Otto Kimminich

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Otto Kimminich (* 1. April 1932 in Niklasdorf , Czechoslovakia ; † 12. August 1997 in Regensburg ) was a German national and international law . He taught at the Ruhr University Bochum and the University of Regensburg .


After the death of his father in 1939, Kimminich grew up as a half-orphan . After the end of the Second World War he had to leave high school at the age of 13 and learned the profession of confectioner . As part of the expulsion of the Germans from Czechoslovakia , Kimminich and his family came to Erlangen , where he passed his Abitur .

He completed his studies in law and economics at the Universities of Erlangen , Würzburg and Charlottesville, Virginia (USA), where he received a Fulbright scholarship as a Master of Arts in Economics (1954). In 1957 he was awarded a Dr. jur. utr. PhD. He passed the second state examination in law in 1959.

After that was Kimminich Government in the government of Lower Franconia and introduced his part-time and geographically in refugee law, habilitation ( The international legal status of refugees done). In 1961 he completed his habilitation with Hermann Raschhofer at the University of Würzburg and began as a private lecturer . In 1963 he was offered a professorship for international law and constitutional law at the University of Bochum . In 1967 he took over the chair for public law , in particular international law, constitutional law and politics , at the newly established University of Regensburg , which he held until his death. He turned down various calls at the universities of Kiel (1971), Würzburg (1974), Münster (1975) and Innsbruck (1981).

Kimminich worked closely with the Association of Displaced Persons (BdV) and was chairman of its 12-member council of experts until his death. He had close contacts with the Witikobund and the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), and he also wrote for the magazine Mut . He was one of the founding members of the International Institute for Nationality Law and Regionalism (INTEREG) and was a member of the Collegium Carolinum . Kimminich was considered a Catholic conservative .

Kimminich was a member of the Association of German Constitutional Law Teachers and President of the Humanities Class of the Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts . He was co-editor of the following journals: Wissenschaftsrecht , Archiv des Völkerrechts and magazine for immigration law and immigration policy as well as an employee of the Bonn Commentary on the Basic Law . He was also President of the German Nansen Society and the Otto Benecke Foundation .

He has published over 100 books and 700 articles. He also translated sociological and political works from English.

Kimminich was buried in 1997 in the Trinity Mountain Cemetery in Regensburg .


Fonts (selection)

  • Armament and Political Tension. Studies on the problem of international security (=  war and peace . Volume 3). Bertelsmann, Gütersloh 1964.
  • Asylum law (=  democracy and rule of law ). Luchterhand, Berlin a. a. 1968.
  • International Law in the Atomic Age. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and its consequences (=  social science in theory and practice ). Rombach, Freiburg im Breisgau 1969.
  • Humanitarian international law, humanitarian action (= Development and Peace series . Volume 3). Kaiser, Munich 1972, ISBN 3-459-00835-0 .
  • Introduction to Public Law. Methodology, general state theory, social science basics (=  Rombach-Hochschul-Paperback . Volume 36). Rombach, Freiburg im Breisgau 1972, ISBN 3-7930-0956-4 .
  • Human rights. Failure and hope (= Langen-Müller keywords . 9). Langen-Müller, Munich 1973, ISBN 3-7844-1510-5 .
  • Constitutional problems of a new regulation of the contractual basis for the local energy supply . Sigillum Verlag, Cologne 1974, ISBN 3-87750-020-X .
  • Atomrecht (= The Scientific Pocket Book . Re 44). Goldmann, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-442-60044-8 .
  • (Ed.): What are core values? On the problem of their content and their justification (= writings of the Catholic Academy in Bavaria . Volume 80). Patmos Verlag, Düsseldorf 1977, ISBN 3-491-77579-5 .
  • Protection of people in armed conflict. On the further development of humanitarian international law (= development and peace . Volume 20). Kaiser, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-459-01208-0 .
  • The residence of foreigners in the Federal Republic of Germany. Legal basis, beginning and end (= Asylum Law series . Issue 5). Nomos, Baden-Baden 1980, ISBN 3-7890-0590-8 .
  • (Ed.): Subsidiarity and Democracy (= writings of the Catholic Academy in Bavaria . Volume 99). Patmos Verlag, Düsseldorf 1981, ISBN 3-491-77232-X .
  • The protection of municipal companies against confiscatory interference . Heymann, Cologne a. a. 1982, ISBN 3-452-19352-7 .
  • Basic problems of the right of asylum (= income from research . Volume 187). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1983, ISBN 3-534-09114-0 .
  • Legal problems of the polyethical state organization (= series development and peace . Volume 39). Grünewald, Mainz a. a. 1990, ISBN 3-7867-1189-5 .
  • Environmental protection - touchstone of the rule of law (= social perspectives . Volume 2). Veritas, Linz 1987, ISBN 3-85329-608-4 .
  • German constitutional history . 2nd edition, Nomos, Baden-Baden 1987, ISBN 3-7890-1471-0 .
  • Religious freedom as a human right. Investigation of the current state of international law (= series Development and Peace . Volume 52). Grünewald, Mainz a. a. 1990, ISBN 3-7867-1517-3 .
  • The human rights in the peace settlement after the Second World War (= research results of the study group for politics and international law of the cultural foundation of the German expellees . Volume 6). Gebr. Mann, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-7861-1618-0 .
  • Germany and Europe. Historical bases (= research results of the study group for politics and international law of the Cultural Foundation of the German Expellees . Volume 8). Mann, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-7861-1657-1 .
  • The international legal background of the reception and integration of displaced persons and refugees in Bavaria (= The development of Bavaria through the integration of displaced persons and refugees . Volume 1). Iudicium Verlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-89129-042-X .
  • (Ed.): Concise dictionary of environmental law . 2 volumes, 2nd edition, Erich Schmidt, Berlin a. a. 1994, ISBN 3-503-03458-7 .
  • Volume 1: Waste disposal - Moselle .
  • Volume 2: Neighbor Law - Second Registration .


  • Obituary for Otto Kimminich . In: Dieter Blumenwitz , Gilbert Gornig , Dietrich Murswiek (eds.): The accession of the states of East Central Europe to the European Union and the rights of the German ethnic groups and minorities as well as the expellees (= treatises on constitutional and international law by the study group for politics and international law . Volume 16 ). Verlag Wissenschaft und Politik, Cologne 1997, ISBN 3-8046-8838-1 , p. 11 f.
  • Christian Flämig (ed.): Diversity of Science Law. Memorandum for Prof. Dr. Otto Kimminich (= science law . Supplement 13). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 1999, ISBN 3-16-147134-2 .
  • Andreas Hoyer (Ed.): Science as a decision criterion. Otto Kimminich in memory . Nomos, Baden-Baden 2000, ISBN 3-7890-6459-9 .
  • Hartmut Krüger : Otto Kimminich [obituary] . In: Neue Juristische Wochenschrift (NJW) 1997, p. 3075 f.
  • Lora Wildenthal: The language of human rights in West Germany . University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 2013, ISBN 978-0-8122-4448-9 , pp. 101 ff. ( “German Human Rights” Enter the Mainstream: The Case of Otto Kimminich )

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Hartmut Krüger: Otto Kimminich [obituary] . In: NJW 1997, p. 3075 f.
  2. ^ Klaus Brake: Immigrants in Germany. Minorities and political culture. WVB Wissenschaftlicher Verlag, Berlin 2002, ISBN 3-936846-04-9 , p. 46.
  3. ^ Lora Wildenthal: The language of human rights in West Germany . University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 2013, ISBN 978-0-8122-4448-9 , pp. 106 f.