Luga (Dresden)

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District of the state capital Dresden
Coordinates: 50 ° 59 ′ 0 ″  N , 13 ° 50 ′ 0 ″  E
Height : 115-200 m above sea level NN
Incorporation : 1922
Incorporated into: Niedersedlitz
Postal code : 01259
Area code : 0351
Landkreis Bautzen Landkreis Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge Landkreis Meißen Altfranken Altstadt I Altstadt II Blasewitz Borsberg Brabschütz Briesnitz Bühlau Coschütz Cossebaude Cotta Cunnersdorf Dobritz Dölzschen Dresdner Heide Eschdorf Friedrichstadt Gönnsdorf Gomlitz Gompitz Gorbitz Gostritz Großluga Kleinluga Großzschachwitz Gruna Helfenberg Hellerau Gittersee Hellerberge Hosterwitz Kaditz Kaitz Kauscha Kemnitz Kleinpestitz Kleinzschachwitz Klotzsche Krieschendorf Langebrück Laubegast Lausa Leuben Leubnitz-Neuostra Leuteritz Leutewitz Lockwitz Löbtau Loschwitz Malschendorf Marsdorf Merbitz Meußlitz Mickten Mobschatz Mockritz Naußlitz Neustadt Nickern Obergohlis Niedergohlis Niederpoyritz Niedersedlitz Niederwartha Oberpoyritz Oberwartha Ockerwitz Omsewitz Pappritz Pennrich Pieschen Pillnitz Plauen Podemus Prohlis Räcknitz Reick Reitzendorf Rennersdorf Rochwitz Roitzsch Rossendorf Roßthal Schönborn Schönfeld Schullwitz Seidnitz Söbrigen Sporbitz Steinbach Stetzsch Strehlen Striesen Tolkewitz Torna Trachau Trachenberge Übigau Unkersdorf Wachwitz Weißer Hirsch Weißig Weixdorf Wilschdorf Wölfnitz Zaschendorf Zöllmen Zschertnitz Zschierenmap
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Location of the districts Großluga and Kleinluga in Dresden
The districts Groß- and Kleinluga

Luga is a district in the southeast of the Saxon state capital Dresden . It is located on the outskirts in the two districts Groß- and Kleinluga and mostly belongs to the district of Prohlis .


Luga is located 10 km southeast of Dresden city center, the inner old town , on the flat slopes of the Elbe valley rising slowly to the south , which is 207  m above sea level south of the district in Lugberg . Reach NN . Kleinluga lies to the south and further uphill, whereas the Großlugaer Flur, which is somewhat more extensive in terms of area, is more north on downhill terrain. The border between the two districts runs largely along Dohnaer Strasse; Großluga only extends south of this traffic route in the area of ​​its village center in the east of Luga.

Neighboring districts are the other Dresden districts of Sporbitz in the northeast, Großzschachwitz in the north, Niedersedlitz in the northwest and Lockwitz in the west. Dohna and the Heidenau districts of Wölkau and Gommern already border on Dresden's outer city limits in the south and east .

The two Luga districts largely belong to the statistical district of Lockwitz . A strip in the north of the Großluga district belongs to the statistical district of Niedersedlitz; the extreme north between the Dresden – Bodenbach railway and the Lockwitzbach , which marks the northern border of Luga in the Bosewitzer Strasse area, is already counted as part of the statistical district of Großzschachwitz and thus of the Leuben district .

Lugaer Platz, village center Großlugas

The double district of Luga has two town centers; Historic farmhouses have been preserved in both, including three and four-sided farms . The Großlugaer Dorfplatz is called Lugaer Platz and is 140  m above sea level. NN and thus just like the Kleinluga town center Teichplatz ( 150  m above sea level ) located about 300 m to the west, already well above the bottom of the Elbe valley . The Maltengraben flows around the locality of Luga in the west and north and often causes extensive flooding in neighboring properties, especially after heavy rainfall. To reduce the risk of flooding , a retention basin was built in the Maltental southwest of Luga . The Kleinlugaer village pond, on the other hand , is fed by the Hallborn , a small spring. On Teichplatz also is a 1883 planted and now as a natural monument ND 88 reported Luthereiche .

There are housing estates especially in Großluga, north of Dohnaer Straße. The location is surrounded by extensive undeveloped areas, often fields, that separate it from the surrounding districts of Dresden. In contrast, Luga has grown closer structurally with Heidenau-Gommern. The main transformer station in Dresden-Süd extends along the railway line and an industrial area to the north of it. In the southwest of Kleinluga there is a dump that emerged from an open-cast clay mine.

The most important street in Luga is the state road 172 , which crosses the district under the name Dohnaer Straße and via which a connection to the city center can be established in a 15-minute drive. The Steile Strasse / Lugturmstrasse, which connects Kleinluga with Heidenau-Wölkau, and the Lugaer Strasse, which leads from Großluga in the direction of Niedersedlitz, branch off from here. There are also a total of 15 other named streets in Luga. The construction of a bypass around Luga has been planned for several years ; the S 172 is then to be routed north around the location. The Heidenau junction of the A 17 is located directly west of Luga . Public transport is the bus line  65 of the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe and the line H / S of the Pirnaer local transport operated by RVSOE . The S-Bahn station Dresden- Zschachwitz is located in the extreme northeast of Großluga .


The villages Groß- and Kleinluga were administratively and manorial not connected with each other for centuries and therefore also show differences in the local history. Only when the two rural communities were united under the name Luga in 1922 did they both share a common history. What they have in common, however, is the Slavic origin of the place name. It is probably derived from ług , the Old Sorbian word for grass swamp, damp and wooded lowland or meadow break (see Luch ). This also corresponds to Luga's location below a slope on the edge of the Elbe lowlands and near the exit of the Maltental.

Grand Luga

Building on Lugaer Platz, the Großluga village center

The village of Großluga was built as a round and was equipped with a block and striped corridor. In 1321 it was first mentioned as villa dicta Luge ; the first two words come from Middle Latin , so the name can be translated as village, called Luga . As early as 1378, a distinction was made between Luk major (Great Luga) and its smaller neighboring village, obviously of the same name. In the period that followed, however, this differentiation no longer exists in some cases. The reason for this lies in belonging to different manors and offices. Großluga is mentioned in the 15th and 16th centuries as Luge , Lugk and Luck ; In 1547 it was called Gros Luga or Gros Lugaw again .

At first, Großluga was owned by the Burgraves of Dohna and from 1321 it was under the Altzella Monastery . In 1408, Friedrich the arguable enfeoffed members of the Dresden patrician Busmann family with the village; the later feudal lords included the Lange family from Röhrsdorf and the old Saxon noble family von Staupitz , a branch of which sat on the manor in Zehista . The initially complete affiliation to the Dresden office gave way in the middle of the 16th century in favor of a Pirna share until around 1690 the entire village was transferred to the Pirna office . In 1875 Großluga still belonged to the Pirna authorities and only later joined the Dresden authorities . The place was parish after Dohna .

Town hall of Großluga from 1898

The school house of the school community of Groß- and Kleinluga with Gommern and Wölkau, founded in 1841, was built in Großluga in the same year; A new school building has existed on Kleinlugaer Strasse since 1899 and is now used by the 90th elementary school . In addition, a town hall of its own was built in 1898 . Until the end of the 19th century , Großluga consisted of only a few farmsteads; The main source of income for the residents was agriculture and also fruit growing , the cultivation of wine and flax and straw weaving . The construction of the railway line then brought an upswing; A large number of industrial companies were founded in what is now the southeast of Dresden . Since living space was required for the workers and employees of these plants, Großluga expanded beyond the village center to the northwest and new apartment buildings were built. In addition, the steel construction company Kelle & Hildebrandt settled in Großluga itself near the border to Niedersedlitz, directly north of the railway line .


The Kleinlugaer Flur was already inhabited during the Middle Bronze Age. This emerges from various relics of a settlement excavated in the clay open-cast mining site, which were dated to this epoch. Old ceramics , grinding stones and storage pits were found. The remains of a Slavic settlement from the 11th and 12th centuries were also discovered between Kleinluga and Niedersedlitz .

Luther oak at Teichplatz, the village center of Kleinlugas

The slightly more loosely built-up Rundling Kleinluga had a block corridor . Unlike Großluga, it was first mentioned in 1378 as Lug minor , which can be translated as Little Luga . The place name then developed in the 15th and 16th centuries via the forms Lußk , Lußkaw , Leischke and Lauscke to Klein Luge , which is mentioned in 1547 and 1554. In 1610 the village was called Klein Lauschka . What is noticeable in the earlier forms of the name Kleinlugas one versus Großluga stronger reference to with LUG urverwandten altsorbischen word Luza , which is a swampy, wet meadow (see. Lausitz and Lausen Bach ).

Kleinluga, which at that time still comprised very few farmsteads, belonged to Hans Marschalgk in 1445, according to old documents. A tribute was also paid to the Meissen cathedral monastery. In 1453, Caspar von Schönberg , then Bishop of Meißen , exchanged parts of Kleinluga for another village with the Saxon Elector Friedrich the Meek . From 1501 the manor owner of Oberlockwitz , initially Stephan Alnpeck , exercised the manorial rule; from then on Lockwitz and Kleinluga were firmly connected. In 1572 a dispute broke out between the landlords and residents of both Lugas over the scarce water reserves; the drinking water had to be conveyed to the villages via long pipe runs . Like Großluga, Kleinluga also belonged to the Dohna parish . In contrast to its neighboring village, however, it was administered almost entirely by the Office or the Administrative Authority of Dresden .

The Dresden-Teplitzer Poststrasse ran south of Kleinluga and is now called Alte Landstrasse in this section . The military often used this important trade and military route in the direction of Bohemia , which, for example, caused some impairments for Luga during the Dohna feud around 1402 and the wars of liberation around 1813. In the course of the Northern Wars , soldiers of the Saxon Army were quartered in Luga . In Kleinluga, too, agriculture was predominant. The village became a rural municipality in 1839. Around 1900, numerous workers who worked in neighboring industrial plants or the three Luga brickworks at that time also settled here . The largest of these three Kleinluga brickworks was the Waschneck brickworks . Since 1880, the Lug Tower, built by the Mountain Association for Saxon Switzerland, has been a well-known excursion destination on the Lugberg south of Dresden. Events have been taking place at the Lug Tower again since 2017.


In 1920 Kleinluga was incorporated into Großluga , the resulting municipality was called Luga. Just two years later, Groß- and Kleinluga became districts of Niedersedlitz. From 1930 Luga and Lockwitz formed a separate parish in the local castle church. Between 1936 and 1938 a housing estate was built in the west of Luga. Together with Niedersedlitz, it was incorporated into Dresden on July 1, 1950 . Three years later, the Luga farmers merged to form an LPG , which was later expanded to include Lockwitz and Nickern .

To date, Luga is mainly a residential area, but it also has several significant commercial enterprises. The village centers were restored after the fall of the Wall . After 2000, the Green Quarter was also built , a small housing estate also known as the Garden City of Großluga in the west of Großluga.

Population development

year Grand Luga Kleinluga total
1547/51 10 possessed men , 19 residents 5 possessed man k. A.
1764 11 possessed men, 1 cottage owner 4 possessed men, 9 cottagers k. A.
1834 70 83 153
1871 121 134 255
1890 150 145 295
1910 691 295 986

Web links


Commons : Luga  - collection of images, videos and audio files



Individual evidence

  1. Grand Luga. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  2. ^ Lockwitz with Kauscha, Luga and Nickern. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  3. Flood Protection - Waters II. Order on ( Memento from October 9, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  4. Protected areas according to the Nature Conservation Act. (PDF; 332 kB) In: Umweltatlas 06/2014. Environmental Office of the City of Dresden, accessed on October 24, 2019 .
  5. Kleinluga. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  6. Grand Luga. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  7. Dresden line network. Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe, accessed on October 24, 2019 .
  8. ^ Karlheinz Hengst : Place names of South West Saxony (=  German-Slavic research on naming and settlement history . Volume 39 ). Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-05-003684-2 , pp. 72 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  9. ^ Districts of Großluga and Kleinluga. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  10. a b Großluga in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  11. a b Kleinluga in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  12. The Lug Tower. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .
  13. history. In: Retrieved October 24, 2019 .