Edmund Körner (born December 2, 1874 in Leschwitz , Görlitz district , † February 14, 1940 in Essen ; full name: Edmund Hermann Georg Körner ) was a German architect . He was temporarily a member of the Darmstadt artists' colony , otherwise lived and worked in Essen.
Live and act
After an apprenticeship in the building trade, Körner attended the Sulza Building School ; later he studied at the Technische Hochschule Dresden and the Technische Hochschule (Berlin-) Charlottenburg . He was also accepted as a master class student at the Berlin Art Academy .
From 1909 he worked for the building department of the city of Essen until he was appointed to the Darmstadt artists' colony in 1911. At the same time he became adjunct professor . When the work of the artists' colony gradually came to a standstill after the outbreak of World War I , Körner returned to Essen in 1916, where he continued to work successfully as a self-employed architect.
His design for the synagogue in Essen is considered one of Körner's main works . The sacred building, damaged in the November pogrom in 1938 , was partially renewed after a detailed publication from 1914. The building, now known as the Old Synagogue , has served as a memorial and house of Jewish culture since 2010 . Because Körner was involved in this construction, he received a temporary building ban for the Gau Essen after 1933 as a "Jew friend" . His continued work was entirely due to his connections in the USA, in particular his relationships with Henry Ford from the time the Ford plant in Cologne was being built and with Hans Luther , the former Lord Mayor of Essen and later German ambassador to the USA.
Edmund Körner was a member of the Free German Academy for Urban Development as well as the Association of German Architects (BDA), the German Werkbund (DWB) and the Ruhr Architects and Engineers Association in Essen.
At the corner of Moltkestrasse and Camillo-Sitte-Platz in Essen's Moltkeviertel stands the residential and studio house he designed in 1928/1929, which he later only used as a studio and which has elements of brick expressionism and new building . Right next to it, on Camillo-Sitte-Platz, he built his house a little later.
Buildings and designs
- 1906: Competition design for the Westend Synagogue in Frankfurt am Main (not executed)
- Competition design 1908, execution 1911–1913: Synagogue in Essen (converted after 1945, under monument protection since 1985)
- 1909–1910: Community dual school in Großenbruchstraße (today's Tiegelschule ) in Essen- Segeroth (preserved)
- 1910: Portal of the Ostfriedhof in Essen (changed)
- 1910–1911: Building trade school (later: Commercial School III, today Robert-Schmidt-Berufskolleg) in Essen, Robert-Schmidt-Straße (in the Moltkeviertel ) (partially changed)
- 1910–1912: House for Eugen von Waldthausen in Essen (destroyed)
- 1911: Competition design for the A. Eick Söhne office building in Essen (not executed)
- 1911–1913: Extension of the “Dippelshof” for Friedrich Wilhelm Bullrich in ( Mühltal -) Traisa near Darmstadt (under monument protection)
The men's and women's rooms have been preserved in today's (2011) hotel. Some of the furniture that Körner designed is exhibited in the Museum Künstlerkolonie Darmstadt on Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt.
- 1913–1914: Heinemann office and residential building in Essen, Zweigertstrasse / Kortumstrasse.
The building that was later used by the Essen public prosecutor's office has been a listed building since the 1990s.
- 1914: "Fashion pavilion", "cigarette pavilion" and other buildings at the exhibition of the Darmstadt artists' colony in 1914 (temporary buildings)
- 1914–1915 (?): Administration building of the Amalie colliery in Essen-Altendorf, Helenenstrasse 110
- 1914–1920: Administration building for Arenberg'sche AG for mining and smelting operations in Essen (rebuilt after severe war damage, demolished in 1962)
- 1916–1920: House for the mining entrepreneur Reinhold Becker in the garden city of Meererbusch (only two outbuildings preserved)
- 1919–1920: AW Mackensen machine factory building in Magdeburg (preserved)
- 1920–1921: Single dormitory of the Helene colliery in Essen (preserved)
- 1920–1923: Extension of the Rheinisch-Westphalian Coal Syndicate (RWKS) in Essen (last structural remains demolished in 1997)
- 1921–1922: "Siedlung am Kaiserpark" in Altenessen (changed)
- 1922–1923: various new buildings of the Zeche President in Bochum-Hamme (destroyed in 1943)
- 1922–1925: Hohenstein hydropower plant in the Ruhr near Witten (preserved)
- 1922–1927 (in two construction phases): Stock exchange in Essen (since 1934: House of Technology ) (heavily changed after severe war damage)
- 1923–1928: Parish Church of the Holy Guardian Angel in Essen-Frillendorf (under monument protection)
- 1924: Tomb for Gertrud Luther (wife of Hans Luther ) in Berlin (not preserved)
- 1925: Competition design for the town hall in Bochum (not executed)
- 1925–1926: Water tower Frillendorf (preserved, attribution unsecured)
- 1925–1929: New buildings for the Folkwang Museum in Essen, Bismarckstrasse (destroyed)
- 1926: Grab / Brune twin house in Mannheim (modified)
- 1927: Competition design for the Frauenfriedenskirche in Frankfurt am Main (not executed)
- 1927: Competition design for the administrative building of the Ruhr Coal District Association (SVR) in Essen (3rd prize, based on the first-placed design by Alfred Fischer )
- 1927–1929: House for Friedrich Bergius in Heidelberg (partially changed)
- 1928: Association Presidium of the Ruhr Coal District Settlement Association (SVR) in Essen (changed)
- 1928–1929: own studio (and initially also residential) house in Essen, Moltkestrasse / Camillo-Sitte-Platz (preserved)
- 1929–1930: own house in Essen, Camillo-Sitte-Platz 1 (preserved; right next to the studio house)
- 1930: Housing estate in Essen-Altenessen (changed)
- 1930–1931: Ford Motor Comp. AG in Cologne-Niehl (later "Hall A", since 1997 a listed building)
- Wilhelm Busch: Buildings from the 1920s on the Rhine and Ruhr. Architecture as a means of expression. JP Bachem, Cologne 1993, ISBN 3-7616-1089-0 .
- Hannelore Künzl: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1 , p. 381 f. ( ). In:
- Barbara Pankoke: The Essen architect Edmund Körner (1874–1940). Life and work. VDG, Weimar 1996, ISBN 3-929742-88-8 .
- Wolfgang Pehnt : The Architecture of Expressionism. 3rd edition, Hatje-Cantz, Ostfildern 1998, ISBN 3-7757-0668-2 .
- Edmund Körner (Ed.), Richard Klapheck : The New Synagogue Essen Ruhr. (= 13th special edition of the architecture of the 20th century .) Wasmuth, Berlin 1914. ( Reprinted under the title The Synagogue in Essen as a limited license edition of the Society for Christian-Jewish Cooperation eV, Essen 1980; enclosed with the 10 colors -Silkscreen print The Last Shabbat (1980) by Naftali Bezem , a son of the last sexton of the Essen synagogue, as a supplement donated exclusively by the artist).
- Ute Reuschenberg: Peter Friedrich Schneider (1901–1981). Architect of armaments and reconstruction on the Rhine and Ruhr. An approximation. In: Preservation of monuments in the Rhineland , Volume 30, 2013, No. 1, p. 15.
- Berger Bergmann, Peter Brdenk (Ed.): Architekturführer Essen 1900-1960. Klartext-Verlag, Essen 2012, ISBN 978-3-8375-0246-6 , p. 42.
- plan with marked Körner's grave on wikimedia commons
- Images on the Crucible School's website , accessed on October 19, 2010
- Images in: H. de Fries (ed.): Modern Villas and Country Houses , 3rd edition, Berlin: Wasmuth 1925, pp. 114–115.
- Museum buys dressing table. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of May 12, 2011, p. 52.
- Description of the building at www.architektur-ruhr.de ( Memento from May 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 19, 2010
- Edmund Körner: The Bergius House in Heidelberg . In: Innen-Dekor, Vol. 41, 1930, pp. 2–30 ( digitized version ).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Körner, Edmund Hermann Georg (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 2, 1874|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Leschwitz , Görlitz district|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 14, 1940|
|Place of death||eat|