Yves Montand , born as Ivo Livi (born October 13, 1921 in Monsummano Terme , Tuscany , Italy ; † November 9, 1991 in Senlis , Oise department , France ), was a French chansonnier and actor of Italian origin.
Yves Montand was born in Tuscany as the son of the independent broom maker and radical communist Giovanni Livi. With Mussolini's seizure of power in October 1922 , the persecution and violence of the fascists against dissenters became worse and worse, they could lead to the destruction of existence. So the father decided to emigrate to America and later bring his family to join them. But he got stuck in Marseille and tried to establish an independent existence there as a broom maker. In 1924 he was followed by the family, who received French citizenship in 1929. In 1932 his father was bankrupt because of the global economic crisis that was now spreading across Europe . Yves had to leave school, he now worked in his sister's hairdresser, among other things.
In 1938, at the age of seventeen, he first appeared as a singer in clubs. Since then he has called himself Yves Montand. He became a well-known chanson star in the south of France. In 1940 France was occupied by Hitler's Germany, and Montand narrowly escaped deportation to Germany. After the end of the Vichy regime , he went to Paris, where his career began in 1944 at the ABC on Boulevard Poissonnière , a music hall that seats 1200. He received his first own show in Paris in 1945 at the Théâtre de l'Étoile , it was the beginning of a career as a recognized chansonnier. His role model as a singer, dancer and actor was the American Fred Astaire . In the meantime, he discovered Édith Piaf , who - also of Italian descent - made the brisk young man her lover and had him appear in her shows. His first film was released in 1946. In 1949 he met the actress Simone Signoret , who divorced Yves Allégret because of him and married him two years later; outwardly both led a model marriage. Yves Montand became world famous with the award-winning film Wages of Fear from 1953. He worked with the directors Claude Sautet , Philippe de Broca , Jean-Luc Godard and Costa-Gavras and starred in films alongside Romy Schneider , Marilyn Monroe , Jane Fonda , Gérard Depardieu and Sami Frey .
In 1950 Montand was one of the signatories of the Stockholm Appeal against Nuclear Weapons . He also saw his films as a political statement. He sympathized with the French Communist Party (PCF) and saw himself as a communist until the Warsaw Pact troops marched into Prague . In the 1980s, however, he criticized the socialist President Mitterrand for appointing members of the PCF as ministers.
Montand died of a heart attack in 1991 shortly after completing his last film . In an interview, Jean-Jacques Brilleix said: “He died on the film set [from IP5 - Island of the Pachyderms ]… On the last day of shooting, after the very last scene. It was last night and we had to re-shoot a few scenes. He finished what he had to do and then he just died. And the film tells exactly the story of an old man who dies of a heart attack, which in reality actually happened. "
Exhumed in March 1998
Since Montand had always denied the paternity of Aurore Drossart, born on October 6, 1975, she and her mother Anne filed a lawsuit. The court asked Montand in 1990 for a blood test , but the actor refused. Three years after Montand's death, the court recognized Aurore as an illegitimate daughter. The surviving dependents of Montand ( Carole Amiel and Catherine Allégret ) objected to this and the related inheritance claims of 1/8 of Montand's assets . Seven years after Yves Montand's funeral, his remains were therefore exhumed. Three independent examinations of the tissue samples came to the conclusion that "Monsieur Ivo Livi, called Yves Montand, could not be the father of Mademoiselle Aurore Drossart".
In 2004, his step daughter Catherine Allégret incriminated him posthumously in her memoir Un monde à l'envers (German: one world is upside down ) . Montand had sexually abused her since she was five, with the consent of her mother Simone Signoret, who was trying to keep her marriage going. However, she was unable to provide any evidence to support her claims.
- 1946: Chanson of love (Étoile sans lumière)
- 1946: Gates of the Night (Les portes de la nuit)
- 1950: it happened in Paris (souvenirs perdus)
- 1953: The reward of fear (Le salaire de la peur)
- 1954: Tempi nostri
- 1955: Napoléon
- 1955: The heroes are tired (Les héros sont fatigués)
- 1955: The Flower of the Night (Marguerite de la nuit)
- 1956: Women and Wolves (Uomini e Lupi)
- 1957: The compass rose
- 1957: The Witches of Salem (Les Sorcières de Salem)
- 1957: The great blue street (La grande strada azzurra)
- 1959: Where the hot wind blows (La legge)
- 1960: Let's Make Love (Let's Make Love)
- 1961: Confession of a sinner (Sanctuary)
- 1961: Do you love Brahms? (Goodbye Again)
- 1962: My Geisha (My Geisha)
- 1965: Murder included in the fare (Compartiment tueurs)
- 1966: The war is over (La Guerre est finie)
- 1966: Grand Prix
- 1967: Live the life (Vivre pour vivre)
- 1968: An evening ... a train (Un soir, un train)
- 1969: Grab the tiger by the tail quickly (Le diable par la queue)
- 1969: Z
- 1970: On a Clear Day ... (On a Clear Day You Can See Forever)
- 1970: The Confession (L'Aveu)
- 1970: Four in the red circle (Le cercle rouge)
- 1971: The stupid pranks of the rich (La folie des grandeurs)
- 1972: Everything in Butter (Tout va bien)
- 1972: César and Rosalie (César et Rosalie)
- 1972: The Invisible Uprising (Etat de siège)
- 1972: Le fils
- 1973: Bonne Chance (Le hasard et la violence)
- 1974: Vincent, François, Paul and the others (Vincent, Francois, Paul et les autres)
- 1975: The beautiful wild ones (Le sauvage)
- 1976: Police Python 357
- 1976: The great show-off (Le Grand escogriffe)
- 1977: The Giants' Wages (La Menace)
- 1978: Roads to the south (Les Routes du sud)
- 1979: A Woman's Love (Clair de femme)
- 1979: I like Ikarus (I comme Icare)
- 1981: Choice of weapons (Le Choix des armes)
- 1982: Fire and Flame (Tout feu, tout flame )
- 1983: Garçon! Colleague is coming soon! (Garçon!)
- 1986: Jean de Florette
- 1986: Manon's Revenge (Manon des sources)
- 1988: Trois places pour le 26
- 1991: Return of the dead (Netchajev est de retour)
- 1992: IP5 - Island of the Pachyderms (IP 5 - L'île aux pachydermes)
Nominations for film awards
- 1980: César for best leading actor for I for Icarus
- 1984: César for the best leading actor for Garçon! Colleague is coming soon!
- Jorge Semprun : Yves Montand, life goes on. (OT: Montand, la vie continue ). Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main 1994, ISBN 3-518-37779-5 .
- Yves Montand, Hervé Hamon, Patrick Rotman : Yves Montand. You see, I haven't forgotten. A life in this century. Construction Verlag , Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-746-61077-X .
- Richard Cannavo, Henri Quiquere: Yves Montand. Seewald, Stuttgart 1988, ISBN 3-512-00711-2 .
- Daniel Winkler: Transit Marseille. Film history of a Mediterranean metropolis. transcript, Bielefeld 2007, ISBN 978-3-89942-699-1 . Chapter on Montand, p. 208 ff. In Google Books .
- For Yves Montand. (OT: Per Yves Montand. ) Documentary, Italy, 2005, 53 min., Director: Nino Bizzarri , production: Rai International, Franco Porcarelli, film page .
- Yves Montand, charm, chanson and acting. (OT: Yves Montand, l'ombre au tableau. ) Documentary, France, 2015, 59 min., Director: Karl Zéro and Daisy d'Errata, production: La mondiale de productions, Troisième Œil Productions, arte France, broadcast: 15 May 2016, summary by ARD .
- Literature by and about Yves Montand in the catalog of the German National Library
- Yves Montand in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Yves Montand on Find a Grave
- Jochen Leibel: Aurore is not his daughter. In: Die Welt , June 13, 1998.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Ivo Livi|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French actor and chansonnier|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 13, 1921|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Monsummano Terme , Tuscany, Italy|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 9, 1991|
|Place of death||Senlis , Oise department, France|