Parliamentary election in Russia in 2021

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2016Parliamentary election in Russia in 20212026
(in %)
Gains and losses
compared to 2016
 % p

The 8th parliamentary election in Russia 2021 took place from September 17-19, 2021. The 450 members of the Duma were elected .

Starting position and electoral system

Parliamentary elections in Russia have been held since 2016 according to the trench suffrage , which was used from 1993 to 2003 , which particularly favors the largest party, United Russia . More than 108 million citizens and over 1.9 million Russians living abroad were eligible to vote.

A total of 14 parties were allowed to vote. Up until the election, only four of these were represented in parliamentary groups in the Duma. However, many opposition candidates had not been allowed to vote. It was enough to be suspected of having had contact with the anti-corruption foundation of the imprisoned opposition politician Alexei Navalny , which the authorities describe as an “extremist organization of foreign agents”. Those affected include Lyubov Eduardowna Sobol , Ilya Valeryevich Yashin and Lev Markowitsch Schlosberg .

During the election, there were some changes in the process that were officially justified by the ongoing corona pandemic : For example, an online voting process was used for the first time . However, this was limited to seven regions . Opposition and independent election observers, etc. a. from the OSCE . that this would make electoral fraud very easy and incomprehensible. In addition, the election took place over a total of three days (Friday to Sunday). Here, too, it was criticized that the ballot boxes were unobserved at night.

In this Duma election, residents of the Ukrainian Donbass , who had received Russian citizenship in the course of the war in Ukraine , were able to vote for the first time . This led to vehement criticism from the Ukrainian government. She accuses Putin of further strengthening the division in the country.

The state promoted participation in the election with a lottery with a million prizes, including apartments, cars and shopping vouchers. A few weeks before the parliamentary elections, Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized all pensioners and parents to receive around 10,000 rubles (115 euros) for each school-age child and that members of the army, police and other uniformed security forces receive a one-off payment of 15,000 rubles (173 euros).

Surveys before the election revealed values ​​of just under 30 percent for the ruling United Russia party, which is close to President Vladimir Putin. Nevertheless, due to the electoral system and the likely election fraud, a clear victory for Putin was expected. The Communist Party was predicted to be the second strongest force , not least because of the smart voting propagated by Navalny .

Election observation and election fraud

The OSCE did not send observers to Russia for this election . The organization justified this with the fact that the various restrictions imposed by the Russian authorities and allegedly caused by the pandemic made nationwide observation of the elections impossible.

The voter initiative Golos , the most important election observation NGO in Russia, received a total of more than 4,000 complaints about violations of the right to vote when voting. Among other things, they concerned voting with mobile urns, videos of (false) ballot papers that were piled in the urns in some places, but also the forcible removal or obstruction of election observers. Such hindrances to counting supervision, sometimes with the use of force, existed in Tatarstan , the Moscow region , the Saint Petersburg region and the Krasnodar region , among others . The Central Election Commission declared the many fraud allegations "fabricated". A spokesman for the Russian government said the election was "free and fair".


No. Surname Party leader Top candidate Political position ideology
1   Communist Party of the Russian Federation Gennady Zyuganov left to left-wing extremists Communism , Marxism-Leninism , social conservatism
2   Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" Andrei Nagibin center Ecologism , green politics
3   Liberal Democratic Party of Russia Vladimir Zhirinovsky right to right-wing extremist Right-wing populism , nationalism , social conservatism
4th   New people Alexei Nechayev Middle right liberalism
5   United Russia Dmitry Medvedev Sergei Shoigu Catch-all party conservatism
6th   Just Russia Sergei Mironov Center to center left Left nationalism , social democracy , democratic socialism
7th   Yabloko Nikolai Rybakov Center to center left Social liberalism , social democracy
8th   Growth party Boris Titov Elena Ulyanova Middle right Liberal Conservatism
9   Russian Freedom and Justice Party Maxim Shevchenko Middle left Social democracy , nationalism , federalism
10   Communists of Russia Maxim Suraikin extreme left Communism , Marxism-Leninism , Neo-Stalinism
11   Citizens Platform Rifat Sheikhutdinov Middle right Economic liberalism , liberal conservatism
12th   Green alternative Ruslan Chvostov Viktoria Daineko Middle left Green politics , ecologism
13   Rodina Alexei Shuravlyov right to right-wing extremist Nationalism , national conservatism
14th   Russian Party of Pensioners for Social Justice Vladimir Burakov center Retiree interests


The upper card shows the winning parties for the second votes for each constituency.
The lower card shows the first vote results.
United Russia Liberal Democratic Party of Russia Communist Party of the Russian Federation Fair Russia Russian Party of Pensioners for Social Justice Rodina Civic Platform Independents

The overall average turnout was 51.68%. In some regions, for example in Chechnya (over 93%), Tartastan (79%) and Kemerovo (70%), voter turnout was also significantly higher according to official figures.

Official final result of the elections to the VIII State Duma of the Russian Federation
place Political party voices % Seats Of that:
federal list regional lists
1. United Russia 28,064,258 49.82 324 126 198
2. Communist Party of the Russian Federation 10,660,599 18.93 57 48 9
3. Just Russia 4,252,096 7.55 21 19th 2
4th Liberal Democratic Party of Russia 4,201,715 7.46 27 19th 8th
5. New people 2,997,676 5.32 13 13 0
6th Russian Party of Pensioners for Social Justice 1,381,890 2.45 0 0 0
7th Yabloko 753.280 1.34 0 0 0
8th. Communists of Russia 715.685 1.27 0 0 0
9. Russian Ecological Party "The Greens" 512.420 0.91 0 0 0
10. Rodina 450,437 0.80 1 0 1
11. Russian Freedom and Justice Party 431,559 0.77 0 0 0
12th Green alternative 357.855 0.64 0 0 0
13. Growth party 291,483 0.64 1 0 1
14th Citizens Platform 86,964 0.15 1 0 1
Independent - - 5 0 5
Unallocated seats
All in all 100.00 450 225 225

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Central Electoral Commission: Number of voters , accessed on September 18, 2021.
  2. a b c d Christina Hebel, Christian Esch: Parliamentary elections in Russia: Many votes for the communists - and massive complaints. In: Der Spiegel. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  3. Russia brands opposition leader Navalny anti-corruption group a 'foreign agent' . In: Deutsche Welle . October 9, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  4. Russia bars opposition candidates from Moscow city ballot ( en ) In: France 24 . July 16, 2019. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  5. The Moscow Times: Who Has Been Banned From Russia's Parliamentary Elections? ( en ) In: The Moscow Times . September 10, 2021. Accessed September 11, 2021.
  6. Parliamentary elections in Russia: Online voting meets distrust from September 18, 2021, accessed on September 19, 2021.
  7. Parliamentary elections in Russia: distrust for online voting. September 18, 2021, accessed September 20, 2021 .
  8. Голосование на выборах в Госдуму пройдет в течение трех дней с 17 по 19 сентябрях ( ru ) In: ТАСС . Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  9. United Russia, the ruling party, is ahead. In: Zeit Online. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  10. The Donbas Conflict. In: SWP. Retrieved September 20, 2021 (German).
  11. Russia: Putin's party recruits voters in Ukraine | MDR.DE. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  12. Christian Esch: This is how Russian President Putin buys the favor of the voters (S +). In: Der Spiegel. Retrieved September 6, 2021 .
  13. ^ Opinion polling for the 2021 Russian legislative election . In: Wikipedia . September 18, 2021 ( [accessed September 20, 2021]).
  14. Federal Agency for Civic Education: Duma election in Russia | bpb. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  15. Parliamentary elections in Russia: Communists could annoy Putin from September 17, 2021, accessed on September 18, 2021.
  16. No OSCE observers in the parliamentary elections in Russia on August 4, 2021, accessed on September 19, 2021.
  17. Christina Hebel: Parliamentary elections in Russia: "Election observers were treated like hostile elements". In: Der Spiegel. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  18. Federal government calls for elucidation of electoral irregularities in Russia. In: Der Spiegel. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  19. The Moscow Times: Putin's Party Says Secures Parliament Supermajority. September 20, 2021, accessed September 21, 2021 .
  20. Christian Esch: Duma election in Russia: How does the Kremlin party get a two-thirds majority? In: Der Spiegel. Retrieved September 20, 2021 .
  21. Сведения о проводящихся выборах и референдумах. Retrieved September 21, 2021 .
  22. Предварительные итоги голосования. Retrieved September 21, 2021 .