Parliamentary election in Russia in 2021
The 8th parliamentary election in Russia 2021 took place from September 17-19, 2021. The 450 members of the Duma were elected .
Starting position and electoral system
Parliamentary elections in Russia have been held since 2016 according to the trench suffrage , which was used from 1993 to 2003 , which particularly favors the largest party, United Russia . More than 108 million citizens and over 1.9 million Russians living abroad were eligible to vote.
A total of 14 parties were allowed to vote. Up until the election, only four of these were represented in parliamentary groups in the Duma. However, many opposition candidates had not been allowed to vote. It was enough to be suspected of having had contact with the anti-corruption foundation of the imprisoned opposition politician Alexei Navalny , which the authorities describe as an “extremist organization of foreign agents”. Those affected include Lyubov Eduardowna Sobol , Ilya Valeryevich Yashin and Lev Markowitsch Schlosberg .
During the election, there were some changes in the process that were officially justified by the ongoing corona pandemic : For example, an online voting process was used for the first time . However, this was limited to seven regions . Opposition and independent election observers, etc. a. from the OSCE . that this would make electoral fraud very easy and incomprehensible. In addition, the election took place over a total of three days (Friday to Sunday). Here, too, it was criticized that the ballot boxes were unobserved at night.
In this Duma election, residents of the Ukrainian Donbass , who had received Russian citizenship in the course of the war in Ukraine , were able to vote for the first time . This led to vehement criticism from the Ukrainian government. She accuses Putin of further strengthening the division in the country.
The state promoted participation in the election with a lottery with a million prizes, including apartments, cars and shopping vouchers. A few weeks before the parliamentary elections, Russian President Vladimir Putin authorized all pensioners and parents to receive around 10,000 rubles (115 euros) for each school-age child and that members of the army, police and other uniformed security forces receive a one-off payment of 15,000 rubles (173 euros).
Surveys before the election revealed values of just under 30 percent for the ruling United Russia party, which is close to President Vladimir Putin. Nevertheless, due to the electoral system and the likely election fraud, a clear victory for Putin was expected. The Communist Party was predicted to be the second strongest force , not least because of the smart voting propagated by Navalny .
Election observation and election fraud
The OSCE did not send observers to Russia for this election . The organization justified this with the fact that the various restrictions imposed by the Russian authorities and allegedly caused by the pandemic made nationwide observation of the elections impossible.
The voter initiative Golos , the most important election observation NGO in Russia, received a total of more than 4,000 complaints about violations of the right to vote when voting. Among other things, they concerned voting with mobile urns, videos of (false) ballot papers that were piled in the urns in some places, but also the forcible removal or obstruction of election observers. Such hindrances to counting supervision, sometimes with the use of force, existed in Tatarstan , the Moscow region , the Saint Petersburg region and the Krasnodar region , among others . The Central Election Commission declared the many fraud allegations "fabricated". A spokesman for the Russian government said the election was "free and fair".
The overall average turnout was 51.68%. In some regions, for example in Chechnya (over 93%), Tartastan (79%) and Kemerovo (70%), voter turnout was also significantly higher according to official figures.
|place||Political party||voices||%||Seats||Of that:|
|federal list||regional lists|
|2.||Communist Party of the Russian Federation||10,660,599||18.93||57||48||9|
|4th||Liberal Democratic Party of Russia||4,201,715||7.46||27||19th||8th|
|6th||Russian Party of Pensioners for Social Justice||1,381,890||2.45||0||0||0|
|8th.||Communists of Russia||715.685||1.27||0||0||0|
|9.||Russian Ecological Party "The Greens"||512.420||0.91||0||0||0|
|11.||Russian Freedom and Justice Party||431,559||0.77||0||0||0|
|All in all||100.00||450||225||225|
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