Neuses on the mountain
Neuses on the mountain
City of Dettelbach
|Height :||260 m|
|Incorporation :||May 1, 1978|
|Postal code :||97337|
|Area code :||09324|
Location of Neuses am Berg (bold) in the Dettelbach municipality
The location on a hill above the Main and the fertility of the soil led to a settlement early on - a "new seat". The exposed location above the Mainschleife offers delightful views of the Weininsel , Vogelsburg and the mighty ridge of the Steigerwald with Zabelstein and Schwanberg.
The district of Neuses is part of the Volkacher Mainschleife nature reserve and the Mainaue nature reserve between Sommerach and Köhler . There is also a protected natural monument with the old forest on the western main valley. A so-called “living fence”, also listed as a natural monument, was probably removed after 2006.
Neuses am Berg was founded as a Franconian settlement around the year 700 . The place was first mentioned in 1340. In the Middle Ages, two lords ruled the village for a long time. In addition to the Würzburg prince-bishops, the margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach were wealthy in the village. The margraves (= princes) introduced the Reformation in their area in the 16th century , the Counter Reformation then led to a denominationally divided population.
Early on, as early as 1484, Neuses was part of the Dettelbach office . As early as 1804 it was assigned to the Dettelbach district court . On May 1, 1978, the previously independent community was incorporated into the city of Dettelbach.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “Split by silver and black; in front a red miter, behind a gold patriarchal cross. "|
|Foundation of the coat of arms: Originally, St. Nicholas was depicted on the village seal of the 17th century. He is still the patron saint of the local churches, which is indicated by the miter in the coat of arms. The cross is a reference to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, which is also called the "Holy Cross Church". On the other hand, the tinging in white-red or white-black can be explained by the manorial affiliation of the village in the past: Here the bishopric of Würzburg and the margraves of Ansbach were wealthy.|
Culture and sights
Despite only about 400 inhabitants, Neuses am Berg has two churches (the Catholic Nikolauskirche and the Evangelical Church of St. Nicolai ). The Renaissance town hall is located on the village square . The many renovated wineries in the old town are striking.
For a long time Neuses was connected to the nearby town of Sommerach by a ferry across the Main. The ferry was first mentioned in the 17th century, but the connection was probably much older and went back to an old crossing point . The ferry was abandoned in 1959.
Today Neuses am Berg is a wine-growing area in the Franconian wine-growing region . There is a vineyard around the village, the wine has been marketed under the name Neuseser Glatzen since the 1970s. Neuses is part of the range Volkacher Main loop until 2017, the wineries in area were Maindreieck summarized. The limestone soils around Neuses are also suitable for growing wine, as is the location in the Maingau climate zone, which is one of the warmest in Germany.
The people around Neuses have been involved in viticulture since the early Middle Ages . The Franconian settlers probably brought the vine to the Main in the 7th century. In the Middle Ages, the region was part of the largest contiguous wine-growing region in the Holy Roman Empire. The people mostly operated part-time viticulture for self-sufficiency , at the same time export centers were already emerging, especially along the Main.
Viticulture experienced a major decline after secularization at the beginning of the 19th century. Above all, locations with less favorable climatic conditions were completely abandoned. In addition, the emergence of pests such as phylloxera made cultivation difficult . The Franconian wine-growing region was not able to consolidate again until the second half of the 20th century. The use of fertilizers and improved cultivation methods had contributed to this, as had the organization in cooperatives and the land consolidation of the 1970s.
So Neuses has been shaped by viticulture for centuries. A special expression of this past are the many wineries in the old town with gateways and deep cellars for storing the wine. Today there are a total of six wineries in the small village, which shape village life with their farm festivals. The center of the festival calendar, however, is the Neuses street wine festival in mid-June.
|Vineyard||Size 1993||Size 2004||Compass direction||Slope||Main grape varieties||Great location|
|Bald head||80 ha||70 ha||east||30-60%||Müller-Thurgau , Silvaner||Volkacher Kirchberg|
- Alois Josef Ruckert (1846–1916), teacher and local poet, Ruckert taught at the local Catholic school between 1872 and 1877
- Hans Ambrosi, Bernhard Breuer: German Vinothek: Franconia. Guide to the vineyards, winegrowers and their kitchens . Herford 2 1993.
- Hans Bauer: Old and new coats of arms in the Kitzingen district . In: Yearbook of the district of Kitzingen 1980. In the spell of the Schwanberg . Kitzingen 1980. pp. 53-70.
- Hans Bauer: District of Kitzingen. An art and culture guide . Market wide 1993.
- Bauer, Hans: District of Kitzingen . P. 35.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 748 .
- Bauer, Hans: Old and new coats of arms in the district of Kitzingen . P. 57.
- Ambrosi, Hans (among others): German Vinothek: Franconia . Pp. 50-52.
- Government of Lower Franconia: Vineyards in Bavaria broken down by area , PDF file, accessed on May 16, 2019.
- Ambrosi, Hans (among others): German Vinothek: Franconia . P. 237.