Poręba (Bystrzyca Kłodzka)
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|Voivodeship :||Lower Silesia|
|Gmina :||Bystrzyca Kłodzka|
|Geographic location :||50 ° 14 ' N , 16 ° 36' E|
|Height :||450-650 m npm|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 74|
|License plate :||DKL|
|Economy and Transport|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
Poręba (German Lichtenwalde ) is a village in the municipality of Bystrzyca Kłodzka ( Habelschwerdt ) in the powiat Kłodzki ( district of Glatz ) in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship in Poland.
The village is located in a narrow valley on the southeastern slope of the Habelschwerdter Mountains , about nine kilometers southwest of Bystrzyca Kłodzka ( Habelschwerdt ).
Neighboring towns are Wyszki in the north, Ponikwa in the northeast, Długopole-Zdrój in the east, Długopole Górne in the southeast, Gniewoszów in the south, Poniatów in the southwest and Rudawa in the west. The border with the Czech Republic runs at a distance of two kilometers to the southwest. To the northwest rise the 978 m high Jagodna ( Heidelberg ) and the 965 m high Sasanka ( Kohlberg ).
Lichtenwalde belonged to the Glatzer Land and was first mentioned in 1360. Other spellings were "Lichtenvelde", "Lytwinwalde", "Lichtinwalde" and "Lychinwald". It was probably subordinate to the Schnallenstein Castle and after its destruction by the Hussites in 1428 it fell to the Bohemian sovereign together with the latter. During the Thirty Years' War , the St. Sebastian Church, which has already been documented for 1384, was looted by imperial troops. In 1684 the royal chamber sold Lichtenwalde and numerous other chamber villages in the Habelschwerdt district to Michael Wenzel von Althann, governor of Glatzer . This formed the rule Schnallenstein from the newly acquired villages , the main town of which was Rosenthal , so that it was also referred to as "Herrschaft Rosenthal". In 1684, the Lichtenwald dominion consisted of 44 farmers and 22 cottagers . This also included the jurisdiction over the free judge property .
After the Silesian Wars , Lichtenwalde and the County of Glatz came to Prussia in 1763 with the Peace of Hubertusburg . Evidence for the beginning of the 18th century: a branch church, a rectory, a school building, 43 farmers, 23 gardeners and cottagers as well as two church gardeners. After the reorganization of Prussia, Lichtenwalde belonged to the province of Silesia from 1815 and was initially incorporated into the district of Glatz. In 1818 it was reclassified to the Habelschwerdt district , to which it belonged until 1945. In 1939 there were 667 inhabitants.
As a result of the Second World War , Lichtenwalde came under Polish administration in 1945, like almost all of Silesia, and was renamed Poręba . The German population was expelled. Some of the new residents were displaced from eastern Poland . Since numerous residents left Poręba again in the next few decades, the number of inhabitants decreased significantly. 1975-1998 Poręba belonged to the Wałbrzych Voivodeship (German Waldenburg )
Since numerous residents left Poręba again in the next few decades, the number of inhabitants decreased significantly. 1975-1998 Poręba belonged to the Wałbrzych Voivodeship (German Waldenburg ).
Around 1540 the Freirichtergut belonged to Blasius Jenke, who sold it to Melchior Behm in 1545. In 1554 it came to Blasius Leuchtenberg, and in 1561 to Thomas Hauck. In 1585 he was expelled from the country for forgery of documents, and the judicial property passed to his son Georg Hauck. In 1596 it was acquired by the city of Habelschwerdt, which four years later sold it to its citizen Peter Engelhard, who supported the Bohemian class uprising in 1618 . Although he died in 1622, half of the estate was confiscated from his heirs in 1625. For 1632 Hans Engelhard is proven as a judge, probably a son of the aforementioned. In 1650 it belonged to Georg Hauck, whose descendants or relatives kept it until the 19th century.
Population development until 1945
|1816||570||of which 499 in part A and 71 in part B.|
The Lichtenwald Church of St. Sebastian is proven to be a parish church for 1384. In 1560 Lichtenwalde belonged to what was then the parish of Oberlangenau. Around 1610 a Lutheran pastor was officiating in Lichtenwalde, and Lichtenwalde was a pastor to which Stuhlseiffen and Peucker also belonged. After the re-conquest of the County of Glatz by the imperial troops in 1623, a Catholic priest was again appointed and Lichtenwalde was downgraded to the branch church of Ebersdorf . Stuhlseiffen and Peucker were detached from Lichtenwalde in 1665 and dedicated to the Seitendorf branch church, with which they came to the re-established parish of Rosenthal in 1665. From 1781 Lichtenwalde was looked after by a permanent chaplain. Today Poręba belongs to the parish of Długopole Górne .
The village can be reached via voivodship road 389 .
- A new stone church was built on the site of the wooden church in 1565. The side altars are from the Baroque period, the main altar is neo-Romanesque.
- On the slope of the Heidelberg there is a Lady Chapel, which was built around 1860 by the farmer Pelz.
- Adolf Rücker (1880–1948), professor of Christian oriental studies
- Johann Georg Knie : Alphabetical-statistical-topographical overview of the villages, towns, cities and other places of the royal family. Preusz. Province of Silesia . 2nd edition, Breslau 1845, p. 368.
- Joseph Kögler : The chronicles of the county Glatz . Revised by Dieter Pohl . Vol. 4, ISBN 3-927830-18-6 , pp. 66-70.
- Peter Güttler: The Glatzer Land . Verlag Aktion West-Ost e. V., ISBN 3-928508-03-2 , pp. 69-70.
- ↑ Marek Šebela, Jiři Fišer: České Názvy hraničních Vrchů, Sídel a vodních toků v Kladsku . In: Kladský sborník 5, 2003, p. 355
- ↑ Alexander August Mützell and Leopold Krug : New topographical-statistical-geographical dictionary of the Prussian state . Volume 3: Kr – O , Halle 1822, p. 99, item 1773.
- ^ Johann Georg Knie : Alphabetical-statistical-topographical overview of the villages, spots, towns and other places of the royal family. Prussia. Province of Silesia, including the Margraviate of Upper Lusatia, which now belongs entirely to the province, and the County of Glatz; together with the attached evidence of the division of the country into the various branches of civil administration . Breslau 1830, p. 426.
- ^ Kraatz: Topographical-statistical manual of the Prussian state . Berlin 1856, p. 349.
- ^ A b Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. habelschwerdt.html # ew39habllichten. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ↑ Michael Breydy: RÜCKER, Adolf. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 8, Bautz, Herzberg 1994, ISBN 3-88309-053-0 , Sp. 936-938.