After attending the Carolinum grammar school in Osnabrück , Alois Holtmeyer studied architecture at the Technical University of Berlin and art history at the universities of Jena, Münster, Bonn and Berlin. In 1903 he was at the Technical University of Dresden in Cornelius Gurlitt Dr. ing. PhD , 1906 at the University of Jena with Paul Weber with a dissertation on the "Building history of the Cistercian churches of Thuringia" as a Dr. phil.
Activity as an architect
From 1900 Holtmeyer was in the civil service as a government architect ( assessor ) and in this function built a. a. the district court building in Rudolstadt (1904–1905) and Greiz (1910–1912). As agricultural inspector of the building administration of the Royal Prussian Railway Directorate Cassel, he subsequently established a. a. on the Main-Weser-Bahn the reception buildings of the stations Marburg , Treysa and Cölbe , on the railway line Bad Berleburg – Allendorf opened in 1908 the stations Bad Berleburg , Schwarzenau (Eder) , Hatzfeld (Eder) , Holzhausen (Eder) and Allendorf (Eder) , on other routes the stations Korbach , Halsdorf , Gemünden (Wohra) , Friedensdorf (Lahn) , Herleshausen , Röddenau , Großbodungen , Speele , Gilsa , Ludwigshütte and at the Kasseler Tor in Paderborn . With these buildings, Holtmeyer tried "to bring the new floor plan of the railway reception building into harmony with the traditional forms of the wooden structure." In his new train station buildings, Holtmeyer followed the heritage protection architecture by referring to typical regional models with massive structures and heavy mansard roofs . In the years 1909–1910, the railway workers' rest home was built in Karlshafen , which "has received a country-style character according to its purpose and location". Holtmeyer prefers to integrate sculptures by the Kassel sculptor Hans Sautter into his buildings .
Activity as a monument conservator
From 1907 Holtmeyer was active in the inventory of art monuments in the administrative district of Kassel, including the two volumes on the district of Cassel-Land (1910) and the district of Cassel-Stadt (1923 ) for the inventory of "Architectural and art monuments in the administrative district of Cassel" founded by Ludwig Bickell in 1901 ) wrote. After working as a monument conservator in Magdeburg from 1911 to 1913, Alois Holtmeyer was appointed district curator in Kassel in 1913 as successor to Alhard von Drachs , where he initiated the Kassel "local statute against defacement" in 1915 in response to the numerous losses of historical building fabric. His scientific activity during this time focused on researching the North Hessian baroque architecture, namely the work of Giovanni Francesco Guerniero .
His grave is in Cologne's south cemetery (hall 49).
“Like many architects of his generation, Holtmeyer stood between two times artistically. On the one hand, he saw himself as an avowed opponent of historicist architecture, for example by revising the neo-Gothic design by Kassel architect J. Strehl from 1922 for a memorial chapel in Witzenhausen and thereby stripping off all tracery forms, while on the other hand, his departure from Kassel with the uneasiness of this one International style buildings in Kassel that were built during the period were declared. As a monument conservator, Holtmeyer also has two different methodological approaches, in that he turned his professional commitment to the current urban and rural site maintenance and preservation of the surroundings, while a second monument conservation focus, in line with his art historical research interest, was the restoration of large church buildings, which he ultimately also applied to the acceptance of his Cologne office might have initiated. "
- The new courthouse in Rudolstadt. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 26, 1906, pp. 379–381.
- Smaller railway reception building in the Kassel railway directorate. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 28, 1908, pp. 630–633 and 35, 1915, pp. 27–31 and pp. 38–42.
- Official residences in the railroad management district of Kassel , Issue 1. Verlag Ernst und Sohn, Berlin 1910 (2nd edition 1911), Issue 2. Verlag Ernst und Sohn, Berlin 1916.
- Rest home for railway workers in Karlshafen. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 31, 1911, pp. 473–476.
- The railway reception building in Marburg and Treysa. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 32, 1912, pp. 453–456.
- The justice building in Greiz. In: Architektonische Rundschau 30, 1914, issue 11, p. 8f., Plate 194f.
- Newer housing for officials in the Kassel district. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 29, 1919, pp. 589-592.
- Smaller railway reception building. Verlag Wilhelm Ernst, Berlin 1915. Reprint: Verlag Chemie, Weinheim 1983.
On art history and monument preservation
- Contributions to the building history of the Paulinzeller Klosterkirche . In: Journal of the Association for Thuringian History and Antiquity 23, 1904/5, pp. 71–242. ( Digitized version )
- Cistercian churches in Thuringia. A contribution to the knowledge of the order structure. Jena 1906. ( digitized version )
- Breitenau and Paulinzella . In: Hessenkunst 2, 1907, pp. 1–2.
- Giovanni Francesco Guerniero . In: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Architektur 3, 1909/10, pp. 249-257. ( Digitized version )
- The architectural and art monuments in the administrative district of Cassel. Vol. 4: District of Cassel-Land , Marburg 1910; Vol. 6: District of Cassel-Stadt , Marburg 1923.
- Against the disfigurement of the cityscape . Schmalkalden 1911.
- Hessian town halls. Their preservation and distortion. ( Old Hessen. Contributions to the local history of art , issue 1). Marburg 1912. ( digitized version )
- Alt Cassel ( Alt-Hessen. Contributions to the local history of art , issue 2). Marburg 1913.
- Wilhelmshöhe ( Old Hesse. Contributions to local art history , issue 3). Marburg 1913.
- The churches of Kirchditmold . In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies 47, 1914, pp. 48–56.
- Paul Lehmgrübner † . In: Central Journal of Construction Administration 36, 1916, Issue 67, p 452. urn : nbn: de: kobv: 109-opus-50346
- The Löwenburg at Wilhelmshöhe . In: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Architektur 8, 1928, pp. 137–141.
- Johann Josef Böker : Alois Holtmeyer (1872–1931), architect and preservationist . In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies 89, 1982, No. 3, pp. 213–217.
- Winfried Speitkamp: The administration of history. Preservation of monuments and the state in Germany 1871–1933 (= critical studies on historical science . Volume 114). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1996, ISBN 3-525-35777-X , p.?.
- Alois Holtmeyer: Smaller railway reception building in the Kassel railway district. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 28, 1908, p. 631.
- Alois Holtmeyer: Rest home for railway workers in Karlshafen. In: Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung 31, 1911, p. 473.
- Christian Presche: Building in the historical stock. New buildings from the 20s and 30s in the Kassel city center area http://www.presche-chr.de/christian/Bauen_im_Bestand.pdf
- Johann Josef Böker: Alois Holtmeyer (1872–1931), architect and preservationist . In: Journal of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies 89, 1982, No. 3, p. 217.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect, construction officer and preservationist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 22, 1872|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Osnabrück|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 2, 1931|
|Place of death||Cologne|