United States Southern Command
United States Southern Command
Emblem of the SOUTHCOM
|Country||United States of America|
|Armed forces||United States Armed Forces of America|
|Branch of service||Unified Combatant Command|
( see below )
|Strength||approx. 850 soldiers, approx. 130 civilian employees|
|Insinuation||United States Department of Defense|
|Location||Doral near Miami , Florida|
Partnership for the Americas
( Partnership for America )
Operation Unified Response
|Commander||Admiral Craig S. Faller ( USN )|
|Deputy Commander||Lieutenant General Michael T. Plehn ( USAF )|
|Civilian representative of the commander||Ambassador Liliana Ayalde|
The United States Southern Command ( SOUTHCOM , German Southern Command of the United States ) is one of eleven Unified Combatant Commands of the armed forces of the United States . It is responsible for the coordination and management of all US military operations in Latin America (more precisely: South and Central America ) and in the Caribbean . It is part of the Unified Combatant Command system created by the Department of Defense in 1947 and reformed in 2001.
The headquarters of SOUTHCOM has long been on the Howard Air Force Base at the opening of the Panama Canal to the Pacific through. This base was the base for the largest number of military and civil American personnel in Central America. In 1999 SOUTHCOM was relocated to Miami, just as the US government had agreed in the Torrijos-Carter Treaties in 1977, under increasing pressure from the government of Panama and the local population .
Despite all the ties to the USA, then President Ernesto Pérez Balladares was relieved about the withdrawal of the US troops: “In the last 20 to 25 years, the US presence had less and less to protect the canal, but more and more to do their own interests in the region. "
Mission and responsibility
In the war on drugs , SOUTHCOM provides logistical support to the above-mentioned authorities. In order to prevent the import of drugs into the USA, SOUTHCOM monitors all air and sea routes to the USA and to allied states in the region. To this end, it consumes about one percent of the anti-drug budget of the US government (17.8 billion USD in fiscal year 2000). The SOUTHCOM is responsible for 32 sovereign states.
The headquarters of Regional Command is located in Miami ( Florida ), but it also has command post in Fort Buchanan in Guaynabo ( Puerto Rico ) and Soto Cano ( Honduras ). In addition, there are advanced command post ( FOL s, Forward Operating Locations ) in Comalapa ( El Salvador ), Manta ( Ecuador ), Mariscal Estigarribia ( Paraguay ) and on the islands of Aruba and Curacao , which the Kingdom of the Netherlands belong.
Furthermore, there are at SOUTHCOM liaison offices of other federal agencies, such as the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency), the NSA (technical intelligence ), the US Coast Guard (Coast Guard), the ICE ( Immigration and Customs Enforcement ) (customs u. Immigration Department of the Ministry of Homeland Security ), the DIA (Ministry of Defense Intelligence) and the Department of Justice .
The Manta Air Base in Ecuador is the base for SOUTHCOM's drug control.
The command has a staff of around 850 military and around 130 civilian employees.
Subordinate commands and units
- Component Commands
- Other associations and bodies
- Southern Surveillance Reconnaissance Operations Center - "Southern Surveillance and Reconnaissance Operations Center "
- Joint Interagency Task Force - " Interagency Task Force " coordinates the drug control of the individual authorities involved and the military.
- Joint Task Force Guantanamo - "United Task Force Guantanamo " for the intelligence interrogations in Guantanamo
- Joint Task Force Bravo (JTF Bravo) at Soto Cano Air Base , Honduras - United Task Force of all U.S. Forces and Agencies
|No.||Surname||image||Beginning of the appointment||End of appointment|
|23||Admiral Craig S. Faller ( USN )||November 26, 2018||-|
|22nd||Admiral Kurt W. Tidd ( USN )||January 14, 2016||November 26, 2018|
|21st||General John F. Kelly ( USMC )||19th November 2012||January 14, 2016|
|20th||General Douglas M. Fraser ( USAF )||June 25, 2009||19th November 2012|
|19th||Admiral James G. Stavridis ( USN )||October 19, 2006||June 25, 2009|
|18th||General Bantz J. Craddock ( USA )||November 9, 2004||October 19, 2006|
|17th||GEN James T. Hill (USA)||August 18, 2002||November 9, 2004|
|interim||Major General Gary D. Speer (USA)||September 30, 2001||August 18, 2002|
|16||Gene. Peter Pace ( USMC )||September 8, 2000||September 30, 2001|
|15th||Gene. Charles E. Wilhelm (USMC)||September 25, 1997||September 8, 2000|
|14th||GEN Wesley Clark (USA)||July 1996||July 1997|
|interim||Rear Adm. James Perkins (USN)||March 1996||June 1996|
|13||GEN Barry McCaffrey (USA)||February 1994||February 1996|
|interim||MG WA Worthington (USA)||December 1993||January 1994|
|12||GEN George A. Joulwan (USA)||November 1990||November 1993|
|11||GEN Maxwell R. Thurman (USA)||September 1989||November 1990|
|10||GEN Frederick F. Woerner (USA)||June 1987||July 1989|
|9||GEN John R. Galvin (USA)||March 1985||June 1987|
|8th||GEN Paul F. Gorman (USA)||May 1983||March 1985|
|7th||Lieutenant General Wallace H. Nutting (USA)||October 1979||May 1983|
|6th||LTG Dennis P. McAuliffe (USA)||August 1975||September 1979|
|5||GEN William B. Rosson (USA)||January 1973||July 1975|
|4th||GEN George V. Underwood (USA)||September 1971||January 1973|
|3||GEN George R. Mather (USA)||February 1969||September 1971|
|2||GEN Robert W. Porter (USA)||February 1965||February 1969|
|1||GEN Andrew P. O'Meara (USA)||June 1963||February 1965|
The US Southern Command was activated in 1963 and emerged from the US Caribbean Command established in 1947 . Last in command of US Caribbean Command from January 1961 to June 1963 and first in command of US Southern Command since June 1963 was Lieutenant General - later General - Andrew P. O'Meara .