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Nickname : Crossroads of the Pacific, Protected Bay ("Sheltered Bay")
View of Waikīkī and Honolulu from Diamond Head
Overlooking Waikiki Beach and Honolulu from Diamond Head from
Location in Hawaii
Honolulu County Hawaii Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Honolulu Highlighted.svg
Basic data
State : United States
State : Hawaii
County : Honolulu City and County
Coordinates : 21 ° 19 ′  N , 157 ° 50 ′  W Coordinates: 21 ° 19 ′  N , 157 ° 50 ′  W
Time zone : Hawaii-Aleutian Standard Time ( UTC − 10 )
Inhabitants :
Metropolitan Area :
351,792 (as of 2016)
992,605 (as of 2016)
Population density : 1,584.6 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 272.1 km 2  (approx. 105 mi 2 ) of
which 222 km 2  (approx. 86 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 6 m
Postcodes : 96801-96850
Area code : +1 808
FIPS : 15-17000
GNIS ID : 0366212
Mayor : Kirk Caldwell
South Coast Oahus.jpg
Honolulu, view of the south coast of Oahu with Waikīkī beach and Diamond Head mountain
Honolulu (USA)
Honolulu on the map of the United States

Honolulu (also: Honoruru in older German literature ) is the capital of the US state of Hawaii and is located on the south coast of the island of Oahu . It is one of the largest cities in the Pacific and the most populous census-designated place in the United States. Almost every foreign tourist lands here on the largest air hub in the Pacific. Honolulu's Waikīkī district is an attractive tourist destination with its exposed location right by the sea and the enormous hotel capacities.

In the Hawaiian language , Honolulu means "sheltered bay".

In a 2018 ranking of cities by quality of life, Honolulu was ranked 36th among 231 cities surveyed worldwide and third within the United States.


Hawaii State Capitol , seat of the state government

It is unknown when Honolulu was first settled or the name was first used, but oral histories suggest that the area was first settled by Polynesians in the 12th century . The city's port is also called "Kulolia" or "Ke Awa O Kou". The first European to reach Honolulu was the British captain William Brown with his ship Butterworth; he came in 1794 and named the port "Fair Haven". Other strangers called it "Brown's Harbor". Honolulu quickly became Hawaii's largest port. At that time the trade in the wood of the sandalwood tree was important. Furthermore, Honolulu was an important supply point for whalers . In 1845, Kamehameha III. Honolulu, the capital of the Kingdom of Hawai'i . It was also the capital of the Republic and Territory of Hawaii and is still the capital of the US state of Hawaii today .

USS Arizona Memorial by Night (2006)

Ten structures and sites in Honolulu have National Historic Landmark status , including Pearl Harbor , Iolani Palace and the USS Arizona shipwreck . 103 buildings and sites in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) (as of November 2, 2018).


East of Honolulu, the 232 m high, rising from tuff existing diamond head . The mountain is the symbol of the city.

City structure

Honolulu is divided into 5 districts:

  • Downtown Honolulu : This is the district where the most important government and commercial buildings on the island are located. It is also the political and economic center of Honolulu. There are many museums and sights there. The main government buildings are the State Capitol, Washington Place, and City Hall. In the historic old town there is also the statue of King Kamehameha I and the ʻIolani Palace .
  • Waikīkī : Waikiki is located directly on the sea and isframedin the north by the Ala Wai Canal . To the east is the Diamond Head crater . Mainly hotels, restaurants and bars are located in the district.
  • Manoa Makiki : The district borders Downtown Honolulu to the north and the terrain is more mountainous. The high point of the landscape is the extinct Punchbowl crater . The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa is located in Manoa Makiki . Barack Obama grew up in this area .
  • Eastern Honolulu : This region has many sandy beaches and rocky coastlines. It consists of five residential areas and extends to the southeastern tip of Oahu. To the west are Waikiki and Diamond Head.
  • Western Honolulu : This is the district where the airport is located. It consists of three residential areas. This is where the famous Pearl Harbor military port is located .


Honolulu's climate is tropical with dry summers (April to September) and some rain in winter (October to March). However, one cannot speak of a rainy season. The number of hours of sunshine is consistently high all year round, as is the temperature. The maximum temperature throughout the year is between 26.7 and 31.5 degrees, the minimum temperature is between 18.6 and 23.4 degrees. Even though Honolulu is in the tropics, cyclones are very rare. The water temperature on the beaches of Honolulu is also consistently warm all year round and is at least 24 degrees even in winter.

Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Honolulu
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 26.7 26.9 27.6 28.2 29.3 30.3 30.8 31.5 31.4 30.5 28.9 27.3 O 29.1
Min. Temperature (° C) 18.7 18.6 19.6 20.4 21.3 22.3 23.1 23.4 23.1 22.4 21.3 19.4 O 21.1
Precipitation ( mm ) 90.2 56.1 55.9 39.1 28.7 12.7 15.0 11.2 19.8 57.9 76.2 96.5 Σ 559.3
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 6.8 7.3 8.2 8.3 8.9 9.3 9.6 9.6 9.2 7.9 6.8 6.4 O 8.2
Rainy days ( d ) 7.0 5.2 6.0 5.2 3.3 2.1 2.9 2.6 3.5 4.6 6.1 6.9 Σ 55.4
Water temperature (° C) 24 24 24 25th 26th 26th 27 27 27 27 26th 25th O 25.7
Humidity ( % ) 75 72 69 68 66 65 65 66 66 67 71 73 O 68.6
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Source :; wetterkontor.de
Historical map (around 1888)
Hula dancers in Kapiʻolani Park
View over Honolulu, inland


In the 2010 census, the 371,657 residents gave the following ethnicity: Asian 55.9%, "white" 19.7%, mixed race 14.9%, Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 6.8%, Hispanic 4.4%, "black" or "African American" 1.6%. The proportion of residents under the age of 21 was 22.9%, and those aged 65 and over 17.8%. 62.3% of the population lived in family households and 29.7% in single-person households.



Honolulu has an international airport on the western outskirts , Honolulu Airport .


Some freeways ( highways ) serve Honolulu:

West of downtown it is connected to Interstate H-2 and Interstate H-3 .

Close to Aloha Stadium and the connection to Interstate H-1 , the freeway connects to Interstate H-3 coming from the north , which ends there. These two connections are in Hālawa .

  • Interstate H-3, also known as the John A. Burns Freeway, begins near Aloha Stadium and connects to Interstate H-1 and Interstate H-201 . It connects Honolulu with Kāneʻohe . Despite its number, which points to an east-west route, most residents consider it a north-south freeway.

Other major highways connecting Honolulu with other parts of the island of Oahu include:

As in many US cities, there are lots of traffic jams , especially at rush hour , especially when driving to and from the western suburbs such as Kapolei , Ewa , Aiea, Pearl City , Waipahu, and Mililani . Land to improve road capacity is in great demand on Oahu .



The former mayor of the city, Frank Fasi, has set up a bus system called TheBus . It has twice been named America's Best Transit System by the American Public Transportation Association , once in 1994–1995 and once in 2000–2001.

In 2004 the construction of a bus rapid transit system began, which emphasizes the right of way of the buses. The system, proposed by former Mayor Jeremy Harris , should connect the Iwilei district to Waikīkī. However, Mufi Hannemann , Mayor from 2005 to 2010, dismantled the busway system and used its vehicles on other express bus routes.

Elevated railway

There is currently no railroad in Honolulu. The last suggestion from a mayor for the construction of a rail transport system was the Honolulu Area Rail Rapid Transit project. This project, commonly known as "HART", was almost done, but then stopped by former Mayor Eileen Anderson in 1981 because it broke the promise of fiscal responsibility.

Construction of the new railway line (July 2015)

From 2004 the plans were reactivated under the new mayor Mufi Hannemann . To finance the construction of the rail system, the Hawaii General Excise Tax on O'ahu was increased from 4% to 4.5%. After lengthy negotiations and delays, the foundation stone for the railway line was laid on February 22, 2011. In the first expansion stage, which was originally planned to go into operation in 2018, the route from Kapolei to the Aloha Stadium will lead. After that, the route should lead to the Ala Moana Center , which would also give the airport a rail connection to downtown Honolulu. The 32-kilometer-long line, built on stilts, is to contain 21 stations and operate fully automatically. Later expansions to Waikiki and Manoa University are planned, but not yet decided.

In May 2016, the Federal Transit Authority (FTA) announced that the project was going to be significantly more expensive than planned and asked the consortium to submit a cost-cutting plan by August 7, 2016. Mayor Kirk Caldwell has asked the FTA to extend the deadline to June 2017, the FTA complied with the end of 2016.

On September 5, 2017, the Governor of Hawaii signed a funding bill intended to generate $ 2.4 billion for the elevated railway project. It plans to extend the already existing 0.5% surcharge on VAT on O'ahu for three more years until the end of 2030 and to increase hotel tax in Hawaii by 1% over the next 13 years.


The metropolitan area of ​​Honolulu generated a gross domestic product of 64.7 billion US dollars in 2016, making it 50th among the metropolitan areas of the United States. The unemployment rate in the metropolitan area was only 1.9 percent and is among the lowest in the country. (As of May 2018). The personal per capita income in 2016 was 54,229 US dollars, which means that Honolulu has an above-average income level.

Honolulu is an important air traffic - and nautical - junction (Honolulu airport) and because of the tropical climate, especially for the tourism of importance. The famous Waikīkī bathing beach is located here and the US naval base Pearl Harbor is nearby .

The city's main economic sectors are tourism, with 15.7% of the workforce, retail (12.8%), health and social services (10.9%), education (10.8%) and the public Administration (Government) (7.8%).

Cost of living

Hawaii has the highest cost of living of any US state and Honolulu has the lowest median income after cost of living of any metro area in the US.

Universities and colleges

View of the Mānoa campus

There are four universities and two colleges in Honolulu that are accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges :


ʻIolani Palace

The ʻIolani Palace is the former residence of the kings of Hawaii. The current building was completed in 1882. It is located in the historic old town.

Ali'iolani Hale

Aliʻiolani Hale is an administrative building in Honolulu. It was completed in 1874 and then united all the major government agencies of the then Kingdom of Hawaii. Today the building houses the Hawaii State Supreme Court, a history center, and a law library .

Bishop Museum

The Bishop Museum is the largest museum in Hawaii and displays more than 24 million unique pieces about the Polynesian culture and nature of the island.

Hawaii State Art Museum

Works by local artists are exhibited here as well as collections of older works of art.

Aloha Tower

It was built in Honolulu Harbor in 1926 and has long been the tallest building on the island.


sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities

See also

Web links

Commons : Honolulu  - collection of pictures, videos, and audio files
Wikivoyage: Honolulu  Travel Guide
Wiktionary: Honolulu  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. see: Franz Julius Ferdinand Meyen: Reise um die Erde: carried out on the Royal Prussian sea merchant ship Prinzess Louise, commanded by Captain W. Wendt, in the years 1830, 1831 and 1832 , Berlin 1835, p. 171
  2. ^ Honolulu in Hawaiian Dictionaries
  3. Mercer's 2018 Quality of Living Rankings. Retrieved August 18, 2018 .
  4. ^ Travel Hawaii: Illustrated City Guide, Phrasebook, and Maps , MobileReference, 2007, ISBN 978-1-60501-043-4
  5. List of NHL by State . National Park Service , accessed November 2, 2018.
  6. Search mask database in the National Register Information System. National Park Service , accessed November 2, 2018.
  7. The Five Districts of Honolulu. In: hawaiiurlaub.de. Retrieved January 26, 2017 .
  8. ^ World Weather Information Service - Honolulu, Hawaii. In: wwis.dwd.de. German Weather Service, archived from the original on December 4, 2012 ; accessed on January 28, 2017 .
  9. ^ US Census Bureau American Fact Finder, accessed October 15, 2017.
  10. ^ Hawaiʻi Kai in the Geographic Names Information System of the United States Geological Survey
  11. ^ Route Map Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation, accessed October 8, 2017.
  12. Federal Transit Administration extends rail recovery plan deadline to end of 2016. In: khon2.com. Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc., accessed January 28, 2017 .
  13. ^ Rail gets its bailout: Governor signs hotly-debated funding bill into law Hawaii News Now, September 6, 2017. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  14. US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 4, 2018 (American English).
  15. Honolulu, HI Economy at a Glance. Retrieved July 5, 2018 .
  16. ^ US Department of Commerce, BEA, Bureau of Economic Analysis: Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved July 5, 2018 (American English).
  17. ^ Industries in Urban Honolulu Statistical Atlas, April 19, 2015, accessed October 25, 2017.
  18. Regional Price parities by State 2015 Bureau of Economic Analysis, June 2017. Accessed on 7 October 2017th
  19. Cities Where Salaries Go Furthest in the US: 2017 Indeed hiring lab, August 24, 2017. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
  20. Excerpt from: Colleges, Community Colleges, & Universities in Hawaii, USA , accessed on June 17, 2017.