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Fanas coat of arms
State : SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland
Canton : canton of Grisonscanton of Grisons Graubünden (GR)
Region : Prättigau / Davos
Political community : Grüschi2
Postal code : 7215
former BFS no. : 3971
Coordinates : 769 454  /  206154 coordinates: 46 ° 59 '5 "  N , 9 ° 39' 59"  O ; CH1903:  769,454  /  206154
Height : 904  m above sea level M.
Area : 21.84  km²
Residents: 401 (December 31, 2010)
Population density : 18 inhabitants per km²


Fanas (Switzerland)
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Parish before the merger on January 1, 2011
Historical aerial photo from 400 m by Walter Mittelholzer from 1923

Fanas [ fɐˈnɔːs ] is a village and a Reformed parish in the front Prättigau , Canton of Graubünden . Politically, it has belonged to the political municipality of Grüsch since the beginning of 2011 , together with Valzeina , who was also previously independent . The village had already belonged to the Schiers District Court between 1679 and 1729, which was created through the separation of the Seewis District Court from the Schiers Court, which in turn went back to the rule of Solavers .

Name and coat of arms

The place name has appeared in several variants since the 13th century: 1224 [cop.] De Faenane… de Fenane; 1291 in villis Sewns et Affenans; 1296 to Fenatis; 1375 fenans ; 1447 Vanaus . The origin of the name is unknown; The evidence from 1296 and later forms could be traced back to the Latin fenatum , `` place where we have been '' , with Graubünden field names such as Fanaus and Sotfanas , but the -n- in the word ending , which has been attested several times and in some cases earlier, remains unexplained.

The coat of arms is taken from a community seal from 1817 and has received the colors of the Ten Courts Association . The blazon reads: A golden goblet in blue .


The street village Fanas is located on a terrace on the northern side of the front Prättigau . The territory covers part of the area between Taschinasbach and Schraubach , two right tributaries of the Landquart . The highest point is the Girenspitz ( 2394  m above sea level ) in the north-east, which forms the end of the Salginatobel . Seen from the village, the upstream ridge of the Sassauna (2308 m) dominates.

Of the entire former municipal area of ​​2183 hectares, 983 are agricultural areas, including 775 hectares of alpine farms. A further 804 hectares are covered by forest and wood, 381 hectares of unproductive area (mostly mountains) and 15 hectares of settlement area.


Population development
year 1850 1920 1950 1970 2000 2005 2010
population 373 250 303 228 346 385 401

Due to strong emigration, the population decreased considerably between 1850 and 1920 (1850-1920: −33%). Two decades of growth were followed by ten years of stagnation (1920–1950: +21%). Between 1950 and 1970 there was a second major wave of emigration (1950–1970: −25%). The population grew rapidly up to the year 2000 (1970–2000: +67%). Since then it has stagnated at a high level of around 380 people.


The population originally spoke Romansh . But the language change to German took place around the middle of the 16th century. Today the community is practically monolingual in German.

Languages ​​in Fanas
languages 1980 census 1990 census 2000 census
number proportion of number proportion of number proportion of
German 271 97.48% 333 96.24% 370 98.14%
Romansh 2 0.72% 0 0.00% 1 0.27%
Residents 278 100% 346 100% 377 100%

Religions - denominations

The Reformation was introduced in the former community between 1560 and 1570 . In 2000, 78% were Protestant and 9% Roman Catholic Christians. In addition, there were 9% non-denominational. 2.92% of the population refused to provide information about their creed.

Origin - nationality

Of the 383 residents at the end of 2004, 371 (= 97%) were Swiss citizens. At the last census, 371 people (= 98%) were Swiss citizens, including two dual citizens. The few immigrants come from Germany, Finland, Macedonia and Great Britain.

Economy and Transport

Fanas is still rural, but at the end of the 20th century it also developed into a popular residential community. There is a post bus connection to Schiers .

The Fanas – Eggli cable car leads from the village to the mountain station (1700 m above sea level) on the slope of the Sassauna. In summer it is mainly used by hikers and paragliders , in winter by ski tourers.


Web links

Commons : Fanas  - collection of images, videos and audio files


  • Otto Clavuot: Fanas. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
  • Erwin Poeschel : The art monuments of the canton of Graubünden II. The valley communities Herrschaft, Prättigau, Davos, Schanfigg, Churwalden, Albula valley. (= Art Monuments of Switzerland. Volume 9). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1937.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Dictionnaire toponymique des communes suisses - Lexicon of Swiss municipality names - Dizionario toponomastico dei comuni svizzeri (DTS | LSG). Edited by the Center de dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Verlag Huber, Frauenfeld / Stuttgart / Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7193-1308-5 and Éditions Payot, Lausanne 2005, ISBN 2-601-03336-3 , p. 346.
  2. Fanas: Fanas – Eggli cable car
  3. Maiensäss Rageth