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District of Kleinbreitenbach von Plaue, in the background the Reinsberge

District of Kleinbreitenbach von Plaue , in the background the Reinsberge

Highest peak Neck cap on Heydaer Berg ( 605.4  m above sea  level )
location Ilm district , Thuringia , Germany
part of (Ilm-Saale- and) Ohrdrufer plate
Classification according to Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany
Reinsberge (Thuringia)
Coordinates 50 ° 45 ′  N , 10 ° 56 ′  E Coordinates: 50 ° 45 ′  N , 10 ° 56 ′  E
rock Shell limestone
Eastern foothills of the mountains of pure Heyda seen from

The Reinsberge between Plaue and Ilmenau are within the scope of the Heydar mountain belonging neck cap to 605.4  m above sea level. NHN high, around 11.5 km long and around 35 km² large, low mountain range in the Ilm district in Thuringia .

By far the most famous and, at 604.1  m, the second highest elevation of the Reinsberge is the Reinsburg , on which there is a castle ruin.

Geographical location

The Reinsberge stretch from Martinroda 4 km northwest of Ilmenau to Arnstadt , where they reach the edge of the Thuringian basin . They are bounded in the south, near Martinroda, by the valley of a Reichenbach tributary, and step west, from south-south-west to north-north-east and each followed by the estuary, right up to the river lowlands of the Reichenbach via Neusiß , the Zahmer Gera to Plaue and finally the Gera via Dosdorf and Siegelbach to Arnstadt, where when they enter the southern core city area, the ridge drops off relatively steeply to the north.

On the east side, from the north of Ilmenau over the Heyda dam to Marlishausen , the Wipfra passes, which, however, mostly keeps a little distance from the actual ridge and only flows into the Gera a good 8 km north of the northern flank of the ridge. The eastern edge locations Heyda and Schmerfeld , however, are of secondary streams, and further north, the left tributary flanked Gomlitz of Reinfeld by Kettmannshausen in about the range of hills from here, the southeast direction of the Eichenberg-Gotha-Saalfeld fault zone following, streamers like the Willinger Mountain in Oberwillingen as far as the Wipfra directly in front of the Ilm and in the “ far foothills” Singener Berg ( 582.6  m ) even pulls over it.
From the latter mountains, the ridge tapers almost linearly to the northwest via Dannheim to Arnstadt.

A hiking trail that is part of the main Eisenach - Jena hiking trail leads over the Reinsberge .

Geology and vegetation

The Reinsberge were formed from rocks from the Triassic formation . They mainly consist of shell limestone. Over the millennia, the weather has sometimes formed bizarre rocks that resemble those in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains . One result of these rock formations is a karst spring on the western slope of the Reinsberge, the Spring von Plaue .

Due to the steeply sloping slopes and deeply cut valleys such as the Kleinbreitenbacher Kessel and the Ziegenried and the different microclimates associated with them, a very diverse vegetation has developed here . While the plateau areas mainly consist of limestone beech forests as well as oak and pine dry forests, there are also locations of many sub-Mediterranean plant species on the south-western slopes .


Important individual mountains are, from north to south (heights above sea ​​level ):

area Mountain name height Remarks Geographic coordinates
Northern part Mountain of the water channel 490.7  m northeast of Siegelbach (western flank) 50 ° 48 '  N , 10 ° 57'  E
Northern part Siegelbach water pipe 490.7  m between Arnstadt and Siegelbach 50 ° 48 '  N , 10 ° 57'  E
Northern part Kuhberg 485.4  m near Dannheim (eastern edge) 50 ° 48 '  N , 10 ° 58'  E
Northern part Haselkoppe 585.9  m north of Reinsfeld (centrally at the branching point) 50 ° 47 '  N , 10 ° 58'  E
Main southwestern arm Strubbelsberg 458.1  m south of Plaue 50 ° 46 '  N , 10 ° 55'  E
Main southwestern arm Reinsburg 604.1  m southwest of Reinsfeld and clearly southeast of Plaues ; Castle ruins (east flank) 50 ° 46 '  N , 10 ° 56'  E
Main southwestern arm Kleinbreitenbacher Berg 585.6  m about 1.5 km northeast of Kleinbreitenbach 50 ° 46 '  N , 10 ° 56'  E
Main southwestern arm Neck cap 605.4  m southwest of Schmerfeld and northwest of Heydas (eastern flank) 50 ° 45 '  N , 10 ° 56'  E
Main southwestern arm Heydaer Berg 503.7  m west of Heyda , between Halskappe and Veronikaberg 50 ° 44 '  N , 10 ° 55'  E
Main southwestern arm Veronika Mountain 552.2  m northeast of Martinroda (extreme south) 50 ° 44 '  N , 10 ° 54'  E
Main southwestern arm Bare mountain 535.6  m between Neusiß and Schmerfeld 50 ° 45 '  N , 10 ° 55'  E
branch and foothills
Gottlobsberg 543.9  m between Branchewinda (northeast) and Kettmannshausen (southwest) 50 ° 47 '  N , 10 ° 59'  E
branch and foothills
Willinger Berg 502.1  m southwest of Oberwillingens 50 ° 46 '  N , 11 ° 1'  E
branch and foothills
Singen mountain 582.6  m northwest of Singens 50 ° 44 '  N , 11 ° 3'  E

for other mountains in Thuringia see list of mountains and elevations in Thuringia

Individual evidence

  1. a b Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
  2. a b The Willinger Berg was calculated from the manual for the red sandstone unit Paulinzellaer Vorland , but from TLUG Jena to the Ilm-Saale- and Ohrdrufer plate . Geologically, he is clearly on shell limestone .
  3. a b The Singener Berg is often attributed to the Ilm-Saale-Platte , as it is to the right of the Ilm. However, it is located southwest of the Eichenberg – Gotha – Saalfeld fault zone ; In addition, its shell limestone is almost 360 ° surrounded by the red sandstone of the Paulinzella foothills and separated from the actual Ilm-Saale plate by a depression .
  4. ^ E. Meynen and J. Schmithüsen : Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany (6th delivery 1959) - Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Remagen / Bad Godesberg 1953–1962 (9 deliveries in 8 books, updated map 1: 1,000,000 with main units 1960)
  5. Hydrogeological map of Thuringia from the Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (PDF; 4.37 MB) ( Even finer maps are available for each district .)

Web links

Commons : Reinsberge  - Collection of images, videos and audio files