Foundation and first years
Philippine Airlines was founded on February 26, 1941 by several business people and is the oldest operating Asian airline. In March 1941, a Beechcraft Model 18 began flight operations. The daily route was the route between Manila and Baguio. Due to the Japanese invasion of the Philippines during World War II, flight operations had to be suspended at the end of 1941.
After the liberation, the airline resumed its flight operations on February 14, 1946 with five Douglas DC-3s ; 15 destinations have now been flown to. In the same year PAL commissioned the US American Transocean Air Lines with the implementation of their long-haul flights to the USA and Europe; Philippine Airlines was the first Asian airline to offer flights to California , albeit not with its own aircraft. In 1947 Philippine Airlines took over Far East Air Transport and with it the routes to Bangkok , Hong Kong , Shanghai , Calcutta and later Madrid as well as the inventory of five Douglas DC-4s . In the same year, PAL opened a line connection from Manila to San Francisco .
In 1954 all international flights - with the exception of the route to Hong Kong - were suspended. The national route network has been expanded considerably for this purpose. It was not until 1962 that the first international route to San Francisco was reopened in cooperation with KLM .
In 1974 Philippine Airlines took over the two airlines Filipinas and Air Manila . Shortly thereafter, it received the first McDonnell Douglas DC-10 , which replaced the DC-8 and was leased . In 1979, the Boeing 747 and Airbus A300B4 were added to the fleet. In 1988 Fokker 50 machines replaced the Hawker-Siddeley HS 748 and from 1990 Boeing 737-300s were added to replace the BAC 1-11.
In 1996 the company received the first Airbus A340-300 . A further modification of the fleet was planned for 1998, but on September 23, 1998 Philippine Airlines had to cease operations due to prolonged staff strikes and the Asian crisis with the associated financial problems. Operations resumed a few weeks later after the route network had been severely restricted, parts of the fleet had been sold or returned, and staff had been cut.
Development since 2000
In 2000, the airline returned to profitability after six bad years. A profit of around 44.2 million pesos was reported . In the same year the company sold the hangar business to Lufthansa Technik , which took over the maintenance of PAL's aircraft. A system has also been introduced that allows bookings to be made by email . In 2001 a profit of 419 million pesos was made. International business resumed with destinations in Southeast Asia, Australia and Vancouver in Canada. A frequent flyer program was also introduced.
In 2003 PAL procured a new Boeing 747-400 , the fifth machine of this type in its fleet. In the same year Las Vegas was added to the program as well as the European destinations Paris and Amsterdam with codeshare agreements with Air France and KLM . Due to the merger of Air France and KLM, Paris had to be deleted from the program again. The fleet was renewed with two Airbus A320-200s . E-ticketing was introduced.
In 2008, the last Boeing 737 was withdrawn from the fleet. Furthermore, Philippine Airlines signed a cooperation agreement with Air Philippines , so that Air Philippines uses its De Havilland DHC-8 under the name PAL Express as a low-cost airline on regional routes. PAL Express started operations on May 5, 2008 with the Manila – Boracay route, but in 2010 it stopped again. Since March 2013, Air Philippines has been operating flights for Philippine Airlines again under this brand.
On March 30, 2010, the airline, like all other airlines in the country, was placed on the list of operating bans for the airspace of the European Union . The European Commission justified this with the insufficient security standards for the EU. This decision was reversed on July 10, 2013, which means that flights into EU airspace are again permitted.
In February 2019, Philippine Airlines entered into a cooperation with the Japanese ANA Holdings , which among other things includes a strategic participation by ANA Holdings in 9.5% of the shares of Philippine Airlines.
- Code sharing
As of March 2020, the Philippine Airlines fleet consists of 71 aircraft with an average age of 5.4 years:
( Business / Eco + / Eco )
|Airbus A320-200||8th||156 (12/12/132)|
|Airbus A321-200||24||with Sharklets equipped||199 (12/18/169)|
|Airbus A321neo||8th||18th||First delivery on May 31, 2018||- open -|
|Airbus A330-300||15th||309 (18/24/267)
414 (- / 39/375)
|Airbus A350-900||6th||+ 6 options; replace A330-300||295 (30/24/241)|
|Boeing 777-300ER||10||370 (42 / - / 328)|
Former aircraft types
In the past, Philippine Airlines operated, among others, the following types of aircraft:
- Airbus A300B4-100 / 200/600
- Airbus A319-100
- Airbus A340 ; on July 10, 2019, the last machine of the type, which had not been used as planned since 2018, left Manila for the USA. Ten machines had been used, four of which were newly purchased and six were used by Iberia.
- BAC 1-11
- Beechcraft Model 18
- Boeing 727-200
- Boeing 737-300 / 400
- Boeing 747-200 / 400
- Douglas DC-3
- Douglas DC-4
- Douglas DC-8
- Fokker F-27
- Fokker 50
- Hawker-Siddeley HS 748
- McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30
- McDonnell Douglas MD-11
- NAMC YS-11
- On January 24, 1950, a Douglas DC-3 crashed in Iloilo City .
- On March 30, 1952, a Douglas DC-3 also crashed in Baguio City after taking off.
- On January 4, 1954 threw a 6 DC Douglas at Rome Fiumicino Airport , and caught fire after they had tried to land during heavy turbulence.
- On November 23, 1960 a Douglas DC-3 crashed again, this time after taking off from Manila in bad weather.
- On December 22, 1960, a Douglas DC-3 crashed in Cebu after an engine failure.
- On March 2, 1963, a Douglas DC-3 crashed in Davao City due to a " premature descent" .
- On February 21, 1964, a Douglas DC-3 crashed in Marawi City .
- On June 29, 1966, PAL lost another Douglas DC-3 in a crash in Sagalyan .
- On February 28, 1967, a Fokker F-27 crashed due to incorrect loading in Cebu .
- On July 6, 1967, another Fokker F-27 crashed in Bacolod .
- On September 21, 1969, a BAC 1-11 had an accident while landing in Manila.
- On April 21, 1970, a bomb exploded in the hold of a Hawker-Siddeley HS 748 at Manila Airport.
- On April 21, 1973 another bomb exploded on board a Hawker-Siddeley HS 748, which then crashes in Patabangan .
- On February 3, 1975, another Hawker-Siddeley HS 748 had an accident shortly after take-off in Manila due to an engine fire in conjunction with the inability of the crew to deal with the standard emergency procedure.
- On May 23, 1976, a BAC 1-11 was kidnapped and held at Zamboanga City Airport in Mindanao . After the rescue forces intervened, the situation escalated and there was an exchange of fire and several hand grenades exploded , killing 13 people.
- On June 26, 1987, a Hawker-Siddeley HS 748 had an accident in Baguio after the crew attempted to land during a monsoon.
- On December 13, 1987, a Shorts 360-300 crashed at Iligan City Airport .
- On May 11, 1990, the middle tank of a Boeing 737-300 exploded before take-off in Manila, whereupon the machine burned out before it could be completely cleared. 8 passengers died (see also Philippine Airlines flight 143 )
- On December 11, 1994, an explosive device exploded under the seat of a Japanese business traveler on board a Boeing 747-200 , killing the man. The machine could land safely. Ramzi Yousef , a suspected al-Qaeda terrorist, planned this bomb as a test run for a later terrorist act known as Operation Bojinka . This operation failed due to a house fire in which the authorities found a notebook with the corresponding plans (see also Philippine Airlines flight 434 ) .
- On March 22, 1998, an Airbus A320-200 (RP-C3222) came off the runway at Bacolod City Domestic Airport (Philippines) and broke through several houses in an adjacent settlement after the defective reverse thrust of engine 1 was left in the climb position and the machine went off the runway to the right because of the asymmetrical thrust. There were only injuries on the plane, but three people died in the settlement (see also Philippine Airlines flight 137 ) .
- On May 25, 2000, a plane en route from Davao City to Manila was kidnapped by a man who pretended to have marital problems. The hijacker was pushed off the plane by a stewardess. When the man tried to open his parachute, it failed.
- On February 15, 2007, an Airbus A320-200 slid 30 meters over the runway in Tacloban City because the nose wheel collapsed.
- Philippine Airlines website (English, Japanese, Chinese)
- ORF - 50 new airlines on the EU black list, accessed on March 30, 2010
- aero.de - EU allows Philippine Airlines and Conviasa again , accessed on July 10, 2013.
- ANA completes acquisition of 9.5% stake in PAL. February 28, 2019, accessed February 28, 2019 .
- Philippineairlines.com - World Map , accessed January 26, 2015
- Philippineairlines.com - PAL Codeshare Flights , accessed September 4, 2016
- Philippine Airlines Fleet Details and History. Retrieved March 26, 2020 (English).
- Airbus - Orders & deliveries (English), accessed on July 27, 2017
- Philippineairlines.com - PAL Aircraft , accessed July 27, 2017
- A350-900. Retrieved February 7, 2019 .
- https://www.ch-aviation.com/portal/news/79928-philippine-airlines-exits-a340-fleet Philippine Airlines exits A340 fleet, ch-aviation, July 16, 2019
- Aircraft accident data and report in the Aviation Safety Network (English)