Arnold Kitz

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Arnold Kitz (born April 7, 1807 in Vechta ; † January 22, 1874 in Oldenburg ) was a lawyer, President of the State Parliament and a member of the Reichstag of the North German Confederation .


Kitz was the son of the doctor Johann Heinrich Kitz (1778–1835) and his wife Franziska geb. Keppel. He attended the high schools in Vechta and Oldenburg and studied law at the universities of Bonn and Göttingen from 1825 to 1828 . First he was a lawyer in Ovelgönne , then an official auditor in Tossens , Steinfeld , Cloppenburg , Wildeshausen and Rodenkirchen . In 1837 he became a government assessor in Birkenfeld and in 1844 he was appointed councilor.

In the course of the revolution of 1848 he was a co-founder of the Birkenfeld Volksverein , which demanded extensive autonomy for Birkenfeld with its own constitution if the principality continued to belong to the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg . From May to December 1848 Kitz was also chairman of the Volksverein.

In July 1848 he was appointed vice-president of the constituent state parliament , but Kitz was unable to enforce his demands for Birkenfeld. This resulted in increasing radicalization in Birkenfeld, so that Kitz resigned the chairmanship of the Volksverein in December 1848 and withdrew from Birkenfeld politics out of consideration for his position in the state parliament. After the Oldenburg constitution was introduced in 1949, Kitz was a member of the first four state parliaments and also served as its president. In November 1851 he resigned his mandate for family and health reasons.

In the following years, Kitz concentrated on his legal office, became chairman of the judicial senate of the government in Birkenfeld in December 1853 and, after the separation of judiciary and administration, took the place of the judicial senate at the Birkenfeld Higher Court , of which he became director in December 1856 . On November 1, 1866, he became director of the Oldenburg Higher Court and on December 5, 1868, Vice President of the Higher Appeal Court .

During this time, Kitz became politically active again. From February to August 1867 he was a member of the constituent Reichstag of the North German Confederation for the constituency of Oldenburg 3 ( Vechta , Delmenhorst , Cloppenburg ) and the federal constitutional association . Here too, however, he soon had to realize that his demand for a Greater German expansion of the North German Confederation was hopeless. Resignedly, he finally approved the draft constitution for the constitution of the North German Confederation and withdrew from political life.

Political orientation

Kitz was of the Greater German disposition and as early as 1848 had spoken out in a brochure against the Little German solution to the national question under Prussian leadership. In the Oldenburg state parliament he belonged as a Catholic to the democratic-Catholic coalition of special purpose, which vehemently rejected the annexation of Oldenburg to Prussia.


Kitz was married to Julie Wilhelmine Elisabeth born in December 1839. Weyrich (1821-1894), the daughter of Birkenfeld government councilor Ludwig Weyrich and Elisabeth Constantine Sybille born. from Emden. The couple had four children, of whom Richard (1843–1913) were district judge in Oldenburg and Wilhelm (1851–1919) were district court president in Krefeld .


  • On the big German question. Not an emperor of old style and with hereditary lands, but either an empire and a state, or a federal state with an executive president. Frankfurt. 1848.
  • Being or ought. Outline of a philosophical introduction to the moral and legal law. Frankfurt. 1864.
  • The principle of punishment in its origins from morality. A philosophical and legal treatise. Oldenburg. 1874.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bernd Haunfelder , Klaus Erich Pollmann : Reichstag of the North German Confederation 1867-1870. Historical photographs and biographical handbook (= photo documents on the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Volume 2). Droste, Düsseldorf 1989, ISBN 3-7700-5151-3 , short biography p. 426.
  2. ^ Fritz Specht, Paul Schwabe: The Reichstag elections from 1867 to 1903. Statistics of the Reichstag elections together with the programs of the parties and a list of the elected representatives. 2nd Edition. Carl Heymann Verlag, Berlin 1904, p. 277.