|Highest peak||Neck cap on Heydaer Berg ( )|
|location||Ilm district , Thuringia , Germany|
|part of||(Ilm-Saale- and) Ohrdrufer plate|
|Classification according to||Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany|
The Reinsberge between Plaue and Ilmenau are within the scope of the Heydar mountain belonging neck cap to high, around 11.5 km long and around 35 km² large, low mountain range in the Ilm district in Thuringia .
By far the most famous and, at Reinsburg , on which there is a castle ruin.second highest elevation of the Reinsberge is the
The Reinsberge stretch from Martinroda 4 km northwest of Ilmenau to Arnstadt , where they reach the edge of the Thuringian basin . They are bounded in the south, near Martinroda, by the valley of a Reichenbach tributary, and step west, from south-south-west to north-north-east and each followed by the estuary, right up to the river lowlands of the Reichenbach via Neusiß , the Zahmer Gera to Plaue and finally the Gera via Dosdorf and Siegelbach to Arnstadt, where when they enter the southern core city area, the ridge drops off relatively steeply to the north.
On the east side, from the north of Ilmenau over the Heyda dam to Marlishausen , the Wipfra passes, which, however, mostly keeps a little distance from the actual ridge and only flows into the Gera a good 8 km north of the northern flank of the ridge. The eastern edge locations Heyda and Schmerfeld , however, are of secondary streams, and further north, the left tributary flanked Gomlitz of Reinfeld by Kettmannshausen in about the range of hills from here, the southeast direction of the Eichenberg-Gotha-Saalfeld fault zone following, streamers like the Willinger Mountain in Oberwillingen as far as the Wipfra directly in front of the Ilm and in the “ far foothills” Singener Berg ( ) even pulls over it.
From the latter mountains, the ridge tapers almost linearly to the northwest via Dannheim to Arnstadt.
Geology and vegetation
The Reinsberge were formed from rocks from the Triassic formation . They mainly consist of shell limestone. Over the millennia, the weather has sometimes formed bizarre rocks that resemble those in the Elbe Sandstone Mountains . One result of these rock formations is a karst spring on the western slope of the Reinsberge, the Spring von Plaue .
Due to the steeply sloping slopes and deeply cut valleys such as the Kleinbreitenbacher Kessel and the Ziegenried and the different microclimates associated with them, a very diverse vegetation has developed here . While the plateau areas mainly consist of limestone beech forests as well as oak and pine dry forests, there are also locations of many sub-Mediterranean plant species on the south-western slopes .
Important individual mountains are, from north to south (heights above sea level ):
|area||Mountain name||height||Remarks||Geographic coordinates|
|Northern part||Mountain of the water channel||northeast of Siegelbach (western flank)|
|Northern part||Siegelbach water pipe||between Arnstadt and Siegelbach|
|Northern part||Kuhberg||near Dannheim (eastern edge)|
|Northern part||Haselkoppe||north of Reinsfeld (centrally at the branching point)|
|Main southwestern arm||Strubbelsberg||south of Plaue|
|Main southwestern arm||Reinsburg||southwest of Reinsfeld and clearly southeast of Plaues ; Castle ruins (east flank)|
|Main southwestern arm||Kleinbreitenbacher Berg||about 1.5 km northeast of Kleinbreitenbach|
|Main southwestern arm||Neck cap||southwest of Schmerfeld and northwest of Heydas (eastern flank)|
|Main southwestern arm||Heydaer Berg||west of Heyda , between Halskappe and Veronikaberg|
|Main southwestern arm||Veronika Mountain||northeast of Martinroda (extreme south)|
|Main southwestern arm||Bare mountain||between Neusiß and Schmerfeld|
branch and foothills
|Gottlobsberg||between Branchewinda (northeast) and Kettmannshausen (southwest)|
branch and foothills
|Willinger Berg||southwest of Oberwillingens|
branch and foothills
|Singen mountain||northwest of Singens|
→ for other mountains in Thuringia see list of mountains and elevations in Thuringia
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- The Willinger Berg was calculated from the manual for the red sandstone unit Paulinzellaer Vorland , but from TLUG Jena to the Ilm-Saale- and Ohrdrufer plate . Geologically, he is clearly on shell limestone .
- The Singener Berg is often attributed to the Ilm-Saale-Platte , as it is to the right of the Ilm. However, it is located southwest of the Eichenberg – Gotha – Saalfeld fault zone ; In addition, its shell limestone is almost 360 ° surrounded by the red sandstone of the Paulinzella foothills and separated from the actual Ilm-Saale plate by a depression .
- E. Meynen and J. Schmithüsen : Handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany (6th delivery 1959) - Federal Institute for Regional Studies, Remagen / Bad Godesberg 1953–1962 (9 deliveries in 8 books, updated map 1: 1,000,000 with main units 1960)
- Hydrogeological map of Thuringia from the Thuringian State Institute for Environment and Geology (PDF; 4.37 MB) ( Even finer maps are available for each district .)
- Ridge trail over the Reinsberge , description of the hiking trail at quermania.de with historical information and current images