Rhenish music school

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Rheinische Musikschule, Vogelsanger Strasse, Cologne

The Rheinische Musikschule , founded in 1845, is the city of Cologne's music training center . Michael Kobold, who retired on October 31, 2013, has headed the educational institution since 1996. Tilman Fischer has been the director of the music school since November 1, 2013.


1815 to 1925

In 1815 the Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung published a proposal to found a training facility in Cologne based on the model of the Conservatoire de Paris . Another appeal was made on June 3, 1843 in the Kölnische Zeitung . On January 27, 1845, the City Council of Cologne agreed in its meeting on the establishment of a Rheinische Musikschule . The focus of the musical training was initially violin , piano , solo and choral singing . The teaching building was on Neumarkt . The starting age of the students was 15 years. The first head of the school was Heinrich Dorn . Ferdinand Hiller followed him in 1849 . Hiller favored an increased training of professional musicians, in contrast to his predecessor, who had more private music teachers for music lovers in mind. In 1850 there were 17 pupils, who were taught by eight teachers. The school was financed by patrons such as the Cologne families DuMont, Farina and Oppenheim.

In 1858 the school was renamed the Conservatorium der Musik in Coeln . The move to Glockengasse followed . In 1861, a Prussian decree granted the school the status of a legal person as the first of its kind in royalty . After an interim building in Marzellenstrasse, the school found a new location in Wolfstrasse with classrooms, a stage hall with 350 seats and a library. In 1884 the school had 152 students. Foreign students came from North America and Australia. Hiller's successor was Franz Wüllner . Wüllner set up an orchestra school, an opera school and a piano teacher seminar. Compulsory subjects such as ear training , music theory , music history , form theory and participation in choral singing were introduced.

"In Wüllner's time, his facilities in Cologne were a model for music schools from Vienna to London."

- Heinrich Lindlar

Composers who taught at the Rheinische Musikschule during Wüllner's time were Engelbert Humperdinck , Arnold Mendelssohn , Otto Neitzel and Franz Bölsche .

Fritz Steinbach was Wüllner's successor from 1903 to 1914 . Steinbach won Elly Ney , Carl Friedberg , Fritz Hans Rehbold , Lazzaro Uzielli and Bram Eldering as teachers. In 1914 the school had over 800 students. In the winter semester of 1914/15 the number sank to below 600. In 1920, 1,100 students were again enrolled.

Hermann Abendroth became the new director of the conservatory in 1915. New teachers were Emanuel Feuermann , Hermann Zitzmann , Hede von Lukowitz-Toepel , Hermann Unger , Gottfried Grote , Henny Wolff , Hans Hulverscheidt and Reinhard Schwarz-Schilling .

In 1925 the school was reformed. The statutes and examination regulations were based on the double of a state university for music and a municipal Rheinische Musikschule .

1925 to 1975

After 1925 music education was divided into a music college and a Rheinische Musikschule . The field of music academy included the master classes for instrumental playing and singing, composition , music theory, music history, rhythm , opera school, and the departments for Protestant and Catholic church music as well as school music. The preparatory classes for the orchestra school, the opera choir school and classes for amateur and youth music belonged to the area of ​​the Rheinische Musikschule.

After the National Socialists came to power, the university director Walter Braunfels was dismissed. Hermann Abendroth was also expelled from his position. In 1935 Martin Karl Hasse took over the management of the university, and Hermann Unger was appointed director of the Rheinische Musikschule . After 1939, teaching was very limited due to the convening of teachers and students. Many students were posted to the front concerts . On June 29, 1943, the buildings on Wolfstrasse and Mauritiussteinweg were destroyed. Some of the lessons were still given in the teachers' private apartments.

After 1945 Heinrich Lemacher began to reorganize the school. Heinz Schkommodau , Loni Binhold , Else Schmitz-Gohr , Anny Beuthel and Wilhelm Drey now taught at the Rheinische Musikschule . Due to the lack of teachers and rooms, the music academy and the Rheinische Musikschule were initially reunited. In 1946 Walter Braunfels took over the management of the so-called "Rheinische Musikhochschule", which found a place to stay in the Palais Oppenheim on the banks of the Oberland . A third of the lessons initially took place in private apartments. In 1947 Hans Mersmann became the new head. In 1950 both institutions again had over 600 students and 65 lecturers. Through a large number of joint lecturers, both schools were closely intertwined until well into the 1960s, which was quite intentional. In 1953, both institutes moved into the former WDR building on Dagobertstrasse and remained under one roof. In 1957, Heinz Schröter became head of both schools. Robert Engel, head of the seminar for youth and folk music, wrote a “memorandum on the independence of the Rheinische Musikschule” in 1960.

In 1962 the Rheinische Musikschule was opened under the old name Conservatory of the City of Cologne independent again. Under the direction of Hugo Wolfram Schmidt and Robert Engel, the school found its final location in Vogelsanger Strasse, which it still has today. The offer included instrumental and vocal training, seminars for private music teachers and music school teachers. In 1965 institutes for Protestant and Catholic church music were established. In 1963 Karlheinz Stockhausen started the courses for new music . At the 2nd Cologne courses for new music , a. a. Artists like Luc Ferrari , Henri Pousseur , Luciano Berio , Aloys Kontarsky , Herbert Schernus , Michael Gielen , Martina Arroyo , Christoph Caskel , Aurele Nicolet , Siegfried Palm and Francis Pierre . The project was supported by the Musikhochschule and the WDR and received international attention. The counterpart to the courses for new music were the courses for early music initiated in 1964 and directed by Alfred Krings . Lecturers included Rudolf Ewerhart , Wilhelm Ehmann , Gustav Leonhardt , Hans-Martin Linde , Johannes Koch and Helmuth Rilling . In 1966 a separate institute for early music was founded. Permanent teachers were Annemarie Bohne , Rosemarie Daehn-Wilke , Heiner Spicker , Günther Höller , Werner Mauruschat and Walter Holy . In 1967 the school had 700 students, including 377 professional students. In 1966, the Music High School of the City of Cologne was established in cooperation with the Humboldt High School .

In 1968 Heinrich Lindlar became the new headmaster. The plans to convert the music school into a technical college came to nothing. Vocational departments have now been transferred to the Cologne University of Music . The part-time courses remained at the Rheinische Musikschule, such as the institutes for church music (C), the seminar for music school teachers in the youth and school music department , the opera studio, the advanced training seminar for early musical education and instrumental lessons for laypeople. In 1971 a seminar for light music was founded, led by Karel Krautgartner . In 1969 the composer Mauricio Kagel took over the courses for new music , which were later continued by Bojidar Dimov as an internship for new music .

Orchestra and choirs

In addition to instrumental lessons, the Rheinische Musikschule maintains several orchestras and choirs in which collective music-making is taught. These include the Cologne Youth Symphony Orchestra , the music school's youth wind orchestra and the Lucky Kids .

Support association

The Rheinische Musikschule receives financial support from the Association of Friends and Patrons of the Rheinische Musikschule Köln . This makes it possible, among other things, to take part in competitions such as young people playing music , the purchase of musical instruments and study trips.


Web links

Commons : Rheinische Musikschule  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ City of Cologne - Office for Press and Public Relations Press releases from September 5, 2013: New management for Rheinische Musikschule. Director Michael Kobold is retiring , by Nicole Trum , accessed on September 6, 2013
  2. ^ A b Heinrich Lindlar: History of the Rheinische Musikschule.
  3. ^ Antonie Eickelberg, Peter Lachmund, Erika Herrenbrück: The history of the Rheinische Musikschule .

Coordinates: 50 ° 56 '39.4 "  N , 6 ° 55' 27.4"  E