Confusion: Volume Two of the Baroque Cycle (German Confusion ) - (2004 ISBN 3-442-54604-4 )
- The System of the World: Volume Three of the Baroque Cycle (German Principia ) - (2004 ISBN 3-442-54607-9 )
- Anathem (German anathem ) - (2008 ISBN 978-3-442-54660-2 )
- Reamde (German Error) - (2011 ISBN 978-3-442-54692-3 )
- Seveneves (German Amalthea) - (2015 ISBN 978-3-442-54762-3 )
- The Rise and Fall of DODO - (2017, (together with Nicole Galland) ISBN 978-3-442-31490-4 )
- Fall, Or Dodge in Hell (German Corvus) - (2019 ISBN 978-3-442-31542-0 )
- Spew (1994)
- The Great Simoleon Caper (1995)
- Jipi and the Paranoid Chip (1997)
- Crunch (1998)
- Atmosphæra Incognita (2013) - (English single edition 2019 by Subterranean Press, ISBN 978-1-59606-919-0 )
Essays and non-fiction books
- Mother Earth - Mother Board .
- In the Beginning… was the Command Line (German: The dictatorship of beautiful appearance, 2002, Goldmann, ISBN 3-442-15177-5 ) - the English original edition was published in 1999 by Avon Books, New York, ISBN 0-380-81593- 1
Prizes and awards
- 1996: Hugo Award and Locus Award , for the novel The Diamond Age
- 2000: Prix Ars Electronica , for In the Beginning… was the Command Line
- 2000: Locus Award, for the novel Cryptonomicon
- 2004: Arthur C. Clarke Award , for the novel Quicksilver
- 2005: Locus Awards, for the novels The Confusion and The System of the World
- 2005: Prometheus Award , for the novel The System of the World
- 2009: Locus Award, for the novel Anathem
- 2016: Kurd-Laßwitz-Preis (“Best Foreign Work”) for the novel Amalthea
- 2016: Prometheus Award, for the novel Seveneves
- 2018: Robert A. Heinlein Award
- Wolfgang Neuhaus : The future as a farce. The science fiction novels by Neal Stephenson. In: Sascha Mamczak , Wolfgang Jeschke (ed.): The Science Fiction Year 2005. Heyne Verlag Munich 2005, ISBN 3-453-52068-8 , pp. 354-375.
- Magic Leap Appoints Author Neal Stephenson as Chief Futurist , December 16, 2014, accessed July 26, 2020.
- Augmented reality giant Magic Leap is closing its Seattle office amid layoffs , May 13, 2020, accessed July 26, 2020.
- Neal Stephenson: Mother Earth Mother Board. In: Wired , December 1996, accessed July 26, 2020.
- Michael Brake: Neal Stephenson's book "Error", The nerd with the X-ray vision. In: Die Tageszeitung , October 16, 2012, accessed on July 26, 2020.
- Kolja Mensing: Gamers and money laundering. Deutschlandradio Kultur , November 1, 2012, accessed on July 26, 2020.
- Randomhouse.de , accessed on April 17, 2020.
- subterraneanpress.com , accessed July 26, 2020.
- Literature by and about Neal Stephenson in the catalog of the German National Library
- Neal Stephenson in the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (English)
- Short biography and reviews of works by Neal Stephenson at perlentaucher.de
- Works by and about Neal Stephenson at Open Library
- Neal Stephenson in the Science Fiction Awards + Database (English)
- Website by Neal Stephenson (English)
- official German language website of Neal Stephenson
- In the Beginning was the Command Line - complete text ( Memento from January 19, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
- The Internet needs filters, not avatars: Neal Stephenson in conversation with Bodo Mrozek ( Memento from April 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Stephenson, Neal Town|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American science fiction writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 31, 1959|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Fort Meade , Maryland , Maryland , USA|