Skoczów ( German Schötzow ) is a village in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland . It belongs to the Gmina Dygowo (rural community Degow) in the powiat Kołobrzeski (Kolberger Kreis) .
The village is located in Western Pomerania , about 115 kilometers northeast of Stettin and about 20 kilometers southeast of Kołobrzeg (Kolberg) .
The closest neighboring towns are Jażdże (Jaasder Katen) in the west, Wyganowo (Kuhhagen) in the northeast, Mierzyn (Alt Marrin) in the southeast and Wrzosowo (Fritzow) in the southwest .
The village was laid out in the Middle Ages during the German East Settlement in the form of an Angerdorf by merging three Slavic settlements called Zambove, Zeliciz and Speprav to form what was then a modern village. The village was first mentioned in 1276 when the Bishop of Cammin, Hermann von Gleichen , confirmed his possessions to the Kolberg Cathedral Chapter . This also included the tenth from the village called "Schotsow", which was probably established a few years earlier.
In 1429 the village appeared in the possession of the Kolberg nunnery .
After the Reformation Schötzow came into the feudal possession of the noble von Sager family , a small Pomeranian noble family. After this family died out, Schötzow was given a new fiefdom to the Brandenburg-Prussian officer Caspar Seibert, who was later ennobled as Caspar von Cronenfels . In 1750 Schötzow was allodified. The descendants of Caspar von Cronenfels sold Schötzow in 1781 to the then judge Ludwig Wilhelm August von Gerlach and his brother Carl Friedrich Leopold von Gerlach .
In Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann's detailed description of the current state of the Royal Prussian Duchy of Western and Western Pomerania (1784), Schötzow is listed among the noble estates of the Principality of Cammin . At that time there was a Vorwerk in the village in Schötzow, a Vorwerk located in the Feldmark (the Schötzow Vorwerk, which was probably built at the beginning of the 18th century ), a windmill, five farms and three cottages , a total of 22 households ("fire places ").
In the course of the 19th century, Schötzow changed hands several times and also came into civil hands until it was acquired in 1884 by a member of the noble Blanckenburg family. The estate remained in the possession of the Blanckenburg family until 1945. Richard von Blanckenburg (* 1854, † 1926), a member of the Prussian mansion, was among the owners .
The larger manor district of Schötzow and the smaller rural community of Schötzow had coexisted since the 19th century . As of 1905, the manor district Schötzow comprised 763 hectares of land and had 214 inhabitants, the rural community Schötzow only 161 hectares of land and 71 inhabitants. With the dissolution of the manor districts in Prussia, the manor district of Schötzow was incorporated into the rural community of Schötzow in 1928.
Schötzow was in the Fürstenthum district until 1872 and when it was divided it became part of the Kolberg-Körlin district . Before 1945, the community also belonged to Schötzow and the Vorwerk Schötzow residential area .
In 1945, Schötzow, like all of Western Pomerania, came to Poland. The inhabitants often had to do forced labor for the Soviet power and for Poland and were mostly expelled in 1947 ; In the 1970s there was still a German family living in the village. The place name was Polonized to "Skoczów". Today the place belongs to Gmina Dygowo (rural community Degow) .
Development of the population
- 1816: 138 inhabitants
- 1855: 301 inhabitants
- 1885: 273 inhabitants
- 1905: 285 inhabitants
- 1919: 263 inhabitants
- 1933: 271 inhabitants
- 1939: 248 inhabitants
- Manfred Vollack : The Kolberger Land. Its cities and villages. A Pomeranian homeland book. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum 1999, ISBN 3-88042-784-4 , pp. 599-605.
- Schötzow at the Kolberger Lande association
- ↑ Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann : Detailed description of the current state of the Royal Prussian Duchy of Western and Western Pomerania . Part II, Volume 2, Stettin 1784, pp. 595-596 ( online ).
- ↑ community Schötzow in the information system Pomerania.
- ↑ a b c d e f g Manfred Vollack : The Kolberger Land. Its cities and villages. A Pomeranian homeland book. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum 1999, ISBN 3-88042-784-4 , p. 602.
Coordinates: 54 ° 8 ' N , 15 ° 51' E