Angenrod moated castle
|Angenrod moated castle|
Manor house of the former moated castle Angenrod
|Alternative name (s):||Angenrod estate|
|Creation time :||13th Century|
|Castle type :||Niederungsburg|
|Conservation status:||Residential building|
|Standing position :||Local nobility, lower nobility|
|Construction:||Truss on sandstone|
The moated castle Angenrod was a high medieval moated castle and later a court estate directly on the western bank of the Drift in Angenrod , a western district of Alsfeld in the Vogelsbergkreis in Hesse . In addition to some soil features of the moat, the former castle house has been preserved .
The moated castle is considered to be the nucleus of the first mentioned village of Ingerode in 1272 , today known as Angenrod. As early as 1450, the lords of Wehrda had received what was then the desert of Ingerode from Landgrave Ludwig I of Marburg as a fief. They had the castle expanded as "Hofgut zu Ingerode".
In 1645 a castle house in Angenrod is mentioned, whose owner at that time was Georg Rudolf von Wehrda, called Nodung. He sold the property that year to the bailiff of Romrod , Lieutenant Colonel Urias Martin. Johann Georg von Wehrda bought back the property of his ancestors in the 1680s. In 1805, with the death of Karl Reinhard von Wehrda, the Nodung family died out. The estate fell back to the Hessian landgraves.
In 1811 the estate changed to the von Bibra family . At the turn of the 19th century the estate passed to the family of Count Bernstorff . After the death of the last Bernstorff in 1959, the estate first came into the possession of Georg Wilhelm von Hannover , from whom the Hessische Landgesellschaft purchased it in 1972. Shortly afterwards the barn part of the property burned down. At the end of the 1980s, the city of Alsfeld acquired the last vacant building complex, which was gradually falling into disrepair.
As a so-called fixed house , the moated castle was protected from the main bed of the drift to the east. The former three-sided complex (mansion) consists of a massive basement with a single-storey half-timbered construction. The scaffolding sequence provides information about the construction sequence. Probably the oldest western part with man figures on the corner posts is dated to around 1700. The younger the eastern part of the structural truss structure is double locked 3 / 4 or floor struts and is dated to the early 19th century. The northern connecting and cross bar is the youngest part of the manor house. The mansion, spared by the fire, was expanded in 1989 by the Alsfeld construction and settlement cooperative into a residential building with eleven apartments. Above the side entrance of the converted Hofgutherrenhaus, the coat of arms of those from Wehrda zu Nodung can still be seen today, a black pinnacle bar in a white shield. The two stables from the 19th century south of the manor house form an angle facing northeast and, like the remains of the preserved walling, are part of the Hofgut Angenrod cultural monument .
To the north, above the castle, an artificial ditch branched off from the dammed river, which flowed around the castle and courtyard to the west. The fish pond is still preserved today as the remainder of a widely ramified system of ditches from this mediaeval water-flooded facility, which was once opened on three sides . As the oldest farms outside the moated castle, there were two stately mills immediately upstream .
- Site homepage: Historical development of Angenrod
- State Office for Monument Preservation Hessen (Ed.): Hofgut Angenrod In: DenkXweb, online edition of cultural monuments in Hessen
- Hessian document book: Arthur Wyss: document book of the Deutschordens-Ballei Hessen , section 1, volume 1: From 1207 to 1299 , Leipzig, Hirzel 1879. Certificate no. 277
- Sometimes also called Nöding.
- Building description of cultural monuments in Hesse
- cf. near Wehrda_ (Marburg) #Wappen