District of the state capital Dresden
|Height :||195–215 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||2.2 km²|
|Incorporated into:||Weixdorf , initially under the name Lausa|
|Postal code :||01108|
|Area code :||0351|
Location of the Gomlitz district in Dresden
Gomlitz is a district in the north of the Saxon state capital Dresden , which has belonged to the municipality or locality Weixdorf since 1914 . The name is derived from Old Sorbian komon (German: horse) or gomola (hill).
Gomlitz is eleven kilometers north of Dresden city center, the inner old town , and is therefore already outside the Elbe valley , from the edge of which it is five kilometers away. Neighbor markings are Weixdorf in the south, Marsdorf in the west and Lausa in the east and north. The area of Gomlitz is identical to the district of the same name and belongs to the village of Weixdorf , which also forms a statistical district of Dresden.
About the Gomlitzer hallway of the runs in a two-kilometer stretch north-east motorway interchange Dresden-Nord the A 4 . In addition, Gomlitz is only one kilometer away from the start of the runway of Dresden Airport and its location in its approach lane, one of the residential areas of Dresden most affected by aircraft noise.
The southern boundary of the district forms the wide valley of the Schelsbach , which flows into the Lausenbach in Lausa . The center of Gomlitz lies at an altitude of about immediately northwest of the center of Weixdorf, which is on the other side of the Schelsbach. Only the south-eastern quarter of the district, which lies on a very dry and nutrient-poor sandy soil or early Pleistocene gravel, is built on. This rather loose development with a village and settlement character extends essentially along Radeburger Landstrasse , Alten Moritzburger Strasse and along the center of Altgomlitz .
The first documented settlement of the area around Gomlitz is attributed to the late Bronze Age and thus took place around 3000 years ago. The remains of a burial ground from this period were found in the property at Alte Moritzburger Straße 55. The graves are typically protected by slabs and stones.
Gomlitz itself was first mentioned in a document in 1378 under the name "Kom (e) nicz". The place name could be based on various names, including Old Sorbian “komon” (old horse), “Komonica” (settlement where a lot of sweet clover grows) or the Old Sorbian personal names “Koman” / “Komon” / “Choman” / “Chomon”. In the 15th and 16th centuries the place names Kommenicz, Konitz and Kommelitz are recorded one after the other. The place, which had a corridor , first appeared as Gomlitz around 1750. The town center, a typical alley village , has been preserved in parts to this day. Several quarry stone and half-timbered houses as well as old quarry stone walls stand here to this day. One of the oldest buildings is located at Alten Moritzburger Straße 7 and dates from 1763.
Throughout its history, Gomlitz was administratively part of the office or the administrative governing body of Dresden . In 1450 a Vorwerk was mentioned in Gomlitz and in 1547 a second. Around 1600 the village and its neighboring villages Weixdorf, Lausa and Hermsdorf were under the control of the von Zschieren family. From 1696 Gomlitz belonged to the Hermsdorf manor . The village was parish off to Lausa as early as 1539. Around 1900 it grew together with the directly adjacent center of Weixdorf and finally merged with it and Lausa in 1914 to form the municipality of Lausa , which was renamed Weixdorf in 1938. As part of this locality, Gomlitz was incorporated into Dresden on January 1, 1999.
- Weixdorf village on dresden-lexikon.de
- District 35 - Weixdorf on dresden.de (PDF; 343 kB)
- Alliance 90 / The Greens Group provides consultation brochure to a vote again: questions for Question Time on gruene-fraktion-dresden.de ( Memento of 7 October 2007 at the Internet Archive )
- Peter Manthey: Dresden Airport provides information. In: Mitteilungen für Hellerau No. 66, February 2006.
- Two families fought - it was worth it! onfluglaerm.de, 2007 (PDF; 51 kB)
- Page no longer available , search in web archives: Document on the expansion of Dresden Airport on the website of Member of the Bundestag Stephan Kühn
- Weixdorf village on dresden-und-sachsen.de ( Memento from July 29, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- Gomlitz in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Gomlitz on dresdner-stadtteile.de
- Chronicle of the village of Weixdorf.
- Lössnitz and Moritzburg pond landscape (= values of our homeland . Volume 22). 1st edition. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1973.