City of Zeitz
|Height :||172 m|
|Area :||5.37 km²|
|Residents :||1909 (December 31, 2008)|
|Population density :||355 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||January 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||06711|
|Area code :||03441|
Location of Theißen in Zeitz
The place is on the edge of the Leipzig lowland bay and has major differences in altitude to note in its area. The market square (Platz der Einheit) is located about 167 meters above sea level and is therefore the lowest point on the district.
The only natural body of water is the Maibach, which flows through the village and flows a few kilometers further east into the White Elster . Most of the stream was piped up as early as 1914.
Open pit holes left by lignite mining now form small lakes in the immediate vicinity, which, however, are partly closed to access due to the risk of collapse.
Theißen was probably first mentioned in a document in 1153 and was an agricultural village until around 1830. From then on, lignite mining began to change the entire region north of Zeitz economically and in terms of landscape. With the rapid onset of industrialization, the municipality in the south of the richest Prussian province of Saxony was connected to the Zeitz-Weißenfels railway line (1859).
During the economic crisis in Germany in 1923, 10,000 miners went on a hunger march from Theißen to Zeitz, during which eleven protesters were shot. A memorial in honor of those killed is now on Unity Square. In 1926 a lignite power plant was put into operation. In 1928 the compulsory incorporation of the previously independent village of Reussen took place. At the end of World War II , American troops marched in on April 12, 1945. With the end of the American occupation, Theissen became part of the Soviet zone of occupation and thus later of the GDR, in accordance with the decisions of the Potsdam Conference .
Since the German reunification in 1990 the place belongs to Saxony-Anhalt. In the years that followed, numerous streets were renovated in connection with important commercial settlements. At the end of the 1990s, the “Am Sandberg” residential area was built.
As part of the regional reform in Saxony-Anhalt, incorporation into the city of Zeitz was already under discussion in 2003 . After the relevant contract had already been drawn up, the majority of voters nevertheless voted against it in a citizens' survey. The majority of the municipal council agreed with this result.
From 2005 to 2009 Theissen was part of the Zeitzer Land administrative community .
The municipality of Theißen was incorporated into the city of Zeitz on January 1, 2010 and has had the new postcode 06711 since July 26, 2010.
The local mayor of the municipality of Theißen is Thomas Ham.
coat of arms
The coat of arms was awarded on August 24, 1936 by the Upper President of the Province of Saxony.
Graves and memorials
- Tombs in the New Cemetery for ten Poles who abducted during the Second World War to Germany and victims of forced labor were
- Memorial stone in the center of the village for the victims of war and tyranny (formerly a memorial stone in memory of the KPD chairman Ernst Thälmann , who was murdered in Buchenwald concentration camp in 1944 )
- Cemetery: here there is the tomb of the fallen of the RAD - Flak battery with Theissen.
Culture and sights
- In the Heimatstube (Schulstrasse 9), reports are given on the history of the village and, above all, on the development of lignite mining and refining. Opposite the Heimatstube, the fire brigade association Theißen 1888 e. V. in two exhibitions about the more than 125-year history (founded July 6, 1888) and equipment of the Theißen volunteer fire brigade .
Economy and Infrastructure
The most important company with its headquarters on site is the Mitteldeutsche Braunkohlengesellschaft (MIBRAG) with a total of around 2,000 employees. In 1993 Globus Handelshof AG built a hypermarket. This is the second largest employer after MIBRAG, there are also numerous medium-sized companies.
Compared to the Globus industrial park , another industrial park ( Radeland ) was planned at the end of the 1990s , but has not yet been implemented.
Bundesstraße 91 has passed east of the village since it was opened to traffic on December 23, 2019. It is about 13 km to the Weißenfels junction of the federal motorway 9 (Munich - Berlin), the Gera junction of the federal motorway 4 (Eisenach - Dresden - Görlitz) is about 25 km away.
Regional trains from DB Regio Südost stop every hour at Theißen station on the Weißenfels – Zeitz line . Until 2010, the Burgenland Railway offered two-hour free connections to Naumburg on the Naumburg – Teuchern line . The nearest long-distance train stations are Weißenfels ( IC / ICE ), Naumburg (Saale) Hbf (IC / ICE) and Leipzig Hbf (IC / ICE).
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
- Jürgen Möller: The fight for Zeitz April 1945 . Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2010. p. 219. ISBN 978-3-86777-185-6
- “Our Theißener Heimat” , 1st edition, published by Heimatverein Theißen e. V., 1999.