Lungsod ng Iloilo
Ciudad sang Iloilo
|Location of Iloilo City in the Iloilo Province|
|Region :||Western Visayas|
|Income class :||1st income bracket|
May 1, 2000 census
August 1, 2015 census
|Population density :||7993 inhabitants per km²|
|Area :||56.05 km²|
|Postal code :||5000|
|Area code :||+63 33|
|Mayor :||Jed Patrick E. Mabilog|
|Geographical location in the Philippines|
Iloilo City ( Hiligaynon : Ciudad sang Iloilo ; Filipino : Lungsod ng Iloilo ) is the capital of the Philippine province of Iloilo . It is located on the south coast of Panay Island in the western part of the Visayas archipelago .
The city, located on the river of the same name, has 447,992 inhabitants (August 1, 2015 census) on an area of around 56 km² and consists of the seven districts: Iloilo City Proper , Jaro , Molo , Mandurriao , La Paz , Lapuz and Arevalo . Politically, it is further subdivided into around 180 barangays or districts. Iloilo City is often referred to as the "Heart of the Philippines" or "Princess of the South". The metropolitan area of Metro Iloilo (263,150 km²; 510,230 inhabitants) is one of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines. Iloilo City is also a major cultural center.
In 1600 the small port city was founded by the Spanish as La Punta . Its current name is derived from the original name of the province of Irong-Irong , which can be translated from Old Malay as "nose shape" and refers to the nose-shaped land area of the province. Historical finds such as porcelain and jewelery from the Middle Ages indicate that trade with China , India and Siam took place here centuries before the arrival of the Spaniards.
La Punta served as a port facility for the then city of Jaro . Later the Spanish and Chinese settled here. In the 17th century the city was taken over by Dutch conquerors until they were later driven out of the country. From 1800 trade and shipbuilding grew at a rapid pace, so that the city grew into a metropolis, it was regarded as the second most important port in the Philippines.
On March 31, 1855, the port opened for international trade and agricultural products such as sugar cane and coconuts as well as local textiles were exported all over the world (especially to Australia and Hong Kong ). The port has attracted many merchant fleets from Japan and Europe . As a result, diplomatic missions from foreign countries such as Great Britain , Portugal , China and Norway opened their consulates here. The city was soon known as "the richest city in the country". Emigrants and traders from Scotland , Ireland , India and China were drawn here, as well as wealthy descendants of Spaniards from Manila. Around this time, the opening of the first golf course (1860) in Southeast Asia and the construction of the first railway line outside of Luzon followed. Several steel bridges and a well-developed road network have been built for the transport of goods throughout the province. In 1893 the city was re-established as Municipio de Iloilo . The King of Spain named the city La Muy Leal y Noble Ciudad de Iloilo .
After the Philippine Revolution , Iloilo was named the capital of the short-lived Estado Federal de las Visayas (Free State of the Visayas), about a year before the first Philippine Republic was proclaimed.
Asia's oldest private airline, Iloilo-Negros Air Express Co. and the first Filipino-operated shipping company, Negros Navigation , were established by the Lopez family in 1933 , almost sixteen years before the commercial Philippine Airlines was founded . On August 25, 1937, the city was created by merging the two neighboring cities Jaro and Iloilo and their surrounding municipalities of Molo, Mandurriao, La Paz and Arevalo into one metropolis, officially called Iloilo City. When Japanese occupation troops took over the city in World War II, many historical monuments and the well-developed infrastructure were destroyed. After the Second World War, the city lost its economic and industrial importance and the port facility was only used as a local transport port. It was not until the 1990s that the city saw a renewed upswing.
Every year on January 18, the Dr. Graciano Lopez Jaena Day and at the end of the month the Dinagyang Festival is celebrated in the city. On February 2nd, Jaro celebrates the festival of the Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria . The Paraw Regatta Festival will follow in Arevalo at the end of February. Here local sailing boats are artistically painted and sailed as far as Guimaras.
The urban population consists mainly of Ilonggos and migrants from all over the western Visayas as well as descendants of migrant workers from Luzon and Mindanao . Several descendants of Spanish mestizos , Filipino Chinese , Indians, and Western retirees live in the city .
Special sights of the city are the Spanish colonial buildings made of coral and marble stones as well as the old churches from the Baroque period in Molo, La Paz and Jaro. The Arroyo Fountain in front of the provincial capitol and the bell tower of Jaro Plaza are major landmarks of the city. Important monuments are also the several hundred year old Fort San Pedro , the Plaza Libertad and the Museo Iloilo . The Bulabog Putian National Park is about 40 km north of the city.
Economy & Infrastructure
The metropolitan area of Iloilo City is considered to be the economic center of all of Panay. A large part of the regional government authorities are located here, as well as the headquarters of numerous companies, industrial companies, offices, corporations and banks. The main streets are General Luna St. , Iznart St. and JM Basa St. (Calle Real) in the city center as well as MH del Pilar St. in Molo and Lopez Jaena St. in La Paz and Jaro. The old port facility of the city is still considered an important entry and exit point for agricultural products ( rice , sugar , coconut , mango and fish ) from Panay, Guimaras and Negros to Luzon and Cebu.
In 1995 an economic urban expansion was planned with the surrounding municipalities of Leganes, Oton, Pavia, San Miguel and the island of Guimaras, which became known as "Metro Iloilo-Guimaras". It was planned to build an international airport outside the city, a modern bridge for the neighboring island of Guimaras , the modernization of the old commercial port for international shipping and new industrial centers outside the city center. The plan also included the revitalization of the old railway line that will connect Iloilo with Passi City and Roxas City . An expansion of the motorway is also currently planned.
Many industrial plants are located in Jaro. New commercial centers also largely exist in Mandurriao. Particularly noteworthy is Benigno Aquino Ave. (diversion road) , where many new shops have settled. The Smallville Business Complex and Iloilo Esplanade are particularly well known . In June 2007 the newly built New Iloilo International Airport opened outside the city, as well as the reconstruction and modernization of the old port facility. The infrastructure, especially the city bridges and the road network, have been greatly improved. It has hotels and resorts for the increasing tourism in the city.
- Iloilo Business Club
- Filipino-Chinese Chamber of Commerce of Iloilo, Inc.
- Rotary Club of Iloilo, Inc.
- Iloilo Integrated Lions Club, Inc.
- Zonta Club Iloilo, Inc.
- Metro Iloilo-Guimaras Economic Development Council
- Brotherhood of Christian Businessmen and Professionals (BCBP) - Iloilo
Exhibition / event locations
- Iloilo International Convention Center
- Iloilo Freedom Grandstand
- Iloilo Sports Complex
- Museo Iloilo
- Iloilo Provincial Capitol Amphitheater
- Sarabia Manor Hotel & Convention Center
- CPU Rose Memorial Auditorium
- UPV auditorium
- USA auditorium
- USA high school
- Panay Electric Co.
- Metro Iloilo Water District
- JS Layson & Co., Inc.
- SM City Iloilo
- Robinsons Place Iloilo
- Gaisano City Iloilo
- Gaisano Guanco
- The atrium
- Marymart Mall
- Amigo Plaza
- Plazuela de Iloilo
- Jaro Town Square
- SM Delgado
- SM Jaro
- Panay News - The Biggest Daily in the Visayas
- The News Today
- Hublas - The Biggest Hiligaynon Daily in the Country
- Sun.Star Iloilo
- The Daily Guardian
- The No.1 Daily Informer
- Visayan headlines
Journals / Magazines:
- Bombo Radyo Philippines
- Aksyon Radyo
- RMN Iloilo
- MOR (My Only Radio) for life!
- Star FM
- Campus radio
Iloilo City consists of seven boroughs:
Iloilo City is the regional center for education and research in the western part of the Visayas. The city is also known nationwide as an intellectual center for its relatively high level of education. It now owns 30 private elementary schools and universities as well as seven universities (2 state, 5 private).
- University of the Philippines in the Visayas - Iloilo City Campus
- West Visayas State University
- Central Philippine University
- University of San Agustin
- St. Paul's University
- University of Iloilo
- John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University (Molo, Arevalo), Inc.
Technical / art colleges
- Western Visayas College of Science and Technology
- Iloilo Doctors College
- De Paul College
- Ateneo de Iloilo
- Colegio del Sagrado Corazon de Jesus
- Western Institute of Technology
- West Visayas College of Aeronautics
- St. Therese-MTC Colleges
- STI - Iloilo
- AMA Computer College - Iloilo
- St. Anne College of Iloilo
- Cabalum Western College
- Yamaha School of Music
- Bilbao , Spain
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- Official website of the city of Iloilo (English)