City of Ahlen
|Height :||77 (61-115) m|
|Area :||25.23 km²|
|Residents :||4013 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||159 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postal code :||59227|
|Area code :||02528|
The current districts of Vorhelm are called Dorf, Bahnhof (Bergeickel) and Tönnishäuschen (Isendorf).
Archaeological finds attest that people roamed this area as early as the Stone Age and that people lived here in the pre-Roman Iron Age. The name Vorhelm can be meaningfully interpreted if one does not start from the Latinized spelling Furelmi, in which the h in the middle is omitted:
Two old trade routes crossed in Vorhelm: the “Hellweg”, which climbed from the north behind Vorhelm to the Galgenberg, and the “Friesenstrasse”, which also climbed from the west behind Vorhelm to the Beckum Mountains. From the earliest times, travelers discovered that Vorhelm was the place “before the ascent”. This increase was called "Helle", which was expressly proven for Vorhelm. Vorhelm was the home before the light, the home before the light. From this the name Vorhellehem, Vorhellem and finally Vorhelm emerged.
In the third biography of St. Liudger, written immediately after 864, the name Vorhelm is first mentioned in the Latinized spelling "Furelmi". In this text the name of a Vorhelmer was mentioned for the first time: Wulfbert. He had a sick, deformed child named Amulger. The believing father made a pilgrimage to the grave of Saint Liudger in Werden to pray for his child, and his child was healed.
In 1193 the crusades took place, in which the bishop of Munster was also involved. A popular patron saint of the Crusaders was St. Pancras. The foundation of the Vorhelmer Pankratiuskirche can be associated with this crusade. In 1193 the bishop rearranged the ecclesiastical districts and evidently also elevated the Pankratius Church, privately donated by Vorhelmer Knights, to a parish church. It was assigned as a "parish", that is, as a parish area, apart from the village farmers, the farmers Isendorf (now Tönnishäuschen) and Eickel (now the train station). This not only established the parish, but also the village of Vorhelm in the legal sense. However, this fact was only confirmed in a document in 1254.
Since 1193 Vorhelm belonged to the Archidiakonat (ecclesiastical administrative district) St. Mauritz (Münster) in the upper monastery of the Principality of Münster. In the late Middle Ages, the prince-bishopric was also divided into offices (“secular” administrative districts). Vorhelm belonged to the Wolbeck office, which included the landscape west of the rivers Angel , Werse and Ems with a drosten (nobleman) at the head. Later archdeaconates were replaced by deaneries (church) and offices by circles (political).
Towards the end of the 14th century, the Torck family gained a foothold in Vorhelm. They built the oldest part of the Vorhelm family, acquired or inherited from the Counts von der Mark and the de Beyer and Volenspit families in Vorhelm and the surrounding area many properties and farms that were subject to taxes for centuries.
In 1487 Torck donated the Vicarie St. Anna zu Vorhelm. In 1498 an Antonius chapel was mentioned for the first time at the old intersection, a "Tönnishäuschen", which later became the namesake of the Isendorf farmers. In 1522 the chapel was rebuilt and in 1752 the new building was built at the current location.
From the 16th to the 18th century, numerous wars raged ( Spanish-Dutch War , Thirty Years War , Seven Years War ) as well as the plague and many fire disasters, so that many Vorhelmer residents emigrated to Holland to work as grass mowers or soldiers.
During the Thirty Years' War, Vorhelm suffered from looting and pillage, especially in the 1630s. In 1632 the church was set on fire by passing troops. Several houses burned down with. At times the entire population of the village had fled. Because of the high contributions that were extorted , the village was still heavily in debt for many decades.
In 1628 the first documented rifle festival was held in Vorhelm. Lords at Haus Vorhelm became von Westerholt from 1673, from 1693 from Reede, from 1734 Droste to Vischering and from 1974 from Schall-Riaucour.
After the Peace of Tilsit , the Kingdom of Westphalia was re-established in 1809 , which was ruled by Napoleon's brother Jérôme , and which introduced new administrative structures based on the French model. The Mairie Vorhelm comprised the communities Vorhelm and Enniger and had a total of around 1,000 inhabitants. The Kingdom of Westphalia existed until 1813. After the French withdrew, Prussia took over, initially provisionally, its previous areas on the right bank of the Rhine. Due to the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna , the region became part of Prussia permanently in 1815. Under the Prussian administration, the Vorhelm community was assigned to the Beckum district in the new Münster administrative district and the Westphalia province .
The Vorhelm Office was formed in 1843 from the communities of Enniger and Vorhelm . In 1851 the parish parish Sendenhorst moved from the dissolved office Sendenhorst to the office Vorhelm. The mayor or bailiff was Franz Brüning. The administration was based in Tönnishäuschen (formerly Isendorf).
The Westphalian local poet and priest Augustin Wibbelt was born in 1862 , he lived in Vorhelm, where he died in 1947 and was buried.
From 1870 to 1893 the mineral strontianite (= strontium carbonate ) was mined in Vorhelm . It is used in the production of sugar to remove sugar from the molasses , but is also suitable for the production of tracer ammunition . Since the only abundant and minable deposits of strontianite in the world were in the southern Münsterland, the villages and towns experienced u. a. also forehead with one of the largest mines, the Alwine, a real "gold rush time", which ended quickly in 1893 after strontianite could be replaced by celestine (= strontium sulfate), a product that was made cheaper in England and Sicily.
In 1939 Vorhelm had 1,710 inhabitants and grew to 2,400 inhabitants in 1946 due to the influx of mainly Silesian war refugees and displaced persons .
The parish parish Sendenhorst left the Vorhelm office in 1968 and was incorporated into the town of Sendenhorst. The Vorhelm office was dissolved. The communities Enniger and Vorhelm now belonged to the Sendenhorst office.
In 1968 the Cologne – Berlin line was electrified and passed the Vorhelm.
On January 1, 1975, Vorhelm became a district of Ahlen with almost 4,000 inhabitants. The area of Ahlen increased by around 25%.
The Vorhelm station was shut down by the Deutsche Bundesbahn in 1989 after 101 years. From 1993 to 1999, Vorhelm experienced further population growth through the development of new construction areas.
In the evening hours of May 3, 2001, precipitation of 80 to 120 liters / m² fell on awls and forehead for several hours. In the “Bahnhof” district, the water rose from the canals and flooded several streets (“Ahlener / Vorhelmer flood”).
In 2004 the 750th anniversary of Vorhelm was to be celebrated. However, research by the local pastor Hermann Honermann revealed a much longer history of Vorhelm. In 2004 the 800th anniversary was celebrated.
Officials of Vorhelm
- 1832–1840 Johann Heinrich Brüning (head of the Mairie, also mayor of Sendenhorst until 1851)
- 1840–1895 Franz Brüning (son of Johann Heinrich Brüning).
- 1895–1896 Reinhold Brüning (son of Franz Brüning)
- 1896 Franz Cramer (died on the day of his inauguration)
- 1898–1906 bailiff Devens
- 1906–1912 Bailiff Hueske
- 1912–1916 bailiff Eickenscheidt
- 1916–1925 bailiff Alberty
- 1925–1937 bailiff Weber
- 1937–1945 Bailiff Lilienbecker
- 1945–1954 bailiff Weber
Community leader Vorhelm
- 1843–1850 Theodor Hellmann
- 1850-1863 Ferdinand Bisping
- 1863–1869 Philipp Rieping-Ketteler
- 1869–1886 Theodor Wibbelt
- 1886–1891 Franz Rieping-Ketteler
- 1891–1896 Bernhard Wibbelt
- 1924–1933 Franz Dahmen
- 1933–1934 Wilhelm Dreymann
- 1934–1945 Josef Schwerbrock
- 1945–1948 Hugo Averberg
- 1948–1950 Theodor Bendix
- 1950–1952 Heinrich Rohde-Hüntelmann
- 1952–1953 August Eustermann
- from 1953 Theodor Bendix, Alois Thiemann, Hannes Truelsen
- until December 31, 1974 Heiner Brinkpeter
On January 1, 1975, Vorhelm became a district of Ahlen.
coat of arms
Vorhelm's coat of arms shows a red ribbon on a silver shield with four dark blue diamonds above and three dark blue diamonds below the ribbon. It is designed after the coat of arms of the Knights Torck , where the red ribbon was above the seven diamonds.
House front helmet
The castle was first mentioned in the 14th century as owned by the von Torck family . At the beginning of the 18th century the castle changed hands. The new owners were now the Count Droste zu Vischering . The castle has been owned by the family of the Counts of Schall-Riaucour since 1974 . The chapel of St. Antonius (Tönnishäuschen) belongs to Haus Vorhelm .
The warrior memorial
It was built in 1899 and moved to its current location in 1937. In 1954 the memorial was expanded to include victims of the Second World War.
The maypole is on the main street in the village square. The coats of arms of the individual village associations are attached to it. On the top there is a metal crown on which the Westfalen horse is shown.
Church of St. Pankratius
St. Pankratius is a Roman Catholic Church that was consecrated on October 25, 1893.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Adolf Heidenreich Droste zu Vischering (1769–1826), Drost in Horstmar and Ahlen
- Clemens August Droste zu Vischering (1773–1845), Archbishop of Cologne
- Franz Otto von Droste zu Vischering (1771–1826), Catholic theologian and publicist
- Kaspar Maximilian von Droste-Vischering (1770–1846), Bishop of Münster
- Josef Lange (* 1948), General Secretary of the University Rectors' Conference, State Secretary
- Augustin Wibbelt (1862–1947), poet
Associations and public life
The fire station is centrally located in the center of the village on Auguistin-Wibbelt-Straße. In the fire company , there are about 40 volunteer firefighters. There is also a youth fire brigade with around ten young people and an honorary department. The fire-fighting train Vorhelm is assigned to fire-fighting train 5 in the Ahlen volunteer fire department .
The fleet of the fire engine includes:
- a LF 20 ( fire fighting group vehicle )
- one GW energy / light ( equipment trolley energy / light)
- an MTF ( crew transport vehicle )
TuS Westfalia fore helmet
TuS Westfalia ( TWV for short ) is by far the largest sports club in Vorhelm with 1000 members. In addition, the association founded in 1920, then under a different name than it is today, is the oldest association. The club is divided into six departments: football, volleyball, tennis, table tennis, popular sports and the Klein-Köln carnival society . The soccer department comprises almost a third of the members.
The Vorhelm Musikverein has around 420 members and operates an active musical education and youth work. The Vorhelm Wind Band is known as an ensemble of high musical quality. The 50-strong orchestra has already won awards in several state competitions and is recruited exclusively from musicians from the immediate vicinity of the village. The youth wind orchestra has around 60 active young musicians.
- Official Journal of the Münster Government 1843: Formation of the Vorhelm Office
- Wolfgang Leesch: Administration in Westphalia 1815-1945 . In: Publications of the Historical Commission for Westphalia . tape 38 . Aschendorff, Münster 1992, ISBN 3-402-06845-1 .
- See Sendenhorst stories (Heimatverein Sendenhorst)
- GenWiki: Office Vorhelm
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 312 .
- Material on Haus Vorhelm in the Duncker Collection of the Central and State Library Berlin (PDF; 220 kB)
- Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe: Gardens at Haus Vorhelm in LWL GeodatenKultur
- Vorhelm in the Westphalia Culture Atlas