Bieberstein (Reinsberg)

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Community Reinberg
Coordinates: 51 ° 0 ′ 25 ″  N , 13 ° 20 ′ 25 ″  E
Incorporation : March 1, 1994
Area code : 037324
Bieberstein (Saxony)

Location of Bieberstein in Saxony

Bieberstein is a district of the municipality of Reinsberg in the district of central Saxony (Free State of Saxony ). It was incorporated on March 1, 1994. Since then, with its districts of Burkersdorf and Gotthelffriedrichsgrund, it has been one of five localities in the municipality of Reinsberg.

Bieberstein is the ancestral home of the von Bieberstein noble family , who had their ancestral seat at Bieberstein Castle .



Bieberstein lies in the eastern foothills of the Erzgebirge foothills , between the Freiberger Mulde in the west and the Bobritzsch in the east. The latter flows into the Freiberger Mulde in the north of the village. The lookout point of the "Buche" offers a wonderful view of the valley of the Freiberg Mulde. There a 5 km long hiking trail leads to Nossen . Bieberstein has its own district (no. 3601 - field size 1900: 405 hectares) within the municipality of Reinsberg.

Neighboring places

Neighboring communities Reinsberg


Church in Bieberstein
Bieberstein Castle 1989. Edgar André Youth Hostel.
Hermitage on the foundations of a demolished medieval castle

The exact founding time of the place Bieberstein cannot be precisely determined. The place name was mentioned in 1156 in connection with the first mention of the neighboring town of Krummenhennersdorf , the western part of which belonged to Bieberstein Castle at that time . The first documentary mention of a nobleman named after this castle, Günther von Bieberstein , comes from the year 1218. The area between the Freiberg Mulde belonged to the manorial power of Bieberstein Castle, also first mentioned in 1218, which was temporarily separated into an upper and lower part in the west and the Bobritzsch in the east with the places Bieberstein, Burkersdorf , Gotthelffriedrichsgrund (founded in 1670), Hohentanne , Rothenfurth and the west of Krummenhennersdorf. The manor was the most south-westerly part of the district office of Meissen .

In the 14th and 15th centuries, the castle, place and rule of Bieberstein belonged to the marshals of Bieberstein , who were not related to the von Bieberstein family. The Saxon Elector August allowed them in 1559 to collect customs duties from the users of the bridge over the Bobritzsch. In return, they had to maintain the bridge and the road to Bieberstein, which at that time was the most important connection between Meißen and Freiberg . Bieberstein remained in the possession of this family until 1602. The new palace was around 1600 with the medieval dungeon contracted into a closed assembly. At the beginning of the 17th century, the two Bieberstein estates belonged to the Alnpeck and Hartitzsch families . Between 1630 and 1807, the castle, lordship and place of Bieberstein were owned by the von Schönberg family , who also owned the neighboring Reinsberg Castle . Gotthelf Friedrich von Schönberg (1631–1708) had most of the building demolished down to the foundation walls in 1666 and rebuilt in its present basic form. The church in Bieberstein was consecrated in 1676 after a renovation by Hans Stecher .

Until 1836, Bieberstein belonged to the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon District Office of Meißen . From 1836 the place with the Bieberstein lordship briefly belonged to the Freiberg district office .

In 1856 Bieberstein was affiliated to the Nossen court office and in 1875 to the Meißen administration . On July 1, 1950, the municipality of Burkersdorf was incorporated with its Gotthelffriedrichsgrund district to Bieberstein. As a result of the second district reform in the GDR , the municipality of Bieberstein came to the Freiberg district in the Chemnitz district in 1952 (renamed the Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ), which was continued as the Freiberg district of Saxony from 1990 . During the GDR era, the “Rudolf Marek” children's holiday camp was built and maintained in the village . Bieberstein Castle was a popular youth hostel until 1992 .

The community of Bieberstein (with its districts Burkersdorf and Gotthelffriedrichsgrund; referred to as Burkersdorf A and B) merged on March 1, 1994 with the communities of Dittmannsdorf , Hirschfeld , Neukirchen (with OT Steinbach ) and Reinsberg to form the new community of Reinsberg . Since then it has been one of five localities in the municipality of Reinsberg. Bieberstein has been part of the Central Saxony district since 2008.

Population development

year population
1551 18 possessed men , 10 residents
1764 1 10 possessed men, 47 cottagers , 7½  hooves
1834 385
1871 522
year population
1890 461
1910 412
1925 389
1939 373
year population
1946 541
1950 2 972
1964 2 775
1990 2 566

1 with Gotthelffriedrichsgrund
1 with Burkersdorf


Former Obergruna – Bieberstein station with BHG building on the right (2017)

From 1899 to 1972 there was the Obergruna- Bieberstein station on the Freital-Potschappel-Nossen narrow-gauge railway in the nearby valley of the Freiberg Mulde , with a rail connection to Nossen and Wilsdruff .



  • Cornelius Gurlitt : Bieberstein. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 41. Issue: Administrative Authority Meißen-Land . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1923, p. 52.

Web links

Commons : Bieberstein  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Saxony Atlas
  2. ^ Website of the von Schönberg family
  3. ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 46 f.
  4. ^ Bieberstein as a place in the Freiberg district office, book "Handbuch der Geographie", p. 595f.
  5. ^ The Meißen district administration in the municipal register 1900
  6. Burkersdorf on
  7. Facebook entry
  8. Saxony regional register
  9. Bieberstein on
  10. Cf. Bieberstein in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  11. ^ The Obergruna – Bieberstein train station on