Jindřichův Hradec Castle
The Jindřichův Hradec Castle (German: Neuhaus ; literally translated: Heinrichsburg ) in the town of the same name Jindřichův Hradec belongs to the Okres Jindřichův Hradec in the Czech Republic . The castle has been a listed building since May 3, 1958 and has been listed as a national cultural monument of the Czech Republic since November 15, 1995 .
The original castle was probably built in the 10th century on a rampart above the confluence of the Hamerský potok and the Nežárka . It was first mentioned in 1220 and called "Novum castrum". The owner was Heinrich I. von Neuhaus , the founder of the Witigon family branch of the Lords of Neuhaus . The Czech place name attribute Jindřichův , used from 1410 onwards, goes back to him .
The oldest parts of the castle (keep, Romanesque-Gothic palace with the Holy Spirit Chapel) were built before the 1259th The wall paintings with German inscriptions were created in 1338. You can see a comprehensive cycle on the legend of St. George and the founder Ulrich III. von Neuhaus and the Neuhauser Komtur . On a coat of arms gallery 19 noble gentlemen are shown who took part in the Order's Crusades to Prussia and Lithuania from 1322-1337 .
Conversion to a renaissance castle
In the 16th century, under Joachim von Neuhaus and his son Adam II , the castle was converted into a representative Renaissance castle and expanded to include the new building . The late Gothic palace became part of the so-called Spanish wing. Particularly worth seeing are the arcades that connect the parts of the building with each other, as well as the roundel, completed in 1596, which, with its magnificent vault and gilded relief decoration, is one of the main works of the Bohemian Renaissance. The renovation was carried out according to plans by the Italian architects Antonio Ericer and Baldassare Maggi .
After the death of the last male descendant of the von Neuhaus family, Joachim Ulrich , his younger sister Lucie Otilie, who had been married to Wilhelm Slavata since 1602, inherited his property . His descendants bequeathed the Neuhaus castle and rule to Messrs. Czernin von Chudenitz in 1693 .
1688–1696 a baroque fountain was built in the inner courtyard. In 1773 a fire destroyed large parts of the castle.
Eugen Czernin von Chudenitz, who rediscovered the George cycle in 1838, earned merits in the reconstruction and maintenance of the palace. He moved the Czernin archive to the Neuhauser Schloss, which also houses the archives of the Neuhaus and Slawata families and is the second largest aristocratic archive in Bohemia. In 1945 the Czernin family was expropriated. Castle, estate and archive passed into state ownership. 1976-1993 the castle was extensively renovated.
With its architecture and valuable interior design, including a picture gallery, Jindřichův Hradec Castle is one of the most interesting sightseeing objects in South Bohemia.
The entire complex of the castle can be described as an architecturally harmonious overall picture despite the renovation in different styles over the ages; One of the sights in the castle's picture gallery is a painting from 1460 of the Madonna of Jindřichův Hradec named after the castle . The cycle of pictures from 1338 on the legend of St. George in a room next to the castle chapel is not only of art historical interest.
- Joachim Bahlcke , Winfried Eberhard, Miloslav Polívka (eds.): Handbook of historical places . Volume Bohemia and Moravia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 329). Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8 , pp. 398-402.
- Ewald Volgger (Hrsg.): Sankt Georg and his picture cycle in Neuhaus / Böhmen (Jindřichův Hradec) - historical, art-historical and theological contributions. Series of publications: Sources and studies on the history of the Teutonic Order; 57 - NG Elwert Verlag, Marburg 2002, ISBN 3-7708-1212-3 .
- Castles, pens and palaces. Regions Waldviertel, Danube Region, South Bohemia, Vysočina, South Moravia, ISBN 978-3-9502262-2-5 , p. 55 f.
- Zámek ÚSKP 194 in the monument catalog pamatkovykatalog.cz (Czech).
- Baldassare Maggi. Architect. In: tessinerkuenstler-ineuropa.ch. Retrieved January 9, 2020 .
- Jindřichův Hradec. In: Kerstin Micklitza, André Micklitza: Discovering the Czech Republic: On the way in Bohemia and Moravia Trescher series of trips. Trescher Verlag, 2006.
- Gregor Martin Lechner, OSB: On the iconography of the George cycle in the Jindřichův Hradec castle (South Bohemia). In: Ewald Volgger (Hrsg.): Sankt Georg and his picture cycle in Neuhaus / Bohemia (Jindřichův Hradec). Marburg 2002, pp. 48-63.