Zindelstein ruins

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zindelstein ruins
Zindelstein ruins

Zindelstein ruins

Creation time : before 1225
Castle type : Höhenburg, spur location
Conservation status: Wall remains, stump of the donjon
Standing position : Counts, ministerials
Place: Donaueschingen- Wolterdingen
Geographical location 47 ° 59 '9.6 "  N , 8 ° 22' 59.9"  E Coordinates: 47 ° 59 '9.6 "  N , 8 ° 22' 59.9"  E
Height: 750  m above sea level NN
Zindelstein ruins (Baden-Württemberg)
Zindelstein ruins

The Zindelstein ruins are the ruins of a hilltop castle at 750  m above sea level. NN between Furtwangen and Wolterdingen, a district of the city of Donaueschingen in the Schwarzwald-Baar district in Baden-Württemberg . It lies on a rock spur on the left bank of the Breg .


The castle was probably built in the 12th century by the Counts of Zähringen and mentioned in a document in 1225. It served to protect the connecting road between the Breisgau and Villingen and together with the Kirnberg and Warenburg castles formed a fortress line. After the death of Duke Berthold V , the last Zähringer, in 1218, the property came as heir to the Counts of Urach , who now called themselves Counts of Freiburg . From the middle of the 13th century the castle was owned by the Fürstenberg family and in the 14th century belonged to Count Hugo von Fürstenberg. After the Fürstenbergers had built Neu-Fürstenberg Castle further west near Hammereisenbach , Zindelstein Castle lost its importance and was mentioned more and more often as the Burgstall . In 1497 the castle went to Jörg Stähelin von Stockburg, but in 1505 it was bought back by Count Wolfgang von Fürstenberg . On May 7, 1525, the castle was destroyed in the German Peasants' War by the Klettgauer Haufen under Hans Müller and later used as a quarry.

Zähringer ministers lived at the castle for a while . Countess Adelheid, the widow of Count Egino V , who later went to the Günterstal monastery south of Freiburg im Breisgau as a nun , also lived there. Count Gottfried von Freiburg-Fürstenberg, a son of Eginos V, who later was Canon of Constance, also lived on Zindelstein.


The castle complex was separated from the plateau by a ditch . The oldest part of the castle is probably the Stauffer period dungeon . A younger outer bailey was located south of the main castle , which was partially destroyed by a landslide in 1970. Remnants of the wall and the stump of the keep are still preserved from the former castle complex.


There are also several legends about Zindelstein Castle. According to the best known, a knight of Zindelstein moved to the Orient during the crusade and returned home with rich booty. Underneath was a splendid carbuncle which the knight occasionally placed on the castle battlements. Its sparkle (“Zündeln”) lit up the entire Bregtal valley and gave the castle its name. Another legend tells that once playing children discovered a secret passage on the "Bummiges Mark", a boundary stone near Tannheim, which led from Zindelstein Castle to Tannheim Monastery. In the same place, the ghosts of the Lords of Zindelstein are said to frighten hikers at night.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Arthur Hauptmann: Castles then and now - castles and castle ruins in southern Baden and neighboring areas . Verlag Südkurier, Konstanz 1984, ISBN 3-87799-040-1 , p. 154.
  2. ^ Peter Schmidt-Thomé: The Zindelstein Castle in the Bregtal , 2014.