Turkish hip hop

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As a Turkish hip hop in the late 1980s and early is the 1990s, resulting in Germany Turkish-speaking hip-hop refers to the one at that time as a result of immigration from Turkey to the Federal Republic of Germany resulting German-Turkish youth subculture has produced. It combines elements of German and American hip-hop with traditional Turkish instruments, harmonies and the Turkish language and later became a successful genre, especially in Turkey. Performers of Turkish descent living in German-speaking and European countries sometimes perform “Turkish Hip-Hop” in German or English.


DJ Derezon with his son (2002)

Barbara John and the Berlin Senate sponsored Turkish hip-hop projects in youth work in the 1980s . According to the migration researcher Mark Terkessidis , for example, one of the first known Turkish rap crews Islamic Force would “probably not have come about without institutional support in youth clubs etc.”. The group consisted of Boe-B, Maxim , Cut 'em T, Dj Derezon and Killa Hakan , were active in the 1980s, rapping in Turkish and English and released several maxi singles: My Melody / Istanbul (1990), The Whole World is Your Home (1992), the sampler Halt no violence (1992) and the album Mesaj (1998).

However, Karakan from Nuremberg is considered the first Turkish hip-hop band . This already raped and published in Turkish in the mid-1980s. It was created as a solo project by the rapper alper aga , who was also a member of the group "King Size Terror", one of the first hip-hop bands in Germany to release an LP in 1991 entitled The Word is Subversion . Mastermind and producer of the KST group was “Chill Fresh”.

Since German reunification and the initially increasing number of xenophobic attacks in Germany, the German-Turkish hip-hop culture, whose motifs are often compared to the black hip-hop movement in America, has experienced particular growth and success. The Fresh Familee was after the assassination of Solingen hop band hip from Turks and other foreigners outside the migrant community known to be perceived, however, decidedly as "Turkish hip-hop" group because of their English-language presentation without first immigrant.

At that time, Turkish-speaking bands worked anything but mass-compatible with the German market at the time:

“We have found a new way in music for all Turkish young people in the world / (…) We are happy. / But for the Germans we only pollute their fatherland / take away their jobs and are a burden. / Unexpectedly, we become successful. / The time has come to rebel with music - because the Germans are after your life and insult you. "

- From Gurbetci Cocuklari from Islamic Force (German: "Gastarbeiterkinder"), exemplary text example of early Turkish hip-hops in Germany in German translation, quoted from Mark Terkessidis: Migranten . 2000.

It was the German band Cartel that really made Turkish-language hip-hop known internationally and also in the majority of German society . Cartel consisted of various Turkish rap groups and individual rappers such as Cinai Sebeke, Erci E, Karakan etc. In addition to an initial major echo of Turkish hip-hops in European media, the German Turks had great success in their parents' original homeland, according to the Islamic scholar Maria Wurm " because it (s) came from the west and even more because it represented something Turkish that was recognized in the west ”.

It was only after the success of Cartel that a hip-hop scene emerged in Turkey. Group start-ups in Germany now rose even faster.

In addition to Turkish-speaking artists, English and German-speaking rappers of Turkish descent (Cartel, who were successful in Turkey, sang English and German in addition to Turkish) are generally considered to be part of Turkish hip-hop. In recent years, however, the German- speaking representatives in particular have mostly been included in German hip-hop . Aziza A. , for example, was the first Turkish rapper to release her album Es ist Zeit (1997) in 1997.

Present and outlook

The German-Turkish Kool Savas is currently considered one of the best rappers in a German-speaking underground scene that is becoming more and more commercial. Killa Hakan , a former member of the Islamic Force, still raps in Turkish today. Fuat , a former MOR member, lived in Berlin until recently and now in Istanbul. Sagopa Kajmer from Istanbul is also successful as a producer under the name DJ Mic Check.

Well-known representatives


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Mark Terkessidis: Migrants . Hamburg 2000, p. 81.
  2. ^ Mark Terkessidis: Migrants . Hamburg 2000, p. 82.
  3. ^ Mark Terkessidis: Migrants . Hamburg 2000, p. 81.
  4. Nedim Hazar: The pages of the Saz in Germany . In: Aytaç Eryılmaz, Mathilde Jamin (ed.): Fremde Heimat. A history of immigration . Essen 1998, p. 296.
  5. ^ Mark Terkessidis: Migrants . Hamburg 2000, p. 82.
  6. Maria Wurm: Music in Migration. Observations on the cultural articulation of Turkish youth in Germany . 2006.
  7. Nedim Hazar: The pages of the Saz in Germany . In: Aytaç Eryılmaz, Mathilde Jamin (ed.): Fremde Heimat. A history of immigration . Essen 1998, p. 296 f.