from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Satellite image of the island
Satellite image of the island
Waters Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Kuril Islands
Geographical location 46 ° 58 ′  N , 152 ° 2 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 58 ′  N , 152 ° 2 ′  E
Location of Simushir
length 59 km
width 12 km
surface 227.6 km²
Highest elevation Milna
1539  m
Residents uninhabited

Simushir ( Russian Симушир ; Japanese 新知 島 , Shimushiru -tō ) is an uninhabited volcanic island in the Pacific Ocean , which geographically belongs to the central group of the Kuril Islands and thus politically to the Sakhalin Oblast of Russia .


The island is 59 km long, 12 km wide and has an area of ​​around 227.6 km². The elongated island is formed by a series of several volcanoes. Listed from northeast to southwest are:

  • Urataman , the 678  m high Somma volcano on the northeast tip of Simushir. Its caldera, 7.5 km in diameter, is partly in the sea.
  • Prewo , 1360  m high stratovolcano .
  • Sawarizkogo , last eruption in 1957; up to 624  m high; Nesting of 3 calderas with diameters of 10, 8 and 3 kilometers; the crater lake is around 40 m high.
  • Milna , 1539  m high Somma volcano in the extreme southwest of the island and its highest point.
  • Gorjaschtschaja Sopka , last outbreak 1918; 891  m high stratovolcano located northwest of the Milna.


The island was first settled by the Ainu in the 19th century. The island was ceded in the Treaty of San Francisco in 1952. Previously, she was part of the Shimushiru-gun , sub-prefecture Nemuro , Hokkaido Prefecture , Japan . At the time of the existence of the Soviet Union , the island was used for military purposes. At the north end of the island there is a former submarine base.

Web links

Commons : Simushir  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 北方 領土 の 位置 と 面積 ( Eng . "Location and area of ​​the Northern Territories"). (. No longer available online) 北方領土問題対策協会 (dt. "Society for action on the issue of the Northern Territories") Independent Administrative Institution of the Cabinet Office , archived from the original on 23 February 2009 ; Retrieved July 3, 2009 (Japanese). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /