|Canton :||Graubünden (GR)|
|Region :||Prättigau / Davos|
|BFS no. :||3871|
|Postal code :||7250 Klosters Platz
7252 Klosters Dorf
7247 Saas im Prättigau
|UN / LOCODE :||CH KLS|
|Height range :||830–3296 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||219.80 km²|
|Residents:||4451 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||20 inhabitants per km²|
|Location of the municipality|
Klosters-Serneus (until 1973 official municipality name Klosters; in the Walser German local dialect bim Chlooschter [bɪm ˈχloːʃtər] or Sernöis [sɛrˈnøɪs] , called Romansh ) is a political municipality in the Prättigau / Davos region of the Swiss canton of Graubünden .
coat of arms
The seal of the monastery court in use since the 16th century.
The extensive territory largely coincides with the catchment area of the upper Landquart , so that the municipal boundary runs over long stretches on the watershed towards the neighboring valleys of Montafon , Lower Engadine , Landwassertal ( Davos ) and Schanfigg . Only at the Wolfgang Pass does the Klosterser Bann end 2 km before the pass. A defining element of the landscape is the broad basin where the Landquart , the Stützbach flowing in from the left and the Schlappinbach flowing in from the right unite. The approximately 10 km long Schlappintal initially runs in a westerly direction and bends halfway to the south-southwest. In the north it is bounded by the western foothills of the Silvretta , which culminates in the Rotbüelspitz ( ), with Schlappiner Joch and Rätikon , and at the same time forms the border with Austria . The border continues to the south-east over the peaks of Chessispitz (2833 m) and the eastern and western Plattenspitze (2883 m) to the Grossen Seehorn (3121 m) and then over the Grossen Litzner (3109 m) to the Silvrettahorn (3244 m), the northeasternmost point of the Klosters area.
The eastern border against the Engadin rises after traversing the Silvretta pass to Verstanclahorn (3298 m, the highest point of the community), touches Schwarzkopf ( Chapütschin , 3232 m), Piz Zadrell (3104 m), plate horns (3220 m) to the Flesspass to reach , which leads as a mule track to Susch or Lavin . Within this boundary, the Landquart valley fans out into the source valleys Seetal , Verstancla , Vernela and Vereina . From the Flesspass, the municipal border leads over Rosställispitz (2929 m), Flüela Wisshorn (3085 m) and Isentällispitz (2986 m), encompassing the Jörital , the arm of the Vereina valley that extends far to the south, in a semicircle, and then over the Pischahorn (2979 m) towards Wolfgangpass. To the west of the Stützbach valley, the Casanna (2557 m) dominates with the Gotschnagrat . To the south-west of it, the narrow strip of the Obersäßällis extends up to the Weissfluhjoch and almost to the Weissfluh summit (2843 m). The western boundary towards the Mittelprättigau follows Bachtobeln in parts and is otherwise not noticeable in the area.
The center of the health resort and winter sports area is formed by the districts of Platz (1206 m above sea level) and Dorf (1124 m) in the area of the valley convergence, which have grown together as a result of building activity in the 20th century. Selfranga adjoins directly to the south , while the hamlets of Äuja (1207 m) and Monbiel (1291 m) lie two and three kilometers east of Klosters Platz. The valley narrows below Klosters Dorf. Where it widens again, to the left of the Landquart is the village of Serneus (990 m) and on the other side of the river the elongated scattered settlement Mezzaselva, which together formed the municipality of Serneus, which was independent until 1872. In addition to the larger settlements, the municipality also has a number of individual farmsteads and mountain pastures . The place Schlappin (1658 m) at the bend of the valley of the same name was inhabited all year round until the 17th century.
History and appearance
Klosters takes its name from the Premonstratensian monastery, Klösterli im Walt, which was first mentioned in a document in 1222 and was consecrated to Saint Jacob , a subsidiary of Churwalden . After the monastery was closed in 1528 and parts of the buildings were destroyed by fire in the Prättigau War in 1621, only the Romanesque tower of the reformed parish church , which was renovated in 1921 and forms the center of the Klosters Platz fraction, remains. Diagonally across from this church is the Old Town Hall (Jeuchenhaus) from 1680, a beautiful wooden house in the Prättigau style with a brick base and a portal decorated with coats of arms . The small local history museum Nutli Hüschi is housed in a restored farmhouse from the 16th century .
In 2012, in-depth clarifications were carried out on a merger project between Klosters-Serneus, Küblis , Saas , St. Antönien and Luzein . However, the investigations have now been canceled. On June 14, 2015, the voters of the two communities Saas and Klosters-Serneus approved the incorporation of Saas into the municipality of Klosters-Serneus on January 1, 2016.
The current municipal constitution is dated December 29, 2008 (with later changes).
The executive of Klosters-Serneus is the board of directors, which has five members; the legislature has been the municipal council with 15 members since 1970 . The parties are currently (2019) represented in the municipal council as shown opposite.
Tourism, mountain railways and ski areas
The Gotschnagrat (2285 m), on which there is a restaurant and from which one has a wide view of the Prättigau and the Silvretta group , can be reached by cable car from Klosters Platz . The Gotschna is also the local mountain of Klosters. A 3.2 km long toboggan run leads from the Gotschnaboden middle station (1780 m) down to Klosters. Another excursion destination, especially popular with families, is the Madrisa area , which is made accessible by an orbit with four cabins from Klosters Dorf, which was renovated in autumn 2005. The Saaseralp mountain station is on the floor of the now incorporated Saas.
The traffic situation for Klosters was dramatic for many years, as all road traffic from Landquart to Davos or the Lower Engadin had to roll on the main road right through the town. To remedy this, the construction of the already in the course Vereina the construction of the Klosters bypass Open: The Sunnibergbrücke , a road bridge over the valley of the Landquart below Klosters Dorf and the directly subsequent Gotschnatunnel that the in an arc Gotschna underpasses and comes to light again at the Selfranga car loading station .
Klosters has been connected to the Landquart – Davos Platz railway line of the Rhaetian Railway since 1889 . The train stations Klosters Dorf , Klosters (Platz) and Cavadürli (1352 m) have been the end point for countless tourists ever since, and for winter sports enthusiasts since 1904. In the early years, Klosters train station was still a terminus . This is how Hans Castorp experienced him in Thomas Mann's novel The Magic Mountain :
There were stops at poor station buildings, head-ends, which the train left in the opposite direction, which was confusing because you no longer knew how to drive and no longer remembered the regions of the sky .
Klosters has been a through station since 1930 ; Since then, the route to Davos has led through the 400 m long Klosters spiral tunnel . The Landquartbrücke ( Maillart Bridge) from 1930 had to give way to a new building in 1993, because preparations for the new Vereina line began at that time. Since the opening of the modern rail connection to the Engadine, Klosters has had a perfect rail connection in almost all directions. A car loading station was built in Selfranga.
Since December 1, 1985, the municipality has had a local bus network with 5 local bus lines and the Klosters – Saas – Küblis replacement service as line 6. The Klosters-Serneus local bus is operated by PostBus Graubünden. The central transfer point is the stop at Bahnhof Platz.
Klosters has a wide range for those interested in culture. These include the culture shed, the Wärchstuba and the community library in the more than 300-year-old rooms of the old town hall. The Kulturschuppen has existed in the old RhB goods shed since 2002 and is a meeting place for fans of cinema, jazz, small theater, readings and lectures. These are organized by the Kulturgesellschaft Klosters (kgk), which is also responsible for numerous other events, such as the popular Klosters summer concerts in the Church of St. Jakob. The Wärchstuba Klosters was founded in 1971 by creative mountain farmers as a winter course offering and today offers over 100 courses of all kinds every year, from cooking, handicrafts, personal development, sports, to weekend and holiday courses.
The local museum Nutli Hüschi, housed in an old Walser house, provides information on local history topics .
- Johannes Hitz (1772–1838), head of the monastery, manager and leaseholder of the Silberberg mine in Davos. Introduced zinc mining in the United States.
- Hans (John) Hitz (1797–1864), (son of Johannes) mining engineer and Consul General of Switzerland in the USA from 1853-1864
- Johann Rudolf Brosi (1801–1877), Council of States and federal judge
- Liliana Brosi (born November 28, 1934 in Cantù), painter, graphic artist, draftsman and gallery owner
- Anton Allemann (1936–2008), football player
- Beat Bolliger (1941–2008), cook
- Josef Minsch (1941–2008), ski racer
- Heinz Brand (* 1955), National Councilor from 2011
- Markus Huppenbauer (1958–2020), ethicist and university professor
- Coni Allemann (* 1963), musician, writer, cabaret artist
- Gian-Andrea Thöny (* 1992), ice hockey player
- reformed church monastery
- Catholic Church of St. Joseph, 1964
- Rectory and parish hall, 2008
- Nutli Hüschi
- Hotel Chesa Grischuna
- Florian Hew: Klosters home book. Schiers 1965 (2nd edition).
- Florian Hitz: Klosters-Serneus. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Florian Hitz, Maria Kasper-Kuoni: The Church of St. Jakob in Klosters, 1493–1993. 500 years after the choir was built. Davos 1993.
- Ursula Lehmann-Gugolz: Ancestors, descendants, emigrants from Klosters and Davos to America in the 19th century, Chur 1998.
- Jürg L. Muraro: St. Jakob im Prättigau (Klosters GR). In: Helvetia sacra, Volume IV / 3: The Premonstratensians in Switzerland, edited by several authors, edited by Bernard Andenmatten and Brigitte Degler-Spengler , Basel 2002, pp. 335–344. http://www.helvetiasacra.ch/
- Erwin Poeschel : The art monuments of the canton Graubünden II. The valleys of Herrschaft, Prättigau, Davos, Schanfigg, Churwalden, Albula valley (= art monuments of Switzerland. Volume 9). Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1937. .
- Nicolin Sererhard : Einfalten delineation. Seewis i. Pr. 1742. New ed. by Oskar Vasella and Walter Kern. Chur 1944.
- Jürg Stahel: The Serneus sulfur bath. Klosters 1978.
- Jürg Stahel: To the Klosters-Serneus nature trail. Klosters 1981.
- Jürg Stahel: Beripeeggi's strange experiences in the Silvretta Mountains. Klosters 2015.
- Jakob Vetsch : The house of God in Serneus. A commemorative publication. Klosters 1979, Schiers 2004.
- Jakob Vetsch: Ds Goldbrünneli. A collection of legends from Klosters and the surrounding area. Klosters 1982, 1998.
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland , Volume V, Map 1.
- Lexicon of Swiss municipality . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol, Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 484 f.
- Large municipality of Klosters with a low tax rate Article on südostschweiz.ch from August 17, 2011
- Fusion project in Prättigau canceled SRF News Regional, article from April 12, 2013
- Saas and Klosters move into the future together Radio SRF 1 , Regional Journal Graubünden from June 14, 2015
- Constitution of the municipality of Klosters-Serneus.
- Municipal Council.
- Brosi, Liliana. In: Sikart (accessed on: August 18, 2015).
- rectory and parish hall on www.graubuendenkultur.ch .
- Hotel Chesa Grischuna on www.graubuendenkultur.ch .