Wrzosowo (Dygowo)

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Wrzosowo ( German  Fritzow ) is a village in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship in Poland . It belongs to the Gmina Dygowo (rural community Degow) in the powiat Kołobrzeski (Kolberger Kreis) .

Site (photo from 2009)
Village church (photo from 2008)

Geographical location

The village is located in Western Pomerania , about 115 kilometers northeast of Stettin and about 20 kilometers southeast of Kołobrzeg (Kolberg) .

The Voivodship Road 163 runs through the village from west to south-east , the course of which here corresponds to the former Reichsstrasse 124 . The closest neighboring towns are in the west a little off the voivodship road Jazy (Jaasde) , in the north Jażdże (Jaasder Katen) , in the north-east Skoczów (Schötzow) , in the south-east along the voivodship road Łykowo (Leikow) and in the south-west, separated by the Persante river , Kłopotowo (Klaptow) .


The village was laid out in the Duchy of Pomerania in the 13th century during the German East Settlement in the form of an anger village. The village was mentioned for the first time in a document from 1240, which included an extensive exchange of countries and rights between Duke Barnim I of Pomerania and Bishop Konrad III. von Cammin, then with the place name "Vressow".

In 1263, Hermann von Gleichen , the Bishop of Cammin , founded the parish church in Fritzow and established the area of ​​the new parish church. The villages of Lübchow , Klaptow , Peterfitz , Jaasde , Leikow and Poldemin were parished after Fritzow .

The seal of a Borco de Vressow is handed down from 1282, so the village should have been a residence of the Pomeranian primeval Borcke family at that time. In 1283 the Kolberg nunnery acquired a third of the village, but soon lost it again.

In the 14th century Fritzow appeared together with the nearby cleaner as a fief of the noble Damitz family . In the 16th century it belonged to a Lucas Femer, with whom the Pomeranian noble family Vemer died out.

In the 18th century the ownership of Fritzow was temporarily divided into two parts. Members of the Damitz family were again among the owners . Finally, Catharina Maria von Blankensee, born von Münchow , managed to unite all of Fritzow in her hand. In 1770 she bought the smaller share from Lieutenant General Dubislaw Friedrich von Platen , and in 1772 the larger share from one of Damitz. She handed over Fritzow to her daughter and her husband in 1774.

In Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann's detailed description of the current state of the Royal Prussian Duchy of Western and Western Pomerania (1784), Fritzow is listed among the noble estates of the Principality of Cammin . At that time there was a Vorwerk in Fritzow, the farm, a preacher, six farms, a parish farmer, a schoolhouse and a jug, a total of 21 households ("fire places").

Fritzow changed hands several times during the 19th century.

In 1859 the Belgard – Kolberg railway line was built north and east of the village . A train station was set up on the border with Leikow , which was named after the more important Fritzow. A settlement developed near the train station in the area of ​​the municipality of Leikow, officially called Fritzow train station , often also called Neu Leikow.

The larger Fritzow estate and the smaller Fritzow rural community had coexisted since the 19th century . As of 1905 the Fritzow manor district comprised 478 hectares of land and had 232 inhabitants, the rural community Schötzow only 277 hectares of land and 164 inhabitants. With the dissolution of the manor districts in Prussia, the Fritzow manor district was incorporated into the Fritzow rural community in 1928.

Fritzow was in the Fürstenthum district until 1872 and when it was divided it became part of the Kolberg-Körlin district . Before 1945 there was no other place to live besides Fritzow in the community.

Towards the end of the Second World War , Fritzow was captured by the Red Army on March 6, 1945 . The residents had to leave the village on March 24, 1945, but gradually returned after three weeks. On July 1, 1945, the Polish militia took control of the police, carried out several arrests and began to evict the residents from November 1945 . The eviction of the village population was slower than in other villages, as the Polish military administration had taken over the estate and had residents there work for them. In the 1970s there were still five German families living in the village.

The place name was Polonized to "Wrzosowo". Today the place belongs to Gmina Dygowo (rural community Degow) .

Development of the population

  • 1816: 125 inhabitants
  • 1855: 304 inhabitants
  • 1885: 321 inhabitants
  • 1905: 396 inhabitants
  • 1919: 389 inhabitants
  • 1933: 366 inhabitants
  • 1939: 368 inhabitants

See also


  • Heinrich Berghaus : Land book of the Duchy of Pomerania and the Principality of Rügen . Part III, Volume 1, Anklam 1867, pp. 320-321 ( online ).
  • Manfred Vollack : The Kolberger Land. Its cities and villages. A Pomeranian homeland book. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum 1999, ISBN 3-88042-784-4 , pp. 193-204.

Web links

Commons : Fritzow  - Collection of Images
  • Fritzow at the Kolberger Lande association


  1. Ludwig Wilhelm Brüggemann : Detailed description of the current state of the Royal Prussian Duchy of Western and Western Pomerania . Part II, Volume 2, Stettin 1784, pp. 559-560 ( online ).
  2. ^ Community Fritzow in the Pomeranian information system.
  3. a b c d e f g Manfred Vollack : The Kolberger Land. Its cities and villages. A Pomeranian homeland book. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft, Husum 1999, ISBN 3-88042-784-4 , p. 196.

Coordinates: 54 ° 7 '  N , 15 ° 49'  E