|Area :||10.54 km²|
|Geographic location :||52 ° 15 ′ N , 15 ° 32 ′ E|
|Height :||176 m npm|
|Residents :||22,010 (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Postal code :||66-200 to 66-201|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 68|
|License plate :||FSW|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||A2 Berlin - Warsaw|
|S3 Szczecin - Zielona Góra|
|DK92 Rzepin - Poznan|
|Rail route :||Poznan – Frankfurt (Oder)|
|Next international airport :||Poses|
|Mayor :||Tomasz Sielicki|
Świebodzin ([ ɕfjɛˈbɔd͡ʑin ], German Schwiebus ) is a district town in the powiat Świebodziński in the Polish Lubusz Voivodeship with about 22,000 inhabitants and the seat of the town-and-country municipality of the same name with about 30,000 inhabitants.
The city is located in Lower Silesia , 69 kilometers east of Frankfurt (Oder) and 38 kilometers north of Zielona Góra (Grünberg) . The Reppener Heide (Puszcza Rzepińska) stretches to the west of the city and there are several small lakes in the immediate vicinity.
In the 4th century Slavs settled in the area , who are said to have founded the place Swebyssen . When Konrad of Mazovia was harassed by the Pruzzen in the 13th century and had to ask the Johanniter crusaders for assistance, in 1228 he granted them the town of Schwiebus and its accessories in return. The knights of the order hurried to surround the village with a city wall. Schwiebus was mentioned in a document as a town in the first half of the 13th century.
The city experienced an eventful history in the following centuries. In the 17th century, Schwiebus was the capital of a district of the same name, which Emperor Leopold I gave to Elector Friedrich Wilhelm of Brandenburg in 1685 as a perk for the confiscated principalities of Liegnitz , Brieg and Wohlau . However, the emperor had the rule of Schwiebus from the successor of the elector, Margrave Friedrich III. von Brandenburg , to be added to the Duchy of Glogau in 1694, to which it belonged until the Prussian conquest of Silesia in 1742.
In 1945 Schwiebus belonged to the district of Züllichau-Schwiebus in the Frankfurt administrative district of the Brandenburg province of the German Empire .
At the end of the Second World War , the city was conquered by Soviet troops in early 1945, causing considerable damage. Soon after the occupation by the Red Army, the city was placed under Polish administration. In the following period the inhabitants were from Schwiebus sold . Schwiebus was renamed Świebodzin .
- 1840: 4,689
- 1855: 5,396
- 1858: 5,607
- 1875: 8.078
- 1880: 8,296
- 1925: 9.734
- 1933: 9.876
- 1939: 10.431
The urban and rural community (gmina miejsko-wiejska) Świebodzin extends over an area of 227.36 km² and, in addition to the main town of the same name, is divided into 23 localities with a Schulzenamt .
Świebodzin maintains partnership relationships with the three German towns of Neuenhagen near Berlin and Herzberg (Elster) in Brandenburg and Friesoythe in Lower Saxony.
The city of Świebodzin is located on the main railway line from Berlin to Warsaw . In addition, state road 2 (droga krajowa 2) from Frankfurt (Oder) to Posen and state road 3 from Stettin to Zielona Góra cross here.
The town hall was built around 1550 in the Renaissance style and provided with late Gothic elements. The distinctive tower was added in the 19th century. The Christ the King statue, an oversized, 36 meter high statue of Christ, was opened on 6/7. Completed November 2010 on a 16 meter high hill. It has a total height of 52.50 meters, making it the largest statue of Christ in the world.
Świebodzin is the seat of the following companies:
- Seco / Warwick Group (heat treatment systems)
- Euro-Box Sp. Z oo (metal processing / metal services)
- Lubuskie Fabryki Mebli SA (furniture factory)
- RECARO Aircraft Seating Polska SP. z oo (manufacture of aircraft seats, metal components and seat structures)
- Świebodzin Fabryka Okien Drewnianych Line Sp. Z oo (wooden window factory)
- ZEM - Zakład Elektrotechniki Motoryzacyjnej (manufacture of electronic circuits and cable bundles)
- Rotometal Sp. Z oo (production of tools such as: magnetic cylinders, pressure cylinders)
- KICO-Polska Sp. Z oo (manufacture of automotive technology. Focus: hinges, locking systems)
- W. Riehl and J. Scheu (eds.): Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg with the Margraviate Nieder-Lausitz in their history and in their present existence . Berlin 1861, pp. 510-512.
- Samuel Gotthilf Knispel: History of the city of Schwiebus, from its origins to the year 1763 . Züllichau 1765 ( e-copy ).
- Karl August Müller: Patriotic images, or history and description of all castles and knight palaces in Silesia and the county of Glatz. Second edition, Glogau 1844, pp. 216–217.
- ↑ a b c d e Riehl and Scheu (1861), pp. 510-512.
- ↑ Samuel Gotthilf Knispel: History of the city of Schwiebus, from its origins to the year 1763 . Züllichau 1765, pp. 4-5.
- ^ A b c d e Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. zuellichau.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- ↑ http://www.morgenpost.de/printarchiv/panorama/article1426943/Der-groesste-Segenspender-der-Welt.html